Translated by David Askew. The book presents a counter-argument to the widely held view that the Japanese have believed that they are a homogeneous nation since the Meiji period. Oguma demonstrates that the myth of ethnic homogeneity was not established during the Meiji period, nor during the Pacific War, but only after the end of World War II. The study covers a large range of areas, including archaeology, ancient history, linguistics, anthropology, ethnology, folk law, eugenics and philosophy, to obtain an overview of how a variety of authors dealt with the theme of ethnicity.
Table of Contents
Translator's Commentary vii
Central Terms in the Kiki Myths xvii
An Introduction to the English-Language Edition xviii
Part One: The Thought of an `Open Country'
The Birth of Theories of the Japanese Nation 3 (13)
The Debate on Mixed Residence in the Interior 16 (15)
The Theory of the National Polity and 31 (22)
The Anthropologists 53 (11)
The Theory that the `Japanese' and Koreans 64 (17)
share a Common Ancestor
The Japanese Annexation of Korea 81 (14)
Part Two: The Thought of `Empire'
History and the `Abolition of Discrimination' 95 (15)
The Reformation of the National Polity Theory 110 (15)
National Self-Determination and National 125 (18)
The Japanese as Caucasians 143 (13)
`The Return to Blood' 156 (19)
Part Three: The Thought of an `Island Nation'
The Birth of an Island Nation's Folklore 175 (28)
Japanisation versus Eugenics 203 (34)
The Revival of the Kiki Myths 237 (23)
From `Blood' to `Climate' 260 (25)
The Collapse of Empire 285 (13)
The Myth Takes Root 298 (23)
Conclusion 321 (29)
Notes 350 (45)
References 395 (33)