Personal Health : Perspectives and Lifestyles (4 PCK PAP/)

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Personal Health : Perspectives and Lifestyles (4 PCK PAP/)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 556 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495111573
  • DDC分類 613

Table of Contents

    Introduction to Personal Health                1  (24)
Components of Wellness 2 (3)
Factors that Influence Health 3 (2)
Prevention 5 (7)
Leading Causes of Death 6 (6)
Summary 12 (1)
Personal Health Resources 13 (1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 13 (1)
Thinking about Health Issues 13 (1)
Selected Bibliography 14 (1)
Self Assessment 1.1: Wellness Checkup 15 (6)
Self Assessment 1.2: My Family Portrait 21 (4)
Personality and Emotional Health 25 (30)
Theories of Personality 26 (2)
Psychoanalytic Theory 26 (1)
Behavioral Psychology 26 (1)
Developmental Psychology 26 (1)
Humanistic Psychology 27 (1)
Personality Types 28 (3)
Type A, Type B, and Type C Personalities 28 (2)
Explanatory Style 30 (1)
Locus of Control 30 (1)
Shyness 31 (1)
Assessing Personality 31 (1)
Emotional Health 31 (2)
A True Perception of Reality 32 (1)
Adaptation to Change 32 (1)
Social Relationships 32 (1)
Vocational Satisfaction 32 (1)
Recreational Satisfaction 32 (1)
Spirituality 33 (1)
Mental/Emotional Disorders 33 (4)
Schizophrenia 34 (1)
Anxiety Disorders 34 (1)
Mood Disorders 35 (2)
Suicide 37 (3)
College and Suicide 40 (1)
Mental Health Professionals, Facilities, 40 (1)
Organizations, and Equal Access to Health
Insurance
Comprehensive Health Insurance Parity 41 (1)
Summary 41 (1)
Personal Health Resources 42 (1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 42 (1)
Thinking about Health Issues 43 (1)
Selected Bibliography 43 (2)
Self Assessment 2.1: Symptoms of 45 (2)
Depression
Self Assessment 2.2: Self-Esteem Checklist 47 (2)
Self Assessment 2.3: Assessing Hostility 49 (4)
Self Assessment 2.4: Tips to Improve Your 53 (2)
Mental Health-Every Day!
Stress and Health 55 (24)
The Science of Psychonueromimmunology 56 (1)
Stress in a Nutshell 56 (2)
Sources of Stress 58 (1)
The General Adaptation Syndrome 59 (3)
Alarm 60 (1)
Resistance 61 (1)
Exhaustion 62 (1)
Chronic Stress on the Body 62 (1)
Burnout 63 (1)
Hardiness 63 (1)
Commitment 63 (1)
Control 64 (1)
Challenge 64 (1)
What to Do about Stress 64 (6)
Meditation and Relaxation 64 (1)
Stress and Your Diet 64 (1)
Regular Exercise 64 (1)
Sleep 65 (1)
Massage 65 (1)
Visualization/Imagery 65 (1)
Managing Your Time 66 (1)
Adjust Attitudes 67 (1)
Journaling 68 (1)
Music Therapy 68 (1)
Hobbies 68 (1)
Progressive Relaxation 68 (1)
Biofeedback Training 68 (1)
Yoga 69 (1)
Humor Therapy 69 (1)
Aromatherapy 69 (1)
Summary 70 (1)
Personal Health Resources 70 (1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 71 (1)
Thinking about Health Issues 71 (1)
Selected Bibliography 71 (2)
Self-Assessment 3.1: How Stressed Are You? 73 (6)
Personal Relationships 79 (22)
Friendships 80 (1)
Communication 80 (1)
Intimacy and Sexuality 81 (2)
Gender Role and Gender Identity 82 (1)
Sexual Orientation 82 (1)
Sexual Deviations 82 (1)
Dating 83 (2)
Dating Violence 84 (1)
Date Rape 85 (1)
Marriage and Its Variations 85 (2)
Cohabitation 85 (1)
Types of Marriage 86 (1)
Sexual Intimacy in Marriage 86 (1)
Marriage and Health 87 (1)
Loss of Relationships 87 (1)
Divorce 88 (1)
Death of Partner 88 (1)
Parenting 88 (1)
Single Parents 89 (1)
Stepparents 89 (1)
Violence in Families 89 (5)
Intimate Partner Violence 90 (2)
Child Maltreatment---Child Abuse 92 (2)
Societal Violence 94 (2)
Crime and Violence on College Campuses 95 (1)
Victimizing Behaviors 95 (1)
Sexual Harassment and Stalking 96 (1)
Summary 96 (1)
Personal Health Resources 96 (1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 97 (1)
Thinking About Health Issues 97 (1)
Selected Bibliography 97 (2)
Self-Assessment 4.1: Are You in an 99 (2)
Abusive Relationship?
