理性の進化:生物学の一分科としての論理学<br>The Evolution of Reason : Logic as a Branch of Biology (Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology)

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理性の進化:生物学の一分科としての論理学
The Evolution of Reason : Logic as a Branch of Biology (Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 238 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521540254
  • DDC分類 570.1

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2001. Outlines a theory of rationality in which logical law emerges as in intrinsic aspect of evolutionary biology.

Full Description

The formal systems of logic have ordinarily been regarded as independent of biology, but recent developments in evolutionary theory suggest that biology and logic may be intimately interrelated. In this book, William Cooper outlines a theory of rationality in which logical law emerges as an intrinsic aspect of evolutionary biology. This biological perspective on logic, though at present unorthodox, could change traditional ideas about the reasoning process. Cooper examines the connections between logic and evolutionary biology and illustrates how logical rules are derived directly from evolutionary principles, and therefore have no independent status of their own. Laws of decision theory, utility theory, induction, and deduction are reinterpreted as natural consequences of evolutionary processes. Cooper's connection of logical law to evolutionary theory ultimately results in a unified foundation for an evolutionary science of reason. It will be of interest to professionals and students of philosophy of science, logic, evolutionary theory, and cognitive science.

Table of Contents

Foreword page                                      ix
1 The Biology of Logic 1 (18)
2 The Evolutionary Derivation of Life-History 19 (24)
Strategy Theory
3 The Evolutionary Derivation of Decision Logic 43 (26)
4 The Evolutionary Derivation of Inductive 69 (21)
Logic (Part I)
5 The Evolutionary Derivation of Deductive Logic 90 (19)
6 The Evolutionary Derivation of Inductive 109(16)
Logic (Part II)
7 The Evolutionary Derivation of Mathematics 125(11)
8 Broadening the Evolutionary Foundation of 136(10)
Classical Logic
9 The Evolutionary Derivation of Nonclassical 146(27)
Logics
10 Radical Reductionism in Logic 173(18)
11 Toward a Unified Science of Reason 191(12)
Appendix: Formal Theory 203(14)
References 217(6)
Index 223