Similarity and Analogical Reasoning


Similarity and Analogical Reasoning

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521389358
  • DDC分類 153.43

Full Description

Similarity and analogy are fundamental in human cognition. They are crucial for recognition and classification, and have been associated with scientific discovery and creativity. Successful learning is generally less dependent on the memorization of isolated facts and abstract rules than it is on the ability to identify relevant bodies of knowledge already stored as the starting point for new learning. Similarity and analogy play an important role in this process - a role that in recent years has received much attention from cognitive scientists. Any adequate understanding of similarity and analogy requires the integration of theory and data from diverse domains. This interdisciplinary volume explores current developments in research and theory from psychological, computational, and educational perspectives, and considers their implications for learning and instruction. Well-known cognitive scientists examine the psychological processes involved in reasoning by similarity and analogy, the computational problems encountered in simulating analogical processing in problem solving, and the conditions promoting the application of analogical reasoning in everyday situations.

Table of Contents

Similarity and analogical reasoning: a
synthesis Stella Vosniadou and Andrew Ortony
Part I. Similarity and the Structure of
Concepts: 1. Similarity, typicality, and
categorization Lance J. Rips
2. Similarity and decision making Edward E.
Smith and Daniel N. Osherson
3. Intraconcept similarity and its implications
for interconcept similarity Lawrence W. Barsalou
4. Two-tiered concept meaning, inferential
matching, and conceptual cohesiveness Ryszard
S. Michalski
5. From global similarities to kinds of
similarities: the construction of dimensions in
development Linda B. Smith
6. Comments on Part I. Psychological
essentialism Douglas Medin and Andrew Ortony
Part II. Analogical Reasoning: 7. The
mechanisms of analogical learning Dedre Genter
8. A computational model of analogical problem
solving Keith J. Holyoak and Paul R. Thagard
9. Use of analogy in production system
architecture John R. Anderson and Ross Thompson
10. Toward a microstructural account of human
reasoning David E. Rumelhart
11. Analogy and the exercise of creativity
Philip N. Johnson-Laird
12. Comments on Part II. Levels of description
in information-processing theories of analogy
Stephen E. Palmer
13. Comments on Part II. The role of
explanation in analogy
or, the curse of an alluring name Gerald Dejong
Part III. Similarity and Analogy in
Development, Learning and Instruction: 14.
Analogical learning and transfer: what
develops? Ann L. Brown
15. Analogical reasoning as a mechanism in
knowledge acquisition: a developmental
perspective Stella Vosniadou
16. Remindings in learning and instruction
Brian H. Ross
17. New approaches to instruction: because
wisdom can't be told John D. Bransford, Jeffery
J. Franks, Nancy J. Vye and Robert Sherwood
18. Multiple analogies for complex concepts:
antidotes for analogy-induced misconception in
advanced knowledge acquisition Rand J. Spiro,
Paul J. Feltovich, Richard L. Coulson and
Daniel K. Anderson
19. Comments on Part III. The activation and
acquisition of knowledge William F. Brewer
Afterword Allan Collins and Mark Burstein
Name index
Subject index.