Handbook of Porphyrin Science : With Applications to Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science, Engineering, Biology and Medicine: Phthalocyanine Synthesi 〈45〉

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Handbook of Porphyrin Science : With Applications to Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science, Engineering, Biology and Medicine: Phthalocyanine Synthesi 〈45〉

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 296 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9789811201806
  • DDC分類 541

Full Description


Volume 45 in the highly successful series Handbook of Porphyrin Science presents three very informative chapters of significant topical interest to researchers in the broad field of porphyrin science. The first chapter (Chapter 215) systematically describes in great detail the many synthetic methods utilized for the preparation of both metal-free and metallo-phthalocyanines. In the second chapter (Chapter 216), new developments in the synthesis, structure, and circular dichroism of chiral porphyrin systems are discussed in depth. The third and final chapter in this volume (Chapter 217) describes up-to-date advances in the use of computational methodology for the design and synthesis of functionally useful tetrapyrroles such as phthalocyanines, porphyrins and 9. The volume concludes with a useful comprehensive index.The overall emphasis of Volume 45 of the Handbook of Porphyrin Science series, centers on synthetic methodology and processes, with a diversion in Chapter 217 to include predictive computational methodology, and in Chapter 216 to address the importance of chirality in tetrapyrrole systems. All three chapters will be of interest to researchers in the field and should provide powerful tools for anyone involved in the chemistry of phthalocyanines, porphyrins and related systems.NER(01): WOW

