生物多様性のエコロジー経済学<br>The Ecological Economics of Biodiversity : Methods and Policy Applications

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生物多様性のエコロジー経済学
The Ecological Economics of Biodiversity : Methods and Policy Applications

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 192 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781843762706
  • DDC分類 333.95

基本説明

A very readable introduction to the ecological economics of biodiversity.

Full Description


The loss of biodiversity has put increasing pressure on the stability and continuity of ecosystems, and their ability to provide goods and services to mankind. This valuable new book addresses this issue and presents an integrated ecological-economic perspective on the analysis of biodiversity loss and conservation. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach and attempts both to provide a definition of biodiversity benefits as well as investigate alternative perspectives on biodiversity. The book also presents a classification of biodiversity values and effectively illustrates which economic valuation methods can best measure which type of biodiversity value. The distinguished authors move on to discuss the utility of the application of the economics-ecology interface and integrated modelling for the assessment of biodiversity values. In doing so, they consider the use of multi-criteria evaluation and meta-analytical methods to deal with the aggregation of information from multiple disciplines and past valuation studies, respectively. The book concludes by addressing the role of biodiversity indicators and monetary information for policy design and biodiversity management, devoting special attention to the certification and the ecolabeling of biodiversity benefits.The integration of economic and ecological theories and methods, and the strong methodological orientation will be of immense benefit to students, academics and researchers of environmental economics, environmental science and ecology. Policymakers involved with nature policy and management will also find this volume to be of great practical value.

