Early Responses to the Periodic System

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Early Responses to the Periodic System

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 322 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780190200077
  • DDC分類 346.8

Full Description

The reception of the periodic system of elements has received little attention. Many historians have studied Mendeleev's discovery of the periodic system, but few have analyzed how the scientific community perceived and employed it. American historian of science Stephen G. Brush concluded that the periodic law had been generally accepted in the United States and Britain and suggested the need to extend this study to other countries. Early Responses to the Periodic System is the first collection of comparative studies on the reception, response, and appropriation of the periodic system of elements. This book examines the history of pedagogy and popularization in scientific communities, educational sectors, and popular culture from the 1870s to the 1920s. Fifteen historians of science explore eleven countries (and one region) central to chemical research, including Russia, Germany, the Czech lands, and Japan, one of the fewnation-states outside the Western world to participate in nineteenth century scientific research. The collection, organized by nation-state, explores how local actors regarded the new discovery as law, classification, or theoretical interpretation. The section on France discusses how a small but significant group of authors, including Adolphe Wurtz and Edouard Grimaux, introduced the periodic system as support for the atomic theory-not as the final solution to the longstanding quest for a natural classification of elements. The chapter on Germany discusses the role of Lothar Meyer,also awarded The Davy Medal for the discovery of the periodic system. Meyer's role was considered less important, and he was forgotten in his home country, Germany where educational tradition was well established, and the periodic system was not used as a novel didactic approach. In addition to discussingthe appropriation of the periodic system, the collection examines metaphysical reflections of nature based on the periodic system outside of chemistry and considers how far we can push the categories of "response " and "reception. "

Table of Contents

List of Figures                            vii
List of Tables ix
Foreword xi
Acknowledgments xiii
List of Contributors xv
1 Introduction 1 (12)
PART I Discovery and Early Work on the
Periodic System
2 The Early Response to Mendeleev's 13 (34)
Periodic System in Russia
Mascmori Kaji
Nathan Brooks
3 The Periodic System and Its Influence on 47 (28)
Research and Education in Germany between
1870 and 1910
Gisela Boeck
PART II Early Response at the Center of
Chemical Research
4 British Reception of Periodicity 75 (28)
Gordon Woods
5 Mendeleev's Periodic Classification and 103 (18)
Law in French Chemistry Textbooks
Bernadette Bensaude Vincent
Antonio Garcia Belmar
PART III Response in the Central European
6 Nationalism and the Process of Reception 121 (32)
and Appropriation of the Periodic System in
Europe and the Czech Lands
Sona Strbanova
PART IV Response in the Northern European
Periphery (Scandinavian Countries)
7 When a Daring Chemistry Meets a Boring 153 (18)
Chemistry: The Reception of Mendeleev's
Periodic System in Sweden
Anders Lundgren
8 Reception and Early Use of the Periodic 171 (20)
System: The Case of Denmark
Helge Kragh
9 Ignored, Disregarded, Discarded? On the 191 (22)
Introduction of the Periodic System in
Norwegian Periodicals and Textbooks, c.
Annette Lykknes
PART V Response in the Southern European
10 Chemical Classifications, Textbooks, and 213 (27)
the Periodic System in Nineteenth-Century
Jose Ramon Bertomeu-Sanchez
Rosa Munoz-Bello
11 Echoes from the Reception of Periodic 240 (22)
Classification in Portugal
Isabel Malaquias
12 Popular Science, Textbooks, and 262 (21)
Scientists: The Periodic Law in Italy
Marco Ciardi
Marco Taddia
PART VI Response Beyond Europe
13 Chemical Classification and the Response 283 (22)
to the Periodic Law of Elements in Japan in
the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Masanori Kaji
Index 305