物語の基本要素<br>Basic Elements of Narrative : What's the Story?

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物語の基本要素
Basic Elements of Narrative : What's the Story?

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 264 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781405141536
  • DDC分類 808

基本説明

Views narrative as a cognitive structure, type of text, and resource for interpersonal communication.

Full Description

Basic Elements of Narrative outlines a way of thinking about what narrative is and how to identify its basic elements across various media, introducing key concepts developed by previous theorists and contributing original ideas to the growing body of scholarship on stories.

Includes an overview of recent developments in narrative scholarship
Provides an accessible introduction to key concepts in the field
Views narrative as a cognitive structure, type of text, and resource for interpersonal communication
Uses examples from literature, face to face interaction, graphic novels, and film to explore the core features of narrative
Includes a glossary of key terms, full bibliography, and comprehensive index
Appropriate for multiple audiences, including students, non-specialists, and experts in the field

Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiv

The Elements xvi

1 Getting Started: A Thumbnail Sketch of the Approach 1

Toward a Working Definition of Narrative 1

Profiles of Narrative 7

Narrative: Basic Elements 9

2 Framing the Approach: Some Background and Context 23

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Narrative and Narrative Theory 23

Major Trends in Recent Scholarship on Narrative 26

3 Back to the Elements: Narrative Occasions 37

Situating Stories 37

Sociolinguistic Approaches 40

Positioning Theory 55

The Narrative Communication Model 63

Conclusion 74

4 Temporality, Particularity, and Narrative: An Excursion into the Theory of Text Types 75

From Contexts of Narration to Narrative as a Type of Text 75

Text Types and Categorization Processes 79

Narrative as a Text-Type Category: Descriptions versus Stories versus Explanations 89

Coda: Text Types, Communicative Competence, and the Role of Stories in Science 100

5 The Third Element; or, How to Build a Storyworld 105

Narratives as Blueprints for Worldmaking 105

Narrative Ways of Worldmaking 108

Narrative Worlds: A Survey of Approaches 118

Configuring Narrative Worlds: The WHAT, WHERE, and WHEN Dimensions of Storyworlds 128

Worlds Disrupted: Narrativity and Noncanonical Events 133

6 The Nexus of Narrative and Mind 137

The Consciousness Factor 137

Consciousness across Narrative Genres 139

Experiencing Minds: What It's Like, Qualia, Raw Feels 143

Storied Minds: Narrative Foundations of Consciousness? 153

Appendix 161

Literary Narrative: Ernest Hemingway's "Hills Like White Elephants" (1927) 161

Narrative Told during Face-to-Face Communication: UFO or the Devil (2002) 166

Excerpted Panels from Ghost World (1997), a Graphic Novel by Daniel Clowes 173

Screenshots from Terry Zwigoff's Film Version of Ghost World (2001) 178

Glossary 180

Notes 195

References 215

Index 235