保全生物学<br>Conservation Biology

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保全生物学
Conservation Biology

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 345 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521644822
  • DDC分類 333.9516

基本説明

見た目に美しく、わかりやすい図解テキスト。
Contents: The natural world; Major world ecosystems; The human impact; The effects of habitat destruction; The rise of conservation biology; Selecting protected areas; Landscape scale conservation; Ecological restoration; Putting the science to practice; and more.

Full Description


Conservation biology is fast emerging as a major new discipline, which incorporates biological principles in the design of effective strategies for the sustainable management of populations, species and entire ecosystems. This beautifully illustrated textbook introduces students to conservation biology, the science of preserving biodiversity. It begins by taking the reader on a tour of the many and varied ecosystems of our planet, providing a setting in which to explore the factors that have led to the alarming loss of biodiversity that we now see. In particular the fundamental problems of habitat loss and fragmentation, habitat disturbance and the non-sustainable exploitation of species in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are explored. The methods that have been developed to address these problems, from the most traditional forms of conservation, to new approaches at genetic to landscape scales are then discussed, showing how the science can be put into practice.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xi
Part 1
The natural world 3 (16)
What have we got to lose? 3 (2)
Diversity among living organisms 5 (2)
Patterns of biodiversity 7 (8)
The utility of the natural world 15 (1)
The wild experience 16 (1)
Summary 17 (2)
Major world ecosystems 19 (34)
The ecosystem concept 19 (1)
Terrestrial environments 20 (22)
Montane environments 42 (2)
Aquatic environments 44 (4)
Summary 48 (5)
Part 2
The human impact 53 (23)
The rise of human populations 53 (13)
Current human impacts 66 (6)
The human impact on species extinctions 72 (2)
Summary 74 (2)
Effects of habitat destruction 76 (26)
Introduction 76 (2)
Patterns of habitat destruction 78 (2)
Biotic effects of habitat fragmentation 80 (19)
Contraction in species range 99 (1)
Summary 100(2)
Effects of habitat disturbance 102(22)
Introduction 102(1)
Chemical pollution 102(6)
Introduction of exotic species 108(8)
Introduction of disease 116(4)
Genetically modified organisms 120(1)
Physical disturbance of ecosystem dynamics 121(1)
Is disturbance always bad? 122(1)
Summary 122(2)
Non-sustainable use 124(17)
What is sustainable use? 124(1)
Overexploitation of wild populations 124(11)
Impact of overexploitation of non-living 135(1)
resources
Summary 136(5)
Part 3
The rise of conservation biology 141(9)
Introduction 141(1)
Early conservationists 142(2)
The emergence of conservation biology as a 144(3)
science
The Rio Summit and Biodiversity Convention 147(1)
Conservation biology and the conservation 148(1)
movement
Summary 148(2)
Selecting protected areas 150(23)
Introduction 150(1)
What is a protected area? 151(2)
History of protected area designation 153(3)
Criteria for measuring conservation value 156(8)
of areas
Practical approaches to protected area 164(7)
designation
Summary 171(2)
Design and management of protected areas 173(26)
Designing protected areas 173(3)
Managing protected areas 176(2)
Management of semi-natural communities 178(15)
Monitoring change in protected areas 193(4)
Summary 197(2)
Protecting species. I. In situ conservation 199(28)
Commoness and rarity among species 199(1)
Assessing and categorising threat to 200(7)
species from human activity
Managing small populations 207(3)
Measuring species decline 210(2)
Genetic management of small populations 212(4)
Genetic management of species 216(6)
Sustainable harvesting of populations 222(4)
Summary 226(1)
Protecting species. II. Ex situ conservation 227(25)
and reintroduction
What is ex situ conservation and when is it 227(1)
necessary?
Ex situ conservation of plants 228(2)
Ex situ conservation of animals: captive 230(4)
breeding
Species reintroduction 234(10)
Direct species translocation 244(2)
Population reinforcement 246(3)
Overview 249(2)
Summary 251(1)
Landscape scale conservation 252(18)
`Patchiness' in the landscape 252(1)
Landscape ecology and conservation 253(3)
Enhancing species movement in the landscape 256(5)
Conservation in the urban landscape 261(3)
Conserving ecosystem function 264(1)
Ecosystem management 265(1)
Management at the landscape scale: the UK 266(2)
Natural Areas concept
Summary 268(2)
Conserving the evolutionary process (a longer 270(14)
term view of conservation)
Short-term crisis conservation 270(1)
Conservation and the control of nature 271(1)
The use of phylogeography in conservation 272(3)
Using genetics to plan at evolutionary and 275(4)
biogeographical scales
Linking genetic diversity with community 279(2)
diversity
The use of systematics in conservation 281(1)
Conserving the evolutionary process 282(1)
Summary 283(1)
Ecological restoration 284(21)
Introduction 284(4)
Elements of practical restoration 288(3)
Case studies in restoration 291(6)
Where should restoration take place? 297(1)
Agri-environment schemes 298(1)
Habitat creation 299(3)
The good and the bad of ecological 302(1)
restoration as conservation practice
Summary 303(2)
Putting the science in to practice 305(24)
Introduction 305(1)
The contrasting positions of the 306(2)
practitioner and the scientist
Evidence-based conservation: lessons from 308(4)
medicine and public health
Formulation of action plans: an opportunity 312(8)
to bridge the gap
Models for combining science and practice 320(3)
Taking action 323(4)
Summary 327(2)
References 329(12)
Index 341