アメリカの文明化過程<br>The American Civilizing Process

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アメリカの文明化過程
The American Civilizing Process

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 388 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780745632087
  • DDC分類 973

基本説明

Explores how America came to be what it is today. Topics: American manners and lifestyles; violence in American society; the 'curse of the American Dream' and increasing inequality; the religiosity of American life.

Full Description


Since 9/11, the American government has presumed to speak and act in the name of 'civilization'. But isthat how the rest of the world sees it? And if not, why not? Stephen Mennell leads up to such contemporary questions through a careful study of the whole span of American development, from the first settlers to the American Empire. He takes a novel approach, analysing the USA's experience in the light of Norbert Elias's theory of civilizing (and decivilizing) processes. Drawing comparisons between the USA and other countries of the world, the topics discussed include: American manners and lifestyles Violence in American society The impact of markets on American social character American expansion, from the frontier to empire The 'curse of the American Dream' and increasing inequality The religiosity of American life Mennell shows how the long-term experience of Americans has been of growing more and more powerful in relation to their neighbours. This has had all-pervasive effects on the way they see themselves, their perception of the rest of the world, and how the rest of the world sees them.Mennell's compelling and provocative account will appeal to anyone concerned about America's role in the world today, including students and scholars of American politics and society.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            viii
Prologue: Civilizing Processes 1
The theory of civilizing processes 4
Established熔utsiders relations 18
Conclusion: The plan and major themes of 20
the hook
1 'American Civilization' 23
The Founding Fathers as philosopher 25
'Progress' 26
Fugitive government 28
'Human nature' 33
Conclusion 38
2 'Fellow Americans' and Outsiders 40
Others: the Native Americans 41
Others: the blacks 43
Others: the Europeans 44
Anti-Americanism: how the outsiders view 48
the established
Conclusion 50
3 American Manners Under Scrutiny 51
American manners books 53
Americans observed 56
Technology, hygiene and deference 67
Victorianism 73
Informalization 75
Conclusion 80
4 American Aristocracies 81
The colonial gentry 82
The South: American Junkers? 85
The North: working upper classes 94
From cumulative to dispersed inequalities? 100
A significant absence: an aristocracy of 103
office
Conclusion 104
5 The Market Society 106
The constraints of the market 107
The constraints of organization 115
Conclusion 120
6 Violence and Aggressiveness 122
Long-term trends in violence 123
Is America peculiarly violent? 133
The Western myth as a form of romanticism 137
No duty to retreat 138
Capital punishment 149
Conclusion 154
7 And Wilderness is Paradise Enow: From 158
Settlements to Independence
Autarky, but not terra nullius 160
Population 163
Early phases of the American 165
state-formation process
Conclusion 179
8 But Westward, Look, the Land is Bright: 180
From Frontier to Empire
Manifest destiny and latent dynamics: a 181
necessary theoretical digression
The balance between the planned and the 183
unplanned in US territorial expansion
'Sovereignty' as a function of power ratios 190
The frontier 193
Beyond manifest destiny: the beginnings of 209
an American empire
Conclusion 212
9 Integration Struggles 214
Urbanization and resentment of the city 215
Immigration 218
Growth of the means of ruling 223
The breakdown: the Civil War and its 233
aftermath
A central ambivalence: the armed forces 240
Conclusion 247
10 The Curse of the American Dream 249
Equality and inequality in America 250
The American welfare state 254
Social mobility in America 262
Conclusion: Upwards identification, not 263
mutual identification?
11 Involvement, Detachment and American 266
Religiosity
Fantasy and the growth of knowledge 268
American religion in long-term perspective 273
Some explanations 282
Odd one out  Europe or the USA? 289
Conclusion 291
12 America and Humanity as a Whole 294
'American social character': diminishing 298
contrasts, increasing varieties
The problem of the American homo clausus: 301
the we蜂 balance
Market fundamentalism and diminishing 305
foresight
Functional de-democratization 311
The American empire 314
Conclusion: path-dependency in America and 320
the world
Notes 323
References 346
Index 373