Table of Contents

Preface for Volume 45                              xi
Preface for Volumes 1--10 xii
Contributing Authors for Volume 45 xiii
Contents of Volume 45 xv
215/Phthalocyanine Synthesis 1 (168)
Satoshi Yamamoto
Semyon V. Dudkin
Mutsumi Kimura
Nagao Kobayashi
List of Abbreviations 2 (1)
I Introduction 3 (1)
II Representative Synthesis Methods 4 (5)
A Phthalic Anhydride, Phthalimide, and 5 (2)
Phthalamide (Wyler) Methods
B Phthalonitrile Method 7 (1)
C 1,3-Diiminoisoindoline Method 8 (1)
III Synthesis of Metal-Free 9 (2)
Phthalocyanines
A Phthalonitrile Methods 9 (1)
B 1,3-Diiminoisoindoline Method 10 (1)
C Demetalation 11 (1)
IV Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines 11 (142)
A Organic Solvent-Soluble 11 (1)
Metallophthalocyanines
1 Group 1: Li2Pc, Na2Pc, K2Pc, Rb2Pc, 11 (2)
and Cs2Pc
2 Group 2: BePc, MgPc, CaPc, and BaPc 13 (7)
3 Group 3: ScPc, ScPc2, YPc, YPc2, and 20 (4)
YPc3
4 Complexes of the Lanthanide and 24 (13)
Actinide Elements
5 Group 4: TiPc, TiPc2, ZrPc, ZrPc2, 37 (8)
HfPc, and HfPc2
6 Group 5: VPc, NbPc, and TaPc 45 (11)
7 Group 6: CrPc, MoPc, and WPc 56 (8)
8 Group 7: MnPc, TcPc, and RePc 64 (7)
9 Group 8: FePc, RuPc, and OsPc 71 (14)
10 Group 9: CoPc, RhPc, and IrPc 85 (12)
11 Group 10: NiPc, PdPc, and PtPc 97 (16)
12 Group 11: CuPc, AgPc, and AuPc 113 (14)
13 Group 12: ZnPc, CdPc, and HgPc 127 (1)
14 Group 13: B-subPc, AlPc, GaPc, InPc, 128 (4)
and TlPc
15 Group 14: SiPc, GePc, SnPc, SnPc2, 132 (3)
and PdPc
16 Group 15: PPc, AsPc, SbPc, BiPc, 135 (2)
BiPc2, and Bi2Pc3
B Water-Soluble Metallophthalocyanines 137 (1)
1 Anionic Water-Soluble Phthalocyanines 137 (1)
a Sulfonyl Group 137 (2)
b Carboxyl Group 139 (2)
2 Cationic Water-Soluble Phthalocyanines 141 (1)
a Quaternary Amine 141 (1)
b Pyridine 142 (5)
3 Non-Ionic Water-Soluble 147 (6)
Phthalocyanines
V Conclusions 153 (2)
VI Acknowledgments 155 (1)
VII References 155 (14)
216/Computational Guidance in the Design of 169 (36)
Functional Tetrapyrroles
Angel Zhang
Martin J. Stillman
List of Abbreviations 169 (1)
I Introduction 170 (1)
II Absorption and Magnetic Circular 171 (7)
Dichroism Spectra of Tetrapyrroles
A Origin of the Optical Spectra 172 (3)
B MCD Spectra Band Morphologies 175 (2)
C Relative Intensity of MCD Bands 177 (1)
III Thiophene Substituted Phthalocyanine 178 (3)
IV Electronically Active Substituents on 181 (19)
Porphyrins
A The Optical Data of Compounds 1--4 182 (4)
B The Electronic Structures of 186 (3)
Compounds 1--4
C Examining Effects of Active 189 (2)
Substituents on the Electronic
Structure of Porphyrins
V Electronically Activated Chlorins 191 (1)
A Optical Properties 192 (2)
B Electronically Activated Chlorins 194 (6)
with Thiophene Substituents
VI Summary 200 (2)
VII Acknowledgments 202 (1)
VIII References 202 (3)
217/Structure and Electronic Circular 205 (8)
Dichroism of Chiral Porphyrins and Chiral
Porphyrin Dimers
Milan Balaz
Yoonbin A. Joh
Krisztina Varga
Nina Berova
Roberto Purrello
Alessandro D'Urso
List of Abbreviations 206 (1)
I Introduction 207 (2)
II Preparation of Chiral Porphyrins: 209 (4)
Synthesis, Functionalization and Chiral
Resolution
A Chiral Reactants 210 (1)
1 Chiral Aldehydes 210 (1)
2 Chiral Pyrroles 210 (2)
B Functionalization of Achiral 212 (1)
Porphyrins with Chiral Molecules
C Chiral Resolution of Racemic Mixtures 212 (1)
by HPLC and Capillary Electrophoresis
1 Porphyrin Monomers 213 (1)
2 Porphyrin Dimers 214 (50)
III Chiral Porphyrin Monomers 214 (16)
A Porphyrins with Chiral Substituents 215 (1)
in meso Positions
1 Monosubstituted Porphyrins 215 (4)
2 Di-Substituted Porphyrins 219 (6)
3 Tetrasubstituted Porphyrins 225 (5)
B Chiral Self-Assembly of Chiral 230 (12)
Porphyrins
IV Chiral Porphyrin Dimers 242 (21)
A Indirectly Linked Chiral Porphyrin 242 (13)
Dimers: Porphyrin Dimers with a Chiral
Bridge
B Directly Linked Chiral Porphyrin 255 (1)
Dimers: meso--meso, meso-β and
β--β Porphyrin Dimers
1 meso--meso Connected Chiral Dimers 255 (4)
2 β--β Connected Chiral Dimers 259 (1)
3 meso--meso β---β Fused and 260 (3)
meso-β Connected Chiral Dimers
C Porphyrin Dimers Containing 263 (1)
Intrinsically Chiral Porphyrin Monomers
V Applications of Chiral Porphyrin 263 (1)
Monomers and Dimers: Molecular Recognition
A Recognition and Sensing of Chiral 264 (1)
Organic Molecules
1 Chiral Porphyrin Monomers 264 (4)
2 Chiral Porphyrin Dimers 268 (17)
B Supramolecular Recognition and 273 (6)
Optical Resolution of Chiral Carbon
Nanotubes and Fullerenes by Chiral
Porphyrins and Bis-Porphyrins
VI Concluding Remarks 279 (1)
VII References 279 (6)
Index to Volume 45 285