Conflict and Consensus in American Politics : 2006-2007 Election Update (1ST)

  • ポイントキャンペーン

Conflict and Consensus in American Politics : 2006-2007 Election Update (1ST)

  • ただいまウェブストアではご注文を受け付けておりません。 ⇒古書を探す
  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 682 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495104438
  • DDC分類 324

Full Description


American Government courses are constantly changing because of world events and the political cycle. As you know, we just went through an election cycle that determined many governor races as well as the party in control of Congress. We incorporate all of these major changes in this new edition. In addition, there are other current issues covered in this new edition including issues of immigration, education, and the tensions of the federalist system. "Conflict and Consensus in American Politics" uses its titled theme to underscore both real life politics as well as the theory behind how American Politics is supposed to work. The book's organizational framework, as well as features in each chapter, makes these connections clear to you as the reader, stopping you along the way to quiz you on how well you understand the material before you move on. From this text, you should also gain an accurate and positive view of how and why politics and government in the US works.

Table of Contents

The Politics of American Democracy: An             xviii
Introduction
Conflict and Consensus in American 2 (30)
Politics: An Introductory Discussion
Introduction: President Lawrence Summers 3 (1)
Speaks His Mind
American Political Beliefs 4 (8)
Basic Values and Beliefs 6 (4)
Consensus, Conflict, and Apathy 10 (2)
The Theory of American Democracy 12 (5)
The Role of Politics 12 (2)
The Relationship Between the People and 14 (3)
Their Government
Components of Democratic Government 17 (9)
Public Inputs 18 (2)
The Mechanism of Government 20 (3)
Outputs: Public Policy 23 (3)
Politics in Action: Illegal Immigration 26 (6)
and American Democracy
Summary 28 (1)
Key Terms 29 (1)
Discussion Questions 29 (1)
Topics for Debate 29 (1)
Where on the Web? 30 (1)
Selected Readings 30 (1)
Notes 30 (2)
The Constitution: A Framework for Conflict 32 (34)
Resolution
Introduction: The Controversy over 33 (3)
Same-Sex Marriages
The Founders' Constitution 36 (10)
The Revolutionary Background 36 (3)
The Articles of Confederation 39 (1)
The Constitutional Convention 39 (1)
Basic Compromises 40 (2)
Ratification 42 (2)
The Constitution: Democratic or 44 (2)
Reactionary?
Enduring Ideas and Essential Tensions: 46 (7)
Consensus and Conflict
Popular Sovereignty 46 (1)
Limited Government 47 (1)
Individual Rights 48 (1)
Separation of Powers 49 (1)
Federalism 50 (1)
Judicial Review 51 (2)
The Living Constitution 53 (7)
Amending the Constitution 54 (2)
Interpreting the Constitution 56 (4)
Politics in Action: Government and the 60 (6)
Ten Commandments
Summary 62 (1)
Key Terms 63 (1)
Discussion Questions 63 (1)
Topics for Debate 63 (1)
Where on the Web? 63 (1)
Selected Readings 64 (1)
Notes 64 (2)
Federalism in Theory and in Practice 66 (42)
Introduction: Federalism: Consensus in 67 (3)
Theory, Controversy in Practice
Federalism as a Political Issue 70 (1)
The Changing Nature of American Federalism 71 (11)
National Supremacy Versus State Rights, 71 (2)
1787--1865
Redefining State and National Roles, 73 (1)
1865--1933
Expansion of the Federal Government, 74 (2)
1933--1968
From Grants-in-Aid to Mandates and 76 (1)
Regulations, 1968--1994
Devolution Federalism, 1994--? 77 (5)
Federal--State--Local Relations: Power 82 (10)
and Politics
National Regulation of States and 82 (2)
Localities
Grants-in-Aid 84 (8)
State and Local Influences on National 92 (4)
Policymaking
Grantsmanship 93 (1)
The Intergovernmental Lobby 94 (2)
Federalism in Action: Setting National 96 (3)
Standards for Alcohol Consumption
Politics in Action: National Versus State 99 (9)
Rights: Who's in Charge?
Summary 101 (2)
Key Terms 103 (1)
Discussion Questions 103 (1)
Topics for Debate 103 (1)
Where on the Web? 104 (1)
Selected Readings 104 (1)
Notes 104 (4)
Issues of Freedom, Equity, and Justice 108 (48)