Table of Contents

List of Figures                                    ix
List of Tables x
Preface xii
PART I: CONTEXT
1 Overview 3 (6)
1.1 Setting the scene 3 (2)
1.2 A historical perspective on the 5 (1)
economy-environment relationship
1.3 Structure of the book 6 (3)
2 Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functions and Human 9 (12)
Activity
2.1 Multilevel diversity 9 (4)
2.1.1 Genetic diversity 9 (1)
2.1.2 Species diversity 10 (1)
2.1.3 Ecosystem diversity 11 (1)
2.1.4 Functional diversity 12 (1)
2.2 Loss of biodiversity 13 (2)
2.3 Alternative perspectives on 15 (6)
biodiversity value
2.3.1 Instrumental vs. intrinsic values 15 (1)
2.3.2 Monetary vs. biological indicators 15 (1)
2.3.3 Direct vs. indirect values 16 (1)
2.3.4 Biodiversity vs. biological 16 (1)
resources
2.3.5 Levels of vs. changes in 17 (1)
biodiversity
2.3.6 Local vs. global diversity 17 (1)
2.3.7 Genetic vs. other life organization 17 (1)
levels
2.3.8 Holistic vs. reductionist approaches 17 (1)
2.3.9 Expert vs. general public 18 (3)
assessments
PART II: BIO-ECOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS
3 Conceptualizing Biodiversity and Ecosystem 21 (10)
Functions
3.1 Introduction 21 (2)
3.2 The '4-box model' 23 (1)
3.3 Biodiversity functions 24 (1)
3.4 Community, ecosystem and ecological 25 (1)
organization
3.5 Ecosystem health 26 (5)
4 Measuring Biodiversity 31 (12)
4.1 Introduction 31 (1)
4.2 Biotic richness: genetic, species and 31 (3)
ecosystem diversity
4.2.1 Genetic diversity 31 (1)
4.2.2 Species diversity 32 (1)
4.2.3 Ecosystem diversity 33 (1)
4.3 Ecological methods for biodiversity 34 (9)
analysis
4.3.1 Overview 34 (1)
4.3.2 Red List of threatened species 34 (2)
4.3.3 Definition of sites of special 36 (1)
scientific interest
4.3.4 Population dynamics of species and 37 (6)
ecosystems
PART III: ECONOMIC FOUNDATIONS
5 Economic Analysis of Biodiversity Values 43 (8)
5.1 The concept of economic value 43 (2)
5.2 General aspects of economic valuation 45 (1)
of biodiversity
5.3 Motivation for economic valuation of 46 (3)
biodiversity
5.3.1 Multiple reasons 46 (1)
5.3.2 Cost-benefit analysis 46 (1)
5.3.3 Environmental accounting 47 (1)
5.3.4 Natural resource damage assessment 48 (1)
and legal claims
5.3.5 Proper pricing 48 (1)
5.4 A classification of economic values of 49 (2)
biodiversity
6 Measuring Economic Value of Biodiversity 51 (16)
Benefits
6.1 Alternative valuation methods and their 51 (2)
degree of applicability
6.2 Biodiversity valuation studies 53 (9)
6.2.1 Overview 53 (1)
6.2.2 Genetic diversity and bioprospecting 53 (2)
6.2.3 Biodiversity and species 55 (1)
preservation
6.2.4 Biodiversity and natural habitat 56 (3)
preservation
6.2.5 Biodiversity and ecosystem 59 (15)
functions and services flows
6.2.5.1 Soil and wind erosion valuation 60 (1)
studies
6.2.5.2 Water quality valuation studies 61 (1)
6.2.5.3 Wetland ecosystem function 62 (1)
valuation studies
6.3 Discussion of the valuation results 62 (5)
PART IV: ECONOMICS-ECOLOGY INTERFACE
7 Integrated Ecological-Economic Modeling and 67 (16)
Analysis of Biodiversity
7.1 Introduction 67 (1)
7.2 Frameworks and theories underlying 67 (1)
integrated modeling
7.3 Integrated model assessment 68 (2)
7.4 Specific methods and models 70 (2)
7.5 Interaction between integrated modeling 72 (1)
and monetary valuation
7.6 Advantages and disadvantages of 73 (1)
integrated modeling
7.7 A spatial-economic-hydroecological 74 (9)
model for biodiversity evaluation
7.7.1 Background 74 (1)
7.7.2 Description of the area 75 (2)
7.7.2.1 Current situation 75 (1)
7.7.2.2 Threats to the wetlands 75 (2)
7.7.2.3 Development scenarios 77 (1)
7.7.3 Method of integrated research 77 (2)
7.7.4 Results 79 (4)
8 Multicriteria Evaluation 83 (10)
8.1 Introduction 83 (1)
8.2 Multicriteria decision models 84 (2)
8.3 Practical applications to biodiversity 86 (7)
issues
8.3.1 An example of coastal habitats 87 (2)
8.3.2 Examples for the Netherlands 89 (4)
9 Research Synthesis and Value Transfer 93 (14)
9.1 Introduction 93 (1)
9.2 Meta-analytical methods 94 (4)
9.2.1 Statistical techniques 94 (2)
9.2.2 Other techniques 96 (3)
9.2.2.1 Rough set analysis 96 (1)
9.2.2.2 Fuzzy set analysis 97 (1)
9.2.2.3 Content analysis 97 (1)
9.3 Value transfer 98 (1)
9.4 A comparative study of biodiversity 99 (8)
values
9.4.1 Background 99 (3)
9.4.2 Meta-analytical method used 102(1)
9.4.3 Results 103(4)
PART V: POLICY AND CONCLUSIONS
10 Biodiversity Policy 107(12)
10.1 Introduction 101(7)
10.2 Public policy strategies 108(2)
10.2.1 Direct government intervention 108(1)
10.2.2 Information provision 109(1)
10.3 Biodiversity certification and 110(9)
ecolabeling as biodiversity policies
10.3.1 Motivation 110(1)
10.3.2 Consumer awareness 111(2)
10.3.3 The incentive of firms to 113(1)
undertake certification and ecolabeling
10.3.4 Sensitivity of consumer demand for 113(1)
biodiversity price premiums
10.3.5 Illustrations of certification, 114(2)
ecolabeling and mixed policy instruments
10.3.5.1 The European organic food 114(1)
market
10.3.5.2 The Dutch green-certification 115(1)
system for the energy market
10.3.5.3 The timber certification market 115(1)
10.3.6 Evaluation of biodiversity 116(3)
certification and ecolabeling policy
instruments
11 Conclusions 119(4)
Appendix: Red Book Classification of Species 123(6)
References 129(28)
Index 157