Transl. by R. H. Kay.
In this textbook on the physiology of vision, Buser and Imbert synthesize the data in the field, proceeding from the biophysics of retinal receptors to processing in the visual areas of the cortex. Although the focus is on mammalian studies, some data from comparative physiology are included. In just five chapters the authors cover the structure and organization of the retina, the physical characteristics of visual stimuli, the psychophysical laws of visual sensation (absolute thresholds, retinal adaptation, visual acuity, temporal resolution, movement perception, color vision, and stereopsis), the genesis and elaboration of signals in the retina, and mechanisms in the central visual pathways.Like Buser and Imbert's companion sensory neurophysiology text Audition, Vision has been translated and updated from the original French in a style that is straightforward and concise.It includes 248 carefully chosen and fully captioned illustrations that will make it accessible to upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in the basic and clinical neurosciences, to students in courses on perception and psychophysics in psychology departments, as well as to researchers in computer vision who are interested in biological vision.Pierre Buser is Professor in the Department of Comparative Neurophysiology at the Universite Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris. Michel Imbert is Professor in the Department of Visual Neuroscience, also at the Universite Pierre et Marie Curie. R. H. Kay is Emeritus Fellow of Keble College, Oxford.
Part 1 Structure and organization of the retinareceptors and the pigment epithelium; topographic differences in receptor distributions; distribution of optic nerve fibres, visual fields, and binocular vision - phylogenetic aspects; intermediate cellular layers; ganglion cell layer; glial cells; efferent nerve fibres. Part 2 The physical characteristics of visual stimuli: radiant energy - the fundamental radiometric units; light energy - fundamental photometric units; colorimetric units and quantities. Part 3 The psychophysical laws of visual sensation: problems concerned with absolute thresholds; adaptation in the retina; simultaneous contrast, visual acuity, and spatial frequency resolution; temporal effects - temporal resolution; movement perception; real colour vision; afterimages; visual space. Part 4 Genesis and elaboration of signals in the retina: retinal photochemistry; the electroretinogram; the operation of retinal receptors; the neuronal network in the retina; coding of the spatiotemporal characteristics of light stimuli. Part 5 Mechanisms in the central visual pathways: the midbrain visual centres; the lateral geniculate body; the visual areas of the cortex; the developing visual system.