Order & Exclusion : Cluny and Christendom Face Heresy, Judaism, and Islam 1000-1150 (Conjunctions of Religion & Power in the Medieval Past)


Order & Exclusion : Cluny and Christendom Face Heresy, Judaism, and Islam 1000-1150 (Conjunctions of Religion & Power in the Medieval Past)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 392 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780801437083
  • DDC分類 271.14


Translated from the French by Graham Robert Edwards. Foreword by Barbara H. Rosenwein.

Full Description

Order and Exclusion is a rare and magnificent book of medieval history with clear relevance to today's headlines. Through the lens of the polemics of Peter the Venerable, abbot of Cluny, Dominique Iogna-Prat examines the process by which christianity transformed itself into Christendom, a powerful spiritual, social, and political system with pretensions to universality. Iogna-Prat's close examination of a set of writings central to the history of Catholicism resolves into a deeply troubling study of the origins of attitudes that continue to shape world events. Iogna-Prat writes that "versions of fundamentalism nourished by the soil of an often terrible common history" show that Christianity, Judaism, and Islam have all been capable of intolerance.Peter the Venerable's writings had a far-reaching impact: the powerful network of Clunaic houses expanded from the founding of the original monastery of Cluny to dominate Christendom by the twelfth century. This Christendom, Iogna-Prat demonstrates, defined itself in part through its increasingly bitter struggles against its perceived enemies both within and without. Peter the Venerable's all-pervasive logic pitted the "order" of the monastery and its hierarchical society against all those-heretics, Jews, Muslims, lepers-outside its bounds. In his proclamations against Jews and Muslims, Peter devised a Christian anthropology: in his view, to be non-Christian was to be non-human. The power of the Church came at a great and lasting price.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           ix
Barbara H. Rosenwein
Acknowledgments xi
Abbreviations xiii
Translator's Note xv
Introduction: A Journey through Christendom via 1 (8)
PART I. The Monks and the World Order
The ``Ordering'' of Christendom 9 (17)
A Monastic Church within the Church 26 (73)
PART II. Christian Society: Peter the
Venerable's Contra Petrobrusianos and Its
``Purging'' the Church 99 (21)
Polemic Method 120 (28)
The Church's Foundations: Baptism and 148 (34)
Places of Worship
The Church's Cornerstone: The Sacrifice of 182 (37)
The Living and the Dead 219 (34)
Christian Society Revealed by Its Outsiders 253 (12)
PART III. Christian Universality: Peter the
Venerable's Adversus Iudeos and Contra sectam
Sarracenorum and Their Background
The Unstoppable Spread of Christendom 265 (10)
``O Jew, I dare not call thee man . . .'' 275 (48)
Islam and the Antichrist 323 (35)
``Concerning Repressed Things Which Enable 358 (9)
Humans to Live in Society''
Bibliography 367 (20)
Index 387