Introduction: Flag Burning and Free Speech 109 (2)
Freedom of Speech 111 (8)
Protected Speech 112 (2)
Unprotected Speech 114 (3)
Symbolic Expression and Conduct 117 (2)
Religion and the Constitution 119 (5)
Establishment of Religion 119 (1)
Separation of Church and State 119 (1)
Accommodating Church and State 120 (1)
The Exercise of Religion 121 (3)
The Quest for Equality 124 (10)
The Extension of Voting Rights 124 (1)
Redistricting and Equal Representation 125 (1)
Ending Racial Discrimination 126 (1)
The Brown Decision 126 (2)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 128 (1)
School Integration 128 (2)
Nonracial Discrimination 130 (1)
Minimal Versus Strict Scrutiny 130 (1)
The Exacting Scrutiny Test 130 (1)
Affirmative Action 131 (3)
Justice for All 134 (11)
Due Process of Law 134 (2)
Unreasonable Searches and Seizures 136 (1)
Government Interrogations 137 (1)
Grants of Immunity 138 (1)
Plea Bargaining 138 (1)
Limits on Police 138 (1)
The Miranda Warnings 139 (1)
Right to Counsel 139 (1)
Other Protections 140 (2)
The Supreme Court's 2005--2006 Term: 142 (3)
Major Decisions
Politics in Action: Should the Death 145 (11)
Penalty Be Abolished?
Summary 148 (1)
Key Terms 149 (1)
Key Constitutional Law Cases 150 (1)
Discussion Questions 151 (1)
Topics for Debate 151 (1)
Where on the Web? 151 (1)
Selected Readings 152 (1)
Notes 152 (4)
Political Socialization, Public Opinion, 156 (46)
and Participation
Introduction: Social Security: The Public 157 (4)
Takes a Stand
The Development of Political Orientations 161 (10)
and Attitudes
Genetic Predispositions 161 (1)
The Socialization Process 162 (5)
Agents of Political Socialization 167 (4)
Political Belief Systems 171 (8)
Liberalism and Conservatism 171 (3)
Beliefs About Democratic Government 174 (5)
Public Opinion and Democratic Governance 179 (7)
Determining Public Opinion 183 (2)
The Hazards of Polling 185 (1)
Public Knowledge 186 (2)
Public Opinion and Political Participation 188 (4)
Politics in Action: Public Opinion and 192 (10)
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Summary 194 (2)
Key Terms 196 (1)
Discussion Questions 196 (1)
Topics for Debate 196 (1)
Where on the Web? 197 (1)
Selected Readings 197 (1)
Notes 198 (4)
Political Interest Groups 202 (34)
Introduction: Lobbying for Firearms: The 203 (3)
Power of the NRA
Individuals, Groups, and Society 206 (1)
The Origins and Evolution of Political 207 (3)
Interest Groups
Theories of Group Formation 207 (1)
The Proliferation of Group Activities 208 (2)
Sources of Group Influence 210 (3)
Electoral Activity 213 (4)
Lobbying 217 (11)
Types of Lobbying 218 (2)
Targets of Lobbying 220 (4)
Changes in Lobbying and Lobbyists 224 (2)
Regulation of Lobbying 226 (2)
Consequences of the Group Struggle 228 (2)
Politics in Action: The Struggle Between 230 (6)
the Forces of Energy and the Environment
Summary 232 (1)
Key Terms 233 (1)
Discussion Questions 233 (1)
Topics for Debate 233 (1)
Where on the Web? 233 (1)
Selected Readings 234 (1)
Notes 234 (2)
Political Parties 236 (40)
Introduction: The Politicalization of the 237 (2)
Christian Coalition
The Nature of American Political Parties 239 (5)
The Major Parties 240 (1)
Minor Parties 241 (3)
A Brief History of the Two-Party System 244 (10)
The Development of National Parties, 245 (1)
1789--1824
The Regionalization of Parties, 246 (1)
1828--1852
The Civil War and Its Aftermath, 247 (1)
1856--1892
The Republican Era, 1896--1928 247 (3)
The Roosevelt Realignment, 1932--1968 250 (1)
The Composition of the Major Parties 250 (4)
Today
Party Organization 254 (6)
The National Level 254 (3)
The State Level 257 (1)
The Local Level 258 (2)
Parties and Elections 260 (2)
Primary Elections 260 (1)
Modern Campaigns 261 (1)
Parties and Governance 262 (6)
Determining the Party's Positions 262 (1)
Converting Positions into Public Policy 263 (1)
Partisan Influence on the Legislature 264 (1)
Partisan Influence on the Executive and 265 (3)
the Judiciary
Politics in Action: Reforming the 268 (8)
Nomination Process: The Democrats Try
Again
Summary 270 (1)
Key Terms 271 (1)
Discussion Questions 271 (1)
Topics for Debate 272 (1)
Where on the Web? 272 (1)
