Missionary Tropics : The Catholic Frontier in India, 16th-17th Centuries (History, Languages, and Cultures of the Spanish and Portuguese Worlds)

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Missionary Tropics : The Catholic Frontier in India, 16th-17th Centuries (History, Languages, and Cultures of the Spanish and Portuguese Worlds)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 374 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780472114900
  • DDC分類 266.25409031

Full Description

A provocative contribution to the history of early modern Euro-Asian interactions that provides new perspectives on the encounter between Catholicism and Hinduism in India. By focusing on the Jesuit missionary's discovery of Indian "pagan" Hinduism, Zupanov traces the stages of the Jesuit's disconcerting journey into religious relativism or accommodation. At every point of this Euro-Asian encounter, the emerging Catholic communities attempted to twist and turn their own received religion to fit their various collective and/or individual interests. This turning or "troping" of the Jesuit message into pre-Christian modes of religious expression produced the "tropics" of the title. Drawing upon a variety of sources in Portuguese, Italian, Spanish, Latin and Tamil, "Missionary Tropics" documents the construction of the Indian vernacular Catholicism or "Tropical Catholicism" through a complex layering of missionary religious and social intentions and indigenous responses. By following Galenic humoral medical theory, the Catholic missionaries defined paganism as a natural outgrowth of the hot and humid climate. Reflecting the complex layering of the missionaries' religious and social intentions and the subsequent indigenous responses, this book should be of interest to all those who study religious encounters and are interested in the issues of religious conversion in the early modern world, in India, and elsewhere.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      xi
Abbreviations and Note on Transliteration and xiii
Map of southern India xiv
Map of Goa xv
Introduction: Cartography of Jesuit Early 1 (34)
Modernity in India
Part 1. Tropical Saints and Relics
The Sacred Body: Francis Xavier, the 35 (52)
Apostle, the Pilgrim, the Relic
A Reliquary Town---Sao Tome de Meliapor: 87 (26)
The Political and the Sacred in Portuguese
Part 2. Tropical Virtues and Vices
Fervors and Tropics: A Jesuit Missionary 113 (34)
Career in India (Antonio Gomes, 1548--54)
The Art of Dying in the Tropics: Jesuit 147 (25)
Martyrs in India
Tropical Sins and Sins of Hinduism 172 (23)
Part 3. Disciplining the Tropics
A Medical Mission in Goa: Pedro Afonso and 195 (37)
Giovanni Battista de Loffreda
Twisting a Pagan Tongue: Portuguese and 232 (27)
Tamil in Jesuit Translations
Epilogue: Tropical Textures 259 (12)
Notes 271 (58)
Bibliography 329 (30)
Index 359