M.ヌスバウム『正義のフロンティア―障碍者・外国人・動物という境界を越えて』(原書)<br>Frontiers of Justice : Disability, Nationality, Species Membership (The Tanner Lectures on Human Values)


Frontiers of Justice : Disability, Nationality, Species Membership (The Tanner Lectures on Human Values)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 487 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780674024106
  • DDC分類 320.011


New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2005. Can we extend the equal rights of citizenship to those with physical and mental disabilities? How can we extend justice and dignified life conditions to all citizens of the world? And how, finaly, can we bring our treatment of nonhuman animals into our notions of social justice? Exploring the limitations of the social contract in these three areas, Nussbaum devises an alternative theory based on the idea of "capabilities."

Full Description

Taking up three urgent problems of social justice neglected by various theories and thus harder to tackle in practical terms and everyday life, this work seeks a theory of social justice that can guide us to a more responsive approach to social cooperation.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations                                      xv
Introduction 1 (8)
Social Contracts and Three Unsolved 9 (87)
Problems of Justice
The State of Nature 9 (5)
Three Unsolved Problems 14 (8)
Rawls and the Unsolved Problems 22 (3)
Free, Equal, and Independent 25 (10)
Grotius, Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Kant 35 (19)
Three Forms of Contemporary 54 (15)
The Capabilities Approach 69 (12)
Capabilities and Contractarianism 81 (11)
In Search of Global Justice 92 (4)
Disabilities and the Social Contract 96 (59)
Needs for Care, Problems of Justice 96 (7)
Prudential and Moral Versions of the 103(4)
Contract; Public and Private
Rawls's Kantian Contractarianism: Primary 107(1)
Goods, Kantian Personhood, Rough
Equality, Mutual Advantage
Postponing the Question of Disability 108(19)
Kantian Personhood and Mental Impairment 127(13)
Care and Disability: Kittay and Sen 140(5)
Reconstructing Contractarianism? 145(10)
Capabilities and Disabilities 155(69)
The Capabilities Approach: A 155(1)
Noncontractarian Account of Care
The Bases of Social Cooperation 156(3)
Dignity: Aristotelian, not Kantian 159(1)
The Priority of the Good, the Role of 160(4)
Why Capabilities? 164(4)
Care and the Capabilities List 168(3)
Capability or Functioning? 171(2)
The Charge of Intuitionism 173(3)
The Capabilities Approach and Rawls's 176(3)
Principles of Justice
Types and Levels of Dignity: The Species 179(16)
Public Policy: The Question of 195(4)
Public Policy: Education and Inclusion 199(12)
Public Policy: The Work of Care 211(5)
Liberalism and Human Capabilities 216(8)
Mutual Advantage and Global Inequality: The 224(49)
Transnational Social Contract
A World of Inequalities 224(6)
A Theory of Justice: The Two-Stage 230(8)
Contract Introduced
The Law of Peoples: The Two-Stage 238(17)
Contract Reaffirmed and Modified
Justification and Implementation 255(7)
Assessing the Two-Stage Contract 262(2)
The Global Contract: Beitz and Pogge 264(6)
Prospects for an International 270(3)
Capabilities across National Boundaries 273(52)
Social Cooperation: The Priority of 273(8)
Why Capabilities? 281(3)
Capabilities and Rights 284(7)
Equality and Adequacy 291(4)
Pluralism and Toleration 295(3)
An International ``Overlapping 298(8)
Globalizing the Capabilities Approach: 306(5)
The Role of Institutions
Globalizing the Capabilities Approach: 311(4)
What Institutions?
Ten Principles for the Global Structure 315(10)
Beyond ``Compassion and Humanity'': Justice 325(83)
for Nonhuman Animals
``Beings Entitled to Dignified Existence'' 325(3)
Kantian Social Contract Views: Indirect 328(10)
Duties, Duties of Compassion
Utilitarianism and Animal Flourishing 338(8)
Types of Dignity, Types of Flourishing: 346(6)
Extending the Capabilities Approach
Methodology: Theory and Imagination 352(5)
Species and Individual 357(9)
Evaluating Animal Capabilities: No Nature 366(6)
Positive and Negative, Capability and 372(8)
Equality and Adequacy 380(4)
Death and Harm 384(4)
An Overlapping Consensus? 388(4)
Toward Basic Political Principles: The 392(9)
Capabilities List
The Ineliminability of Conflict 401(4)
Toward a Truly Global Justice 405(3)
The Moral Sentiments and the Capabilities 408(9)
Notes 417(34)
References 451(12)
Index 463