Selected Readings 273 (1)
Notes 273 (3)
Campaigns and Elections 276 (48)
Introduction: Campaigns, Collusion, and 277 (3)
Conscience: The Cases of Tom DeLay and
Joe Lieberman
Issues of Democratic Elections 280 (7)
Suffrage: Who Should Be Able to Vote? 280 (1)
How Should Elections Be Structured and 281 (2)
Conducted?
Should Citizens Be Able to Spend as 283 (4)
Much as They Desire in Political
Campaigns?
The American Voter 287 (5)
Who Votes and Why? 288 (2)
Why Do People Vote in Certain 290 (1)
Identifiable Ways?
Models of Decision Making 291 (1)
The Campaign for Office 292 (14)
The Presidential Nomination Process 292 (5)
The Presidential Election 297 (1)
Nonpresidential Nominations and 298 (8)
Elections
Direct Democracy: Initiatives and 306 (1)
Referenda
Assessing the Meaning of Elections 307 (6)
Contemporary Presidential Elections 307 (2)
The 2006 Midterm Elections 309 (3)
Congressional Elections 312 (1)
Elections and Governance 313 (2)
Politics in Action: Bush v. Gore---The 315 (9)
Issues and Who Really Won
Summary 317 (2)
Key Terms 319 (1)
Discussion Questions 319 (1)
Topics for Debate 319 (1)
Where on the Web? 319 (1)
Selected Readings 320 (1)
Notes 320 (4)
Media and Politics 324 (44)
Introduction: News Coverage of the War in 325 (2)
Iraq
The Role of the News Media 327 (6)
Democracy and a Free Press 328 (3)
Capitalism and a Fair Press 331 (2)
A Brief History of the News Media in 333 (11)
America
Print Media: Newspapers 333 (1)
Electronic Media 334 (10)
Politics and the News Media 344 (8)
The News Slant 344 (4)
Manipulation of the News 348 (2)
The Effect of the Media on Electoral 350 (2)
Politics
Government and the News Media 352 (4)
Coverage of the President 353 (1)
Coverage of Congress 354 (1)
Coverage of the Judiciary 355 (1)
The Effect of the News Media on People 356 (3)
and Their Government
Politics in Action: Private Behavior and 359 (9)
the Public Interest
Summary 362 (1)
Key Terms 363 (1)
Discussion Questions 363 (1)
Topics for Debate 363 (1)
Where on the Web? 364 (1)
Selected Readings 364 (1)
Notes 364 (4)
Congress 368 (44)
Introduction: President Bush Proposes a 369 (2)
Faith-Based Initiative to a Republican
Congress
The Institution of Congress 371 (5)
The Members of Congress 372 (1)
The Work Environment 372 (4)
The Organization of Congress 376 (8)
Congressional Parties 377 (2)
Party Politics in Congress 379 (2)
The Committee System 381 (3)
The Functions of Congress 384 (18)
Legislation 384 (8)
Representation 392 (3)
Administrative Oversight 395 (7)
Congressional Reform and Its Effect on 402 (2)
American Democracy
Politics in Action: The Case of the 404 (8)
Killed Crusader
Summary 407 (1)
Key Terms 408 (1)
Discussion Questions 408 (1)
Topics for Debate 409 (1)
Where on the Web? 409 (1)
Selected Readings 409 (1)
Notes 410 (2)
The Presidency 412 (46)
Introduction: Gaining Power from 413 (2)
Congress: The President's ``Fast-track''
Authority
The Powers of the Presidency 415 (9)
Constitutional Authority 416 (1)
The Evolution of Presidential Authority 416 (8)
Political Power 424 (5)
Going Public 425 (4)
The Institutional Presidency 429 (12)
The Executive Office of the President 430 (6)
Significant Others 436 (5)
The Personal Dimension 441 (4)
Physical Health 441 (1)
Character 442 (1)
Managerial Style 443 (1)
Cognition 443 (2)
Presidential Policymaking 445 (3)
Setting the Agenda 445 (1)
Getting It Enacted into Legislation 446 (1)
Implementing Policy in the Executive 446 (2)
Branch
Politics in Action: Presidential Decision 448 (10)
Making in Iraq: Which Bush Was Right?
Summary 452 (1)
Key Terms 453 (1)
Discussion Questions 453 (1)
Topics for Debate 454 (1)
Where on the Web? 454 (1)
Selected Readings 455 (1)
Notes 455 (3)
The Federal Bureaucracy 458 (38)
Introduction: Harvey Pitt and the 459 (2)
Security and Exchange Commission
The Organization of the Federal 461 (10)
Bureaucracy
Types of Organizational Structures 461 (6)
Staffing the Bureaucracy 467 (2)
The Executive Bureaucracy in Perspective 469 (2)
Functions of the Executive Bureaucracy 471 (12)
Implementation 472 (3)
Policymaking 475 (3)
Determinants of Bureaucratic Influence 478 (5)
Problems of Performance and Accountability 483 (6)
Legal Controls 484 (1)
Legislative Checks 484 (2)
Press Scrutiny 486 (1)
Popular Participation 486 (1)
Reform 487 (1)
The Adequacy of Controls 488 (1)
Politics in Action: Why Is Smokey the 489 (7)
Bear Crying?
Summary 492 (2)
Key Terms 494 (1)
Discussion Questions 494 (1)
Topics for Debate 494 (1)
Where on the Web? 495 (1)
Selected Readings 495 (1)
Notes 495 (1)
The Judiciary 496 (36)
Introduction: The Supreme Court Decides 497 (2)
and Divides: Should Cross Burning Be
Allowed?
Judicial Federalism 499 (5)
Federal Courts 499 (2)
District Courts 501 (1)
Appellate Courts 501 (1)
State Courts 501 (3)
The Power of Judicial Review 504 (6)
Political Questions 506 (1)
Judicial Review and Political Influence 507 (1)
Judicial Activism Versus Self-Restraint 508 (2)
How Judges Are Chosen 510 (5)
Appointment of Supreme Court Justices 512 (1)
Packing the Court 512 (3)
The Supreme Court 515 (5)
The Court's Caseload 515 (1)
Deciding What to Decide 516 (1)
Hearing and Discussing Cases 517 (1)
Writing Opinions 517 (3)
The Politics of Judicial Policymaking 520 (4)
Politics in Action: The Case of the 524 (8)
Unconfirmed Judge
Summary 527 (1)
Key Terms 528 (1)
Discussion Questions 528 (1)
Topics for Debate 529 (1)
Where on the Web? 529 (1)
Selected Readings 529 (1)
Notes 530 (2)
Domestic Policy 532 (46)
Introduction: Making Public Policy: The 533 (2)
Case of Prescription Drugs
Types of Policy 535 (2)
Impact-Based Classification 536 (1)
Stages of Policy Development 537 (5)
Problem Recognition 537 (1)
Policy Formulation and Adoption: Iron 538 (2)
Triangles and Issue Networks
Policy Implementation 540 (1)
Policy Evaluation 541 (1)
Policy Reconsideration or Termination 542 (1)
Politics and the Policy Process 542 (5)
Incrementalism 542 (1)
Major Policy Shifts 543 (1)
Mixed Results 544 (3)
Education Policy 547 (4)
Education in America: An Overview 547 (1)
Education Policy in the 1980s and 1990s 548 (2)
Education Policy in the Twenty-First 550 (1)
Century
Health and Social Welfare Policy 551 (10)
Social Welfare Programs: An Overview 553 (1)
Social Insurance 554 (2)
Unemployment Insurance 556 (1)
Public Assistance 557 (1)
The Politics of Social Welfare 558 (3)
Housing Policy 561 (3)
Housing Policy in the 1980s and 1990s 562 (1)
Housing in the Twenty-First Century 563 (1)
Environmental and Energy Policy 564 (9)
Clean Water 566 (1)
Clean Air 567 (1)
Energy Policy 568 (5)
Politics in Action: Where Do We Put 573 (5)
Nuclear Waste?
Summary 574 (1)
Key Terms 575 (1)
Discussion Questions 575 (1)
Topics for Debate 576 (1)
Where on the Web? 576 (1)
Selected Readings 576 (1)
Notes 577 (1)
International and National Security Policy 578 (38)
Introduction: Nuclear Proliferation and 579 (2)
U.S. Foreign Policy
Foreign and Defense Policymaking 581 (17)
The Conflict-Consensus Quandary in 581 (1)
National Security Policy
Foreign and National Security 582 (7)
Policymakers
Personal Diplomacy and Summit Meetings 589 (2)
Treaties and Executive Agreements 591 (1)
Participation in International 592 (1)
Organizations
Intelligence, Spying, and Covert 593 (1)
Operations
Armed Forces and National Security 594 (4)
The Evolution of National Security Policy 598 (10)
The Cold War 599 (1)
Nuclear Deterrence 600 (1)
Foreign Economic and Military Aid 601 (1)
Alliances 602 (1)
Military Force 602 (1)
Postcommunism and the Era of Uncertainty 603 (1)
The Fading of Communism 604 (1)
The Fracturing of Nation--States 604 (1)
Economic Interdependence 605 (3)
Terrorism and the New Demands of National 608 (2)
Security Policy
Politics in Action: To Intervene or Not: 610 (6)
The Cases of Bosnia and Rwanda
Summary 611 (2)
Key Terms 613 (1)
Discussion Questions 613 (1)
Topics for Debate 613 (1)
Where on the Web? 613 (1)
Selected Readings 614 (1)
Notes 614 (2)
Appendix A The Declaration of Independence 616 (2)
Appendix B The Constitution of the United 618 (11)
States of America
Appendix C From The Federalist Nos. 10 and 51 629 (5)
Appendix D Presidential Elections 634 (8)
Appendix E Party Control of Congress, 1901--2006 642 (2)
Appendix F United States Supreme Court 644 (3)
Justices, 1789--2006
Glossary 647 (14)
Index 661