English around the World : Sociolinguistic Perspectives


English around the World : Sociolinguistic Perspectives

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Full Description

Only a few centuries ago the English language consisted of a collection of dialects spoken mainly by monolinguals and only within the shores of a small island. Now the English language includes such typologically distinct varieties as pidgins and creoles, 'new' Englishes, and a range of different standard and nonstandard varieties that are spoken on a regular basis in many different countries throughout the world. English is also, of course, the main language used for communication at an international level. The use of English in such a diverse range of social contexts around the world provides us with a unique opportunity to analyse and document the linguistic variation and change that is occurring within a single language, on a far greater scale - as far as we know - than has ever happened in the world's linguistic history before. This volume is intended to give a comprehensive account of our current knowledge of variation in the use of the English language around the world. Overview papers, written by specialist authors, survey the social context in which English is spoken in those parts of the world where it is widely used. Case study papers then provide representative examples of the empirical research that has been carried out into the English that is spoken in that part of the world. The volume therefore contributes both to our understanding of the English language worldwide and to a more general understanding of language as it is used in its social context. It assesses the extent of our current knowledge of variation in the English language and points to gaps in our understanding which future research might set out to remedy.

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of contributors
Sociolinguistics and English around the World
Jenny Cheshire
1. The UK and the USA Jenny Cheshire
2. Ireland John Harris
3. Urban and rural varieties of Hiberno-English
Markku Filppula
4. Sociolinguistic variation and methodology:
after as a Dublin variable Jeffrey L. Kallen
5. The interpretation of social constraints on
variation in Belfast English James Milroy
6. Canada J. K. Chambers
7. Phonological variation and recent language
change in St John's English Sandra Clarke
8. Sociophonetic variation in Vancouver John H.
9. Social differentiation in Ottowa English
Howard B. Woods
10. New Zealand Allan Bell, and Janet Holmes
11. Social constraints on the phonology of New
Zealand English Donn Bayard
12. Maori English: a New Zealand myth? Richard
A. Benton
13. Sporting formulae in New Zealand English:
two models of male solidarity Koenraad Kuiper
14. Australia Gregory Guy
15. /ae/ and /a:/ in Australian English David
16. Variation in subject-verb agreement in
inner Sydney English Edina Eisikovits
17. Australian Creole English: the effect of
cultural knowledge on language and memory
Margaret T. S. Steffensen
18. South Asia Thiru Kandiah
19. Final consonant cluster simplification in a
variety of Indian English Farhat Khan
20. Patterns of language use in a bilingual
setting in India Anju Sahgal
21. Speech acts in an indigenised variety:
sociocultural values and language variation
Kamal K. Sridhar
22. Southeast Asia and Hongkong Mary W. J. Tay
23. Stylistic shifts in the English of the
Philippine print media Andrew B. Gonzalez
24. Variation in Malaysian English: the
pragmatics of languages in contact Peter H.
25. Social and linguistic constraints on
variation in the use of two grammatical
variables in Singapore English John Platt
26. East Africa (Tanzania and Kenya) Mohammed
M. H. Abdulaziz
27. The politics of the English language in
Kenya and Tanzania Musimbi R. A. Kanyoro
28. National and subnational features in Kenyan
English Josef J. Schmied
29. Southern Africa Maurice M. Chishimba
30. Sources and consequences of
miscommunication in Afrikaans English - South
African English encounters J. Keith Chick
31. Syntactic variation in South African Indian
English: the relative clause Rajend Mesthrie
32. The social significance of language use and
language choice in a Zambian urban setting: an
empirical study of three neighbourhoods in
Lusaka Alice K. Siachitema
33. West Africa Eyamba G. Bokamba
34. The pronoun system in Nigerian Pidgin: a
preliminary study Nicholas Faraclas
35. The sociolinguistics of prepositional usage
in Nigerian English Munzali Jibril
36. Social and linguistic constraints on plural
marking in Liberian English John Victor Singlar
37. The Caribbean Donald Winford
38. Standardisation in a Creole continuum
situation: the Guyana case Hubert Devonish
39. Gender roles and linguistic variation in
the Belizean Creole community Genevieve Escure
40. Sociolinguistic variation in Cane Walk: a
quantitative case study John R. Rickford
41. The Pacific Suzanne Romaine
42. Watching girls pass by in Tok Pisin Peter
43. Sociolinguistic variation and language
attitudes in Hawaii Peter Muhihausler
44. Variation in Fiji English Jeff Siegel.