『銃・病原菌・鉄:一万三千年にわたる人類史の謎』(原書)刊行20周年記念版<br>Guns, Germs, and Steel : The Fates of Human Societies (20 REP ANV)

『銃・病原菌・鉄:一万三千年にわたる人類史の謎』(原書)刊行20周年記念版
Guns, Germs, and Steel : The Fates of Human Societies (20 REP ANV)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 494 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780393354324
  • DDC分類 303.4

Full Description


Why did Eurasians conquer, displace, or decimate Native Americans, Australians, and Africans, instead of the reverse? In this "artful, informative, and delightful" (William H. McNeill, New York Review of Books) book, a classic of our time, evolutionary biologist Jared Diamond dismantles racist theories of human history by revealing the environmental factors actually responsible for its broadest patterns.The story begins 13,000 years ago, when Stone Age hunter-gatherers constituted the entire human population. Around that time, the developmental paths of human societies on different continents began to diverge greatly. Early domestication of wild plants and animals in the Fertile Crescent, China, Mesoamerica, the Andes, and other areas gave peoples of those regions a head start at a new way of life. But the localized origins of farming and herding proved to be only part of the explanation for their differing fates. The unequal rates at which food production spread from those initial centers were influenced by other features of climate and geography, including the disparate sizes, locations, and even shapes of the continents. Only societies that moved away from the hunter-gatherer stage went on to develop writing, technology, government, and organized religions as well as deadly germs and potent weapons of war. It was those societies, adventuring on sea and land, that invaded others, decimating native inhabitants through slaughter and the spread of disease.A major landmark in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way in which the modern world, and its inequalities, came to be.NER(01): ROW

Table of Contents

Preface to the Paperback Edition: Why Is World     9  (4)
History Like an Onion?
Prologue Yali's Question: The regionally 13 (22)
differing courses of history
PART ONE From Eden to Cajamarca
Chapter 1 Up to the Starting Line
What happened on all the continents 35 (17)
before 11,000 B.C.?
Chapter 2 A Natural Experiment of History
How geography molded societies on 52 (13)
Polynesian islands
Chapter 3 Collision at Cajamarca
Why the Inca emperor Atahuallpa did not 65 (16)
capture King Charles I of Spain
PART TWO The Rise and Spread of Food
Production
Chapter 4 Farmer Power
The roots of guns, germs, and steel 81 (8)
Chapter 5 History's Haves and Have-Nots
Geographic differences in the onset of 89 (11)
food production
Chapter 6 To Farm or Not to Farm
Causes of the spread of food production 100(9)
Chapter 7 How to Make an Almond
The unconscious development of ancient 109(17)
crops
Chapter 8 Apples or Indians
Why did peoples of some regions fail to 126(25)
domesticate plants?
Chapter 9 Zebras, Unhappy Marriages, and
the Anna Karenina Principle
Why were most big wild mammal species 151(18)
never domesticated?
Chapter 10 Spacious Skies and Tilted Axes
Why did food production spread at 169(18)
different rates on different continents?
PART THREE From Food to Guns, Germs, and Steel
Chapter 11 Lethal Gift of Livestock
The evolution of germs 187(19)
Chapter 12 Blueprints and Borrowed Letters
The evolution of writing 206(23)
Chapter 13 Necessity's Mother
The evolution of technology 229(25)
Chapter 14 From Egalitarian Ism to
Kleptocracy
The evolution of government and religion 254(29)
PART FOUR Around the World in Six Chapters
Chapter 15 Yali's People
The histories of Australia and New Guinea 283(25)
Chapter 16 How China Became Chinese
The history of East Asia 308(12)
Chapter 17 Speedboat to Polynesia
The history of the Austronesian expansion 320(19)
Chapter 18 Hemispheres Colliding
The histories of Eurasia and the Americas 339(22)
compared
Chapter 19 How Africa Became Black
The history of Africa 361(25)
Chapter 20 Who Are the Japanese?
The history of Japan 386(23)
Epilogue The Future of Human History as a 409(24)
Science
2017 Afterword: Rich and Poor Countries in 433(12)
Light of Guns, Germs, and Steel
Acknowledgments 445(2)
Further Readings 447(28)
Credits 475(2)
Index 477