Human Sexuality, Contraception, and 101(46)
Reproduction
Male and Female Sexual Anatomy 102(4)
The Male Reproductive System 102(2)
The Female Reproductive System 104(2)
Common Disorders of the Reproductive 106(6)
System
Male Disorders 106(1)
Female Disorders 107(2)
Sexual Arousal and Response 109(1)
Sexual Problems 110(2)
Fertility Control 112(10)
Contraception 112(6)
Surgical Sterilization 118(2)
Fertility Awareness-Based Methods 120(1)
The ``Emergency'' Contraception (EC) 120(1)
Total Abstinence and Outercourse 121(1)
Coitus Interruptus 121(1)
Abortion 121(1)
Reproduction 122(13)
The Menstrual Cycle 122(1)
Conception 123(2)
Pregnancy 125(1)
Use of Antidepressant Medication 126(1)
(SSRIs) During Pregnancy
Prenatal Care 126(1)
Fetal Tests 127(1)
Gestation 127(2)
Birth 129(3)
Postpartum Period 132(1)
Complications of Pregnancy and Birth 132(3)
Maternal and Infant Mortality 135(1)
Infertility 136(2)
Causes 136(1)
Solutions 137(1)
Adoption 138(1)
Summary 138(1)
Personal Health Resources 139(1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 139(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 140(1)
Selected Bibliography 140(1)
Self Assessment 5.1: Test Your Knowledge 141(2)
of the Male Reproductive Anatomy
Self Assessment 5.2: Test Your Knowledge 143(2)
of the Female Reproductive Anatomy
Self Assessment 5.3: Which Contraceptive 145(2)
Is Best?
Communicable Diseases 147(50)
Classes of Pathogens 148(1)
The Course of Infectious Disease 149(1)
Exposure and Infection 149(1)
Incubation Period 149(1)
Prodromal Period 149(1)
Clinical Stage 150(1)
Recovery or Relapse 150(1)
Termination 150(1)
Routes of Invasion 150(1)
The Body's Defense Mechanism 150(3)
The First Response 150(1)
The Second Response 151(2)
Immunodeficiency 153(1)
Immunization 153(2)
Chronic Inflammation 155(1)
Common Infectious Diseases 155(29)
Common Cold 155(1)
Influenza 156(1)
Strep Throat 157(2)
Mononucleosis 159(1)
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 159(1)
Hepatitis 159(2)
Pneumonia 161(1)
Tuberculosis 161(1)
Lyme Disease 161(1)
Encephalitis and Meningitis 162(1)
Emerging and Reemerging Communicable 162(2)
Diseases and their Global Implications
Sexually Transmitted Infections 164(1)
HIV Infection and AIDS 165(10)
Syphilis 175(1)
Hepatitis B 176(1)
STDs That Cause Vaginitis, Cervicitis, 177(1)
and Urethritis
Chlamydia 178(1)
Gonorrhea 178(1)
Trichomoniasis 179(1)
Bacterial Vaginosis 180(1)
Candida 180(1)
Herpes 181(1)
Genital Warts 182(1)
Pubic Lice 183(1)
Scabies 183(1)
Lymphogranuloma Venerum 183(1)
Reducing the Risk for STDs 184(1)
Diagnosis, Treatment, and Other Concerns 184(1)
Summary 184(2)
Personal Health Resources 186(1)
It's Your Turn For Study and Review 187(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 187(1)
Selected Bibliography 188(3)
Self Assessment 6.1: Are You Up-to-Date 191(2)
on Your Immunizations?
Self Assessment 6.2: How Much Do You Know 193(2)
about AIDS?
Self Assessment 6.3: Are You at Risk for 195(2)
HIV Infection?
