自由と良心:南北戦争中アメリカの良心的反戦論者のドキュメント史<br>Liberty and Conscience : A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

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自由と良心:南北戦争中アメリカの良心的反戦論者のドキュメント史
Liberty and Conscience : A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 208 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780195151213
  • DDC分類 973.78

基本説明

A dramatic, powerful portrait of early American pacifism, Liberty and Conscience presents not only the thought and practice of the objectors themselves, but also the response of the authorities and the general public.

Full Description

Although the act of conscientious objection entered modern consciousness largely as a result of the Vietman War, Americans have, in fact, long struggled to reconcile their politics and pacifist beliefs with compulsory military service. While conscientious objection in the twentieth century has been well documented, there has been surprisingly little study of its long history in America's early conflicts, defined as these have been by accounts of patriotism and
nation-building. During the period of conscription from the late 1650s to the end of the Civil War, many North Americans refused military service on moral grounds.
In this volume, Peter Brock, one of the foremost historians of American pacifism, seeks to remedy this oversight by presenting a rich and varied collection of documents, many drawn from obscure sources, that shed new light on American religious and military history. These include legal findings, church and meeting proceedings, appeals by nonconformists to government authorities, and illuminating excerpts from personal journals. These accounts contain many poignant, often painful, and sometimes
even humorous episodes that offer glimpses into the lives of conscientious objectors of the era.
One of the most striking features to emerge from these documents is the critical role of religion in the history of American pacifism. Brock finds that virtually all who refused military service in this period were inspired by religious convictions, with Quakers frequently the most ardent dissenters. Only in the antebellum period did the pacifist spectrum expand to include nonsectarians such as the famous abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, founder of the New England Non-Resistance Society. A
dramatic and powerful portrait of early American pacifism, Liberty and Conscience presents not only the thought and practice of the objectors themselves, but also the response of the authorities and the general public.

Contents

Part I: Colonial America
1: The First Quaker Conscientious Objectors in America, 1658
2: Rhode Island, 1673: "None to be compelled to train or fight against their consciences"
3: Witnessing to the Quaker Peace Testimony
4: Quakers and Naval Impressment
5: Conscientious Objectors in the French and Indian War
Part II: English West Indies
6: Militia "Sufferings" among Quakers
7: Alternative Service and the Quakers of Antigua
Part III: Revolutionary America
8: Quaker Militia Penalties
9: Dilemmas of a Quaker Tax and Paper Currency Objector
10: The German Peace Sects of Pennsylvania and the Draft
11: A Peace Sect Wrestles with the Problem of Hiring a Substitute
12: The Conscientious Objection of a Methodist Preacher
13: The Moravian Brethren and War
Part IV: Upper Canada
14: Legislative Exemption for Peace Sects
15: Quakers and Military Requisitions, 1810-1824
16: A Quaker Family in the War of 1812
17: Quaker Conscientious Objectors in Rural Upper Canada, 1840
Part V: The New Republic to Antebellum America
18: Continuing Quaker Witness against War, 1801-1824
19: A Quaker Petition against Militia Conscription, 1810
20: A Small-Sect Militia Objector
21: Pleas for Exemption of Nonsectarian Militia Objectors
22: William Lloyd Garrison as a Militia Objector
23: Should "Pacific Exempts" Pay Malitia Fines?
24: Nonsectarian Miltia Objectors in Jail
25: Dilemmas of Quaker Conscientious Objectors in Antebellum America
Part VI: Civil War America
26: A Garrisonian Mother and Her Draft-Age Sons
27: William Lloyd Garrison and His Son's Exemption from Military Drill at School
28: Conscript Dilemmas at the Hopedale Community
29: Draft Experiences of a Conscripted Shaker
30: The Civil War Diary of a Quaker Conscript
31: Trials of a Quaker Conscientious Objector in the Confederate Army
32: A Reluctant Conscientious Objector
33: A Consistent War-Tax Objector
34: A Monnonite Farmer Hires a Substitute
35: Brethren and Mennonites as Exiles from the Confederate Draft
36: Adventists Confront the Draft
37: A Disciple of Christ Goes the Second Mile
38: Christadelphians and the Draft