初期日本における仏教聖人伝:行基伝説における共感のイメージ<br>Buddhist Hagiography in Early Japan : Images of Compassion in the Gyoki Tradition (Routledgegecurzon Studies in Asian Religion)

初期日本における仏教聖人伝:行基伝説における共感のイメージ
Buddhist Hagiography in Early Japan : Images of Compassion in the Gyoki Tradition (Routledgegecurzon Studies in Asian Religion)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 173 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415646291
  • DDC分類 294

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2005.

Full Description


Hagiographies or idealized biographies which recount the lives of saints, bodhisattvas and other charismatic figures have been the meeting place for myth and experience. In medieval Europe, the 'lives of saints' were read during liturgical celebrations and the texts themselves were treated as sacred objects. In Japan, it was believed that those who read the biographies of lofty monks would acquire merit. Since hagiographies were written or compiled by 'believers', the line between fantasy and reality was often obscured. This study of the bodhisattva Gyoki - regarded as the monk who started the largest social welfare movement in Japan - illustrates how Japanese Buddhist hagiographers chose to regard a single monk's charitable activities as a miraculous achievement that shaped the course of Japanese history.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   vii
Introduction: the bodhisattva Gyoki in the 1 (12)
broader hagiographic context
The subject matter of Buddhist hagiography 5 (1)
Popular veneration 6 (2)
Primary sources 8 (2)
Organization 10 (3)
1 The received biography of Gyoki 13 (15)
Western scholarship 14 (1)
Ancestral background 15 (3)
Ordination 18 (3)
Gyoki's education and mountain asceticism 21 (1)
The Imperial edict against Gyoki 22 (3)
Gyoki's construction projects 25 (1)
The Vairocana project and Gyoki's 26 (2)
promotion
2 The bodhisattva tradition and the 28 (19)
hagiographer's craft
The bodhisattva tradition in Japan 29 (3)
Gyoki in hagiographic studies 32 (1)
Gyoki's chronology 668-749 33 (2)
The earliest texts 35 (3)
Medieval hagiography 38 (6)
The Gyoki nenpu and its reliability 44 (3)
3 Gyoki and the Soniryo: violations of 47 (16)
early monastic regulations in Japan
The establishment of the Soniryo 48 (4)
Interpreting the Soniryo 52 (3)
Punishment in the Soniryo 55 (2)
The monastic power structure 57 (3)
Avoiding monastic punishment 60 (3)
4 Gyoki and the politics of the Nara court 63 (21)
Perspectives on the ritsuryo system 63 (2)
The beginning of Gyoki's charitable 65 (3)
activities
From condemnation to toleration 68 (3)
Emperor Shomu's wanderings and Gyoki's 71 (6)
activities
The Vairocana project and Gyoki's final 77 (7)
years
5 Gyoki's charitable projects 84 (13)
The question of influences 85 (2)
The field of merit 87 (2)
Charitable projects before Gyoki 89 (3)
Charitable projects after Gyoki 92 (5)
6 Gyoki and further developments in 97 (21)
Buddhist hagiography
Gyoki's ancestry 97 (4)
The fragmented accounts of the Nihon 101(4)
ryoiki
The proliferation of hagiography 105(4)
The longest biography 109(1)
Chiko: the monk who condemned Gyoki 110(5)
The rediscovery of Gyoki's grave 115(3)
Conclusion 118(7)
The implications of the bodhisattva title 119(5)
New directions 124(1)
Appendix 125(17)
Glossary of Japanese terms 142(4)
Notes 146(13)
Bibliography 159(7)
Index 166