An increasing number of people accept competitiveness as a basis for living. However, while competitiveness may have its place, cooperation is more important in many contexts, and interpersonal relationships are the most important elements in our lives. This is true not only of individuals, but also of groups and nations. In this book, prominent authors have come together to consider the nature of cooperation and prosocial behaviour at levels of social complexity ranging from the individual to the international. Successive sections cover key topics such as the relations between cooperation in animals and humans; the development of prosocial propensities in humans; aspects of the situation and of personality that increase the probability that individuals will behave prosocially; the relationships between trust, cooperation and commitment; and cooperation between groups and nations. Case studies illustrating the important issue of international cooperation are also included. The chapters are integrated by a series of useful editorials which emphasise that a full understanding of cooperation and prosocial behaviour requires us to move between different levels of social complexity.
Table of Contents
Part I. Cooperation In Animals and Humans: 1.
Help, cooperation and trust in animals
2. Culture and cooperation
Part II. The Development of Prosocial
Propensities: 3. The development and
socialization of prosocial behaviour
4. Cross-cultural differences in
assertiveness/competition vs group
5. The development of prosocial behaviour in
large-scale collective societies
6. The learning of prosocial behaviour in
small-scale egalitarian societies: an
Part III. Structural and Personality
Determinants of Prosocial Behaviour: 7.
Situational and personality determinants of the
quantity and quality of helping
8. Perceiving the causes of altruism
10. Complications and complexity in the pursuit
Part IV. Trust, Cooperation and Commitment: 11.
The dynamics of interpersonal trust: resolving
uncertainty in the face of risk
12. Commitment old and new: social pressure and
individual choice in making relationships last
13. Cooperation in a microcosm: lessons from
14. Determinants of instrumental intra-group
Part V. Cooperation Between Groups: 15.
Changing assumptions about conflict and
16. Cooperation between groups
17. The role of UNESCO in the development of
18. USA/Soviet cooperation against terrorism:
19. USA policy towards the Soviet Union from
Carter to Bush.