Noncommunicable Diseases 197(46)
Cancer 198(12)
The Mechanism of Cancer 198(1)
Ethnicity and Cancer 199(1)
Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer 200(1)
Representative Cancers: An Overview 201(8)
Cancer Prevention 209(1)
Diseases of the Respiratory System 210(3)
Bronchitis 211(1)
Emphysema 212(1)
Hay Fever 212(1)
Asthma 213(1)
Blood Disorders 213(3)
Anemia 214(1)
Sickle Cell Disease 214(2)
A Disease of the Metabolism: Diabetes 216(6)
Types of Diabetes 216(1)
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes 217(1)
Control of Diabetes 218(1)
Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases 219(2)
Other Rheumatic Conditions 221(1)
Skin Conditions 222(2)
Pseudofolliculitis 222(1)
Vitiligo 222(1)
Keloids or Cicatrices 223(1)
Disorders of the Digestive Tract 224(2)
Neurological Disorders 226(2)
Headaches 226(2)
Seizure Disorders 228(1)
Summary 228(1)
Personal Health Resources 229(1)
It's Your Turn For Study and Review 229(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 229(1)
Selected Bibliography 230(3)
Self Assessment 7.1: Cancer: Assessing 233(8)
Your Risk
Self Assessment 7.2: Are You at Risk for 241(2)
Diabetes?
Cardiovascular Disease 243(22)
The Cardiovascular System 244(1)
Major Risk Factors for Cardiovascular 245(1)
Disease
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) 245(3)
Atherosclerosis 248(2)
Blood Lipids 248(1)
Cigarette Smoking 249(1)
Lack of Exercise 250(1)
Contributing Risk Factors 250(1)
Disorders of the Heart 250(8)
Heart Attack (Acute Myocardial 250(1)
Infarction)
Heart Attack---It's Different for Women 251(1)
Angina Pectoris 251(1)
Arrhythmias 252(1)
Sudden Cardiac Death 253(1)
Congestive Heart Failure 253(1)
Rheumatic Heart Disease 254(1)
Congenital Heart Defects 254(1)
Other Heart Conditions 254(1)
Diagnosis 255(1)
Treatments 256(1)
Stroke 257(1)
Summary 258(1)
Personal Health Resources 259(1)
It's Your Turn For Study and Review 260(1)
Thinking About Health Issues 260(1)
Selected Bibliography 260(3)
Self Assessment 8.1 263(2)
The Basics of Nutrition 265(52)
Nutrition and Nutrients 266(1)
The Process of Digestion 267(1)
The Energy Nutrients 267(9)
Fiber 269(1)
Dietary Fat 270(2)
Lecithin 272(1)
Cholesterol (Sterols) 273(1)
Triglycerides 274(1)
Cholesterol Testing 274(1)
Proteins 275(1)
The Regulatory Nutrients 276(10)
Water 276(2)
Vitamins 278(4)
Minerals 282(4)
Nutritional Guidelines for Health 286(24)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 287(2)
MyPyramid 289(6)
Nutrition Facts on Food Labels 295(1)
Portions and Servings 295(2)
Functional Foods 297(1)
Discretionary Calories 297(1)
Ethnic Cuisines 297(2)
Nutrition and Gender 299(1)
Eating for the College Student 299(2)
Fast Food and Junk Food 301(1)
Suggestions 301(1)
Dietary Supplements 302(1)
Vitamins and Minerals 302(1)
Liquid Supplements 303(2)
Food Additives and Food Allergies 305(1)
Food Intoxication 306(2)
Pesticides and Irradiation 308(1)
Organic Foods 308(1)
Genetically Modified Foods 309(1)
Nutrition Fraud 309(1)
Summary 310(1)
Personal Health Resources 310(1)
It's Your Turn For Study and Review 311(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 311(1)
Selected Bibliography 311(2)
Self Assessment 9.1: Fruits and 313(2)
Vegetables in Your Diet
Self Assessment 9.2: Healthy Nutrition 315(2)
Analysis
Weight Management 317(38)
The Image of Healthy Weight 319(1)
Overweight or Obese 319(1)
Effects of Obesity 320(1)
Children and Adolescents 320(1)
Gender 320(1)
Body Composition and Metabolic Rate 321(13)
Factors Contributing to Weight Problems 322(3)
Diets and Dieting 325(4)
Eating Disorders 329(5)
Assessing Your Body Composition 334(4)
Body Mass Index 334(2)
Figuring Healthy Body Weight 336(1)
Waist Circumference (WC) 336(1)
Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR) 337(1)
Hydrostatic Weighing 337(1)
Skinfold Measurement 337(1)
Whole Body Counting 338(1)
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis 338(1)
Girth and Circumference Measures 338(1)
Air Displacement 338(1)
Soft-Tissue Roentgenogram 338(1)
Total Body Electrical Conductivity 338(1)
The Role of Physical Activity 338(3)
Exercise Intensity 339(1)
Passive Exercise 339(2)
Weight Management 341(3)
Weight Maintenance 341(1)
Weight Loss 341(1)
Weight Gain 342(1)
Attitude and Behavior Modification 342(2)
Summary 344(1)
Personal Health Resources 345(1)
It's Your Turn For Study and Review 345(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 346(1)
Selected Bibliography 346(1)
Self Assessment 10.1: Calculating 347(2)
Recommended Body Weight
Self Assessment 10.2: Determining Caloric 349(2)
Needs
Self Assessment 10.3: Calculating 351(2)
Waist-to-Hip Ratio
Self Assessment 10.4: Chart Your Eating 353(2)
Habits
Physical Activity and Health 355(44)
Benefits of Physical Activity 357(2)
Training Principles 359(2)
Frequency 359(1)
Intensity 360(1)
Time (Duration) 360(1)
Type of Activity (Specificity) 360(1)
How Much Exercise is Enough? 360(1)
Phases of Exercise 361(1)
Warm-Up 361(1)
Aerobic Activity 361(1)
Cool-Down 361(1)
Your Life-Time Plan 362(1)
Fitness Training Principles 362(1)
Cardiorespiratory Endurance 362(4)
Principles and Concepts of Aerobic 364(1)
Exercise
Resting Heart Rate 364(1)
Target Heart Rate 364(1)
Rate of Perceived Exertion 365(1)
Assessment of Cardiorespiratory Fitness 366(1)
Flexibility 366(3)
Types of Stretching 367(2)
Assessment of Flexibility 369(1)
Muscular Strength and Endurance 369(7)
Types of Muscular Contractions 373(1)
Assessment of Muscular Strength and 374(1)
Endurance
Valsalva Effect 374(1)
Anabolic Steroids 374(1)
Ergogenic Aids 374(2)
Conditions and Clothing for Physical 376(1)
Activity
Exercise-Related Injuries and Conditions 377(3)
Heat-Related Concerns 378(1)
Cold-Related Concerns 378(1)
Prices Concept for Treatment of Injury 379(1)
Heat Treatment 380(1)
Exercise for People with Special Needs 380(1)
Exercise for Older Adults 381(1)
Backache 381(1)
Safety Guidelines 381(1)
Fitness Products and Facilities 382(2)
Fitness Equipment 382(1)
Health and Fitness Clubs 382(2)
Health and Physical Activity Prescription 384(2)
Summary 386(1)
Personal Health Resources 386(1)
It's Your Turn For Study and Review 387(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 387(1)
Selected Bibliography 387(4)
Self Assessment 11.1: Physical Activity 391(2)
Checklist
Self Assessment 11.2: Calculate Your 393(2)
Target Heart Training Zone
Self Assessment 11.3: Counting Your Heart 395(2)
Rate
Self Assessment 11.4: Total Fitness: How 397(2)
Do You Rate?
Psychoactive Drugs and Medications 399(34)
Prevalence 401(1)
A Reason for Drugs? 401(1)
Drug Routes of Administration 402(1)
Drugs and How They Affect the Brain 402(2)
Narcotics 404(2)
Opium 404(1)
Morphine 404(1)
Heroin 404(1)
Codeine 405(1)
Other Narcotics 405(1)
Depressants 406(2)
Sedative-Hypnotics 406(2)
Stimulants 408(5)
Cocaine/Crack 408(2)
Amphetamines 410(1)
Methamphetamines 411(1)
Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and Other 412(1)
Stimulants
Caffeine 412(1)
Cannabis 413(2)
Hashish and Hash Oil 415(1)
Hallucinogens and Psychedelics 416(1)
Mescaline and Peyote 416(1)
LSD 416(1)
Psychedelic Mushrooms 416(1)
Dissociative Anesthetics 417(1)
PCP 417(1)
Ketamine 417(1)
Inhalants 418(2)
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids 420(1)
Designer Drugs (China White, MDMA) 421(1)
Over-the-Counter Drugs 421(1)
Drug Addiction/Drug Treatment 422(4)
Treatment Modalities 423(1)
Nondrug Therapies 423(1)
Therapeutic Communities 423(3)
Self-help Groups 426(1)
Private Medical Professionals 426(1)
Summary 426(1)
Personal Health Resources 426(1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 427(1)
Selected Bibliography 427(2)
Self Assessment 12.1 Drugs: Can You Tell 429(2)
the Difference?
Self Assessment 12.2 Are you an Addict? 431(2)
Alcohol and Tobacco 433(30)
Alcohol Use 434(11)
Prevalence 434(1)
Genetic Influences 435(1)
Blood Alcohol Concentration 435(1)
Drinking and Driving 436(1)
Social Effects of Drinking Alcohol 437(2)
Physical Effects of Drinking Alcohol 439(1)
Chronic Effect of Alcohol Use 440(4)
Alcohol Abuse Disorders 444(1)
Treatment, Intervention, and Prevention 444(1)
Programs
Organizations Dealing with Alcoholism 444(1)
Tobacco Use 445(10)
Why People Use Tobacco 445(1)
Prevalence of Smoking 445(1)
Adolescent Smokers 446(1)
Smokeless Tobacco 447(1)
Cigars and Pipes 447(1)
Components of Tobacco 448(1)
Adverse Effects of Tobacco 449(5)
How to Quit 454(1)
Summary 455(1)
Personal Health Resources 456(1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 456(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 457(1)
Selected Bibliography 457(2)
Self Assessment 13.1 Why Do You Smoke? 459(2)
Self Assessment 13.2 Audit 461(2)
Aging, Dying, and Death 463(30)
A Profile of Aging 464(1)
Life Expectancy 464(1)
Age Determination 465(1)
Disorders Related to Aging 466(2)
Sexual Functioning 466(1)
Menopause 467(1)
Depression 468(1)
Brain Health 468(1)
Common Diseases and Conditions in Older 468(5)
People
Diabetes 469(1)
Osteoporosis 470(1)
Alzheimer's Disease 470(2)
Parkinson's Disease 472(1)
Urinary Incontinence 472(1)
Influenza and Pneumonia 473(1)
Healthy Aging 473(2)
Good Nutrition 473(1)
Healthy Weight 474(1)
Regular Physical Activity 474(1)
Mind Power 474(1)
Tobacco Use 474(1)
Alcohol Use 475(1)
Medical Care 475(1)
Medical Cost 476(1)
Caregiving 476(1)
Injury Prevention and Safety in the Later 476(1)
Years
Planning for the Later Years 477(2)
Facing Financial Challenges 477(2)
Definitions of Death 479(1)
Dying 480(4)
The Right to Die 480(1)
Advanced Preparation for Medical Crises 481(1)
causing Death
Advance Direction 481(2)
The Holographic Will 483(1)
Hospice Care 483(1)
Organ Donations 483(1)
Death 484(1)
Summary 484(1)
Personal Health Resources 484(1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 485(1)
Selected Bibliography 485(2)
Self Assessment 14.1: How Well Will I Age 487(2)
Self Assessment 14.2: Osteoporosis: Can 489(2)
It Happen to You?
Self Assessment 14.3: Calculate How Long 491(2)
You Will Live
Consumerism and Environmental Health 493(34)
Being a Smart Health Consumer 494(1)
Self-Care 494(1)
Home Health Tests 495(1)
Access to Health Care 495(1)
Health Care Practitioners 495(6)
Physicians 496(1)
Hospitalists 496(1)
Family Practitioners 497(1)
Choosing a Physician 497(1)
The Health Examination 497(1)
Multicultural Concerns 498(1)
Other Practitioners 498(3)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine 501(1)
How to Choose Health Care Facilities 502(1)
Prescription Medication 503(2)
Avoiding Problems with Prescription 504(1)
Drugs
Brand-Name Versus Generic Medication 504(1)
Online Pharmacies 504(1)
Consumer Financing: Who Pays for Health 505(3)
Care?
Affordable Health Care 506(1)
Health Insurance 506(1)
Private Fee-for-Service Plans or 506(1)
Indemnity Plans
Managed-Care Plans 507(1)
Health Savings Account 507(1)
Public and Governmental Plans 508(1)
Medical Quackery and Health Care Fraud 508(1)
Caveat Emptor (Let the Buyer Beware) 508(1)
Nutritional Fraud 509(1)
Agencies that Protect Consumers 509(1)
Governmental or Official Agencies 509(1)
Nongovernmental and Voluntary Agencies 510(1)
Protecting Environmental Health 510(8)
Air Pollution 510(2)
Indoor Air Pollution 512(2)
Water Pollution 514(1)
Safety of Water Supply 514(1)
Noise Pollution 514(1)
Chemicals and Pesticides 515(1)
Radiation and Electromagnetic Fields 516(1)
Waste Disposal 516(2)
Food Safety 518(3)
Other Food Safety Issues 519(2)
Summary 521(1)
Personal Health Resources 521(1)
It's Your Turn for Study and Review 522(1)
Thinking about Health Issues 523(1)
Selected Bibliography 523(2)
Self Assessment 15.1: Are You a Savvy 525(2)
Health Consumer?
Appendix A National Health Information Center 527(5)
2007 National Health Observances
Appendix B Eat a Variety of Fruits and Veggies 532(3)
Every Day
Glossary 535(10)
Photo Credits 545(2)
Index 547