Sounding the Troposphere from Space : A New Era for Atmospheric Chemistry (2004. XXIX, 446 p. w. 202 figs. (135 col.).)

Sounding the Troposphere from Space : A New Era for Atmospheric Chemistry (2004. XXIX, 446 p. w. 202 figs. (135 col.).)

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  • 商品コード 9783540408734

Full Description


It is now possible to determine concentrations of trace constituents and pollutants in the lower atmosphere from space, a development which heralds a new era for tropospheric chemistry. The authors describe how to develop and validate methods for determining tropospheric trace constituents from satellite data, to encourage the use of these data by atmospheric chemists, and to explore the undoubted synergism which will develop between satellite and ground-based measurements, and will eventually give rise to a permanent observation system for the troposphere. The book comprises several comprehensive overviews, prepared by acknowledged experts in the field, together with a series of individual reports from investigators whose work represents the cutting edge of the subject. A variety of results, giving global distributions of several species and their modelling are reported. Most results stem from ESA satellite data, but there is also an account of the North American work in this field which has mainly concentrated on global distributions of ozone. It is fair to say that the field, as it develops, will revolutionize the way in which atmospheric chemistry is done.This timely book provides a good introduction for anyone with an interest in the future of the troposphere.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            v
Contents vii
List of Contributors xiii
1 TROPOSAT: the project and the scientific 1 (12)
highlights
Peter Borrell, John P. Burrows and Ulrich
Platt
1.1 Introduction 1 (1)
1.2 The aims of TROPOSAT 2 (1)
1.3 Some TROPOSAT scientific highlights and 2 (5)
activities
1.4 Policy-relevant results 7 (2)
1.5 Future perspectives and opportunities 9 (2)
1.6 TROPOSAT organisational activities 11 (1)
1.7 Further information 12 (1)
2 An Overview of the Scientific Activities and 13 (46)
Achievements
2.1 New algorithms for obtaining tropospheric 13 (16)
data from satellite measurements
Andreas Richter and Thomas Wagner
2.2 Applications of satellite data in 29 (6)
tropospheric research
Martin Dameris
2.3 Synergistic use of different 35 (8)
instrumentation and platforms for
tropospheric measurements
Paul S. Monks and Herman G.J. Smit
2.4 Validation and data assimilation for 43 (4)
tropospheric satellite data products
H.M. Kelder, R.F. van Oss, A. Piters and H.
Eskes
2.5 The use of data assimilation to augment 47 (4)
the utility of satellite data
Hendrik Elbern
2.6 Future space infrastructure 51 (4)
Albert P.H. Goede
2.7 Tropospheric Data from the United States 55 (4)
Jerry Ziemke
3 Development of Algorithms 59 (168)
3.1 Retrieval of Greenhouse and Related Gas 59 (6)
Parameters from SCIAMACHY/ENVISAT
Albert P.H. Goede
3.2 Aerosol Retrieval by the Introduction of 65 (12)
New Aerosol Classes and Optical Properties:
Methods and Climatology
Rodolfo Guzzi, W. Di Nicolantonio, G.
Ballista-and E. Carboni
3.3 Neural Network Ozone Profile Retrieval 77 (10)
System for GOME Spectra (NNORSY-GOME)
A.K. Kaifel, M.D. M ler, M. Weber and S.
Teilmann
3.4 Retrieval and Data Assimilation 87 (10)
Algorithm Development for Tropospheric Ozone
and NO2 from GOME and SCIAMACHY
R.J. van der A, F. Boersena, H.J. Eskes,
J.l. van Gent, H.M. Kelder, P. Leveli, A.J.
Segers, R.F. van Oss, G. van Soest and
P.J.M. Valks
3.5 Retrieval of Tropospheric Aerosol 97 (10)
Properties from Space using MISR Data
Johannes Keller
3.6 The Role of Polarisation Measurements in 107 (10)
Ozone Profile Retrieval from Back-scattered
Ultraviolet Sunlight
Jochen Landgraf and Otto P. Hasekamp
3.7 Retrieval of Aerosol Properties from 117 (8)
Satellite Data
Gerrit de Leeuw, Jolanta
Kusmierczyk-Michulec, Cristina Robles
Gonzalez and Rob Decae
3.8 Retrieval of CO Column and Profile Data 125 (12)
from the MOPITT Instrument on EOS-TERRA
John J. Remedios and Nigel A.D. Richards
3.9 Quantification of Tropospheric 137 (12)
Measurements from Nadir Viewing UV/Visible
Instruments
Andreas Richter, Hendrik N , Bj n-Martin
Sinnhuber, Thomas Wagner and John P. Burrows
3.10 Retrieval of Upper Tropospheric H2O from 149 (6)
CRISTA-2 Observations
Bernd Sch臟er and Martin Riese
3.11 Retrieval of Tropospheric Bro and NO2 155 (12)
from UV-Visible Observations
Michel Van Roozendael, C. Fayt, P. Post, C.
Hermans and J.C. Lambert
3.12 Retrievability of Upper Tropospheric 167 (14)
Species and Parameters from MIPAS/ENVISAT Data
Gabriele P. Stiller, Thomas von Clarmann,
Norbert Glatthor, Michael H fner, Sylvia
Kellmann, Evelyn Kimmich, Andrea Linden,
Mathias Milz, Tilman Steck, and Herbert
Fischer
3.13 Assessment of the Global Distribution of 181 (6)
Tropospheric OH Radical Production from GOME
Observations
Olaf N.E. Tuinder
3.14 A Ground Validation Station for the 187 (2)
Satellite-based Atmospheric Sensor
Instruments GOME and SCIAMACHY
Arnolds Ubelis, Edgars Smalins, Uldis Gross
and Janis Pukitc
3.15 Development of Satellite-derived 189 (10)
Information on Tropospheric Actinic Flux and
Aerosol Particulate Matter
Jean Verdebont, R馮is Borde and Peter Vogt
3.16 Case Studies for the Investigation of 199 (12)
Cloud Sensitive Parameters as Measured by COME
Thomas Wagner, Andreas Richter, Christoph
von Friedeburg, Mark Wenig and Ulrich Platt
3.17 Ozone Profile Retrieval from Broadband 211 (16)
Nadir UV/Visible Satellite Spectra: How
Accurate is the Tropospheric Profile?
Mark Weber, Klaus Bramsteds, Lok Lamsal,
Sandie Dhomse, Arief Darmawan, Kai
Eichmann, Astrid Bracher, Silvia Tellmann,
Vladimir Rozanov and John Burrows
4 Use of Satellite Data to understand 227 (64)
Atmospheric Processes
4.1 Tropospheric Aerosol Modelling 227 (4)
Maarten van Loon and Peter Builtjes
4.2 Validation of a Fully Coupled 231 (10)
Chemistry-Climate Model
Martin Dameris and Axel Lauer
4.3 Global Photochemical Model Evaluation 241 (10)
using GOME Tropospheric Column Data
Mark G. Lawrence, T. Kunhikrishnan and Rolf
von Kuhlmann
4.4 Construction and Analysis of Image 251 (4)
Sequences of Atmospheric Trace Gases
Mark Wenig, Thomas Wagner, Ulrich Platt and
Bernd J臧ne
4.5 Use of COME Measurements for the 255 (4)
Examination of the Nitrogen Oxide Budget in
the Troposphere
Franz Rohrer, Olaf Stein and Nicola Toenges
4.6 Use of Satellite Data to Constrain Ozone 259 (6)
Budgets in Global Tropospheric Chemistry
Models
N.H. Savage, A. Richter, F. Wittrock, A.
Ladstaetter-Weissemnayer, G. Edwards, J.
Remedios, K. Law, F. O Connor, J.A. Pyle
and J.P. Burrows
4.7 First Validation of Tropospheric NO2 265 (6)
Column Densities Retrieved from GOME by in
situ Aircraft Profile Measurements
Jorg Heland and Hans Schlager in
cooperation with Andreas Richter and John
P. Burrows
4.8 Determination of NO X Sources by 271 (10)
Combination of Satellite Images with
Transport Modelling
Andreas Stohl, Nicole Spichtinger, Steffen
Beine, Mark Wenig, Thomas Wagner and Ulrich
Platt
4.9 The Use of Space-borne Measurements and 281 (10)
the Ground-based Swiss Monitoring System for
Tracing Atmospheric Pollution
Andrea Weiss, Daniel Schaub and Peter Hofer
5 Synergistic Use of Different Instrumentation 291 (70)
and Platforms for Tropospheric Measurements
5.1 Comparing CARIBIC and Satellite Data 291 (6)
Carl A.M. Brenninkmeijer, Franz Sletur,
Andreas Zahn and P. Zimmermann
5.2 Studies of NO2 from Lightning and 297 (10)
Convective Uplifting using GOME Data
John P. Burrows, Andreas Richter and Lars
Hild
5.3 Scientific Applications of Satellite Data 307 (8)
within the Geophysics Research Community
A.R. MacKenzie and L. Stefanutti
5.4 Retrieval of Tropospheric Information 315 (12)
from Ground-based FTIR Observations,
Supported by Synergistic Exploitation of
Various Ground-based and Space-borne
Measurement Techniques and Data
Martine De Mazi鑽e and B. Barret
5.5 The Development of Multi-platform Methods 327 (10)
for Derivation of Tropospheric Composition
from Space
Roland J. Leigh, Gary K. Corlett and Paul
S. Monks
5.6 Control Mechanisms of Water Vapour in the 337 (8)
Upper Troposphere: Large Scale Subsidence in
Regions of Tropical Cb-Convection
Herman G.J. Smit, Susanne Nawrath, Dieter
Kley and Manfred Helten
5.7 Satellite plus Ground-based FTIR 345 (10)
Measurements for Tropospheric Studies:
Towards an Integrated Global Measurement
System (IGMS) and an Improved Validation
Strategy
Ralf Sussmann
5.8 Methodology for Using the MOZAIC Ozone 355 (6)
Climatology in Future Comparisons with Data
from SCIAMACHY Onboard ENVISAT
R馮ina Zbinden, Bastien Sauvage, Val駻ie
Thouret, Philippe N馘駘ec, Gilles Athier,
Jean Pierre Cammas and Jean Luc Atti 
6 Validation and Data Assimilation for 361 (56)
Tropospheric Satellite Data Products
6.1 Validation of CO and CH4 Retrieved from 361 (12)
SCIAMACHY
Anne Grete Straume, Ilse Aben, Henk Eskes,
John Gille, Maarten Krol, Ahilleas
Maurellis, Jan Fokke Meirink. Hans
Schrijver and Michiel van Weele
6.2 Database Support for Use and Usability of 373 (2)
Satellite Data
Bill Arlander
6.3 Emission Rate Estimates by Variational 375 (6)
Assimilation of Surface and Satellite Data
Hendrik Elbern
6.4 Satellite Validation using Ground-based 381 (10)
Spectroscopic Techniques
Bo Galle, Johan Mellgvist and Anders
Strandberg
6.5 Airborne in-situ Measurements of 391 (6)
Radiation, Aerosol Optical Properties and
Trace Gases for Evaluation of Remote Sensing
Techniques
Wolfgang Junkermann
6.6 Co-ordination of the Validation 397 (4)
Activities for SCIAMACHY
H. Kelder, U. Platt, P. Simon, A. Piters,
R. Timmermans, I. Aben, K. Bramstedt, J.P.
Burrows, C. Carry-Peyret, E. Hilsenrath, B.
Kerridge, B. Kirchhoff. K. Kunzi, J.-C.
Lambert, D. Perner, M. Riese, H. Smit, J.
Staehelin and D. Swart
6.7 A New Airborne DIAL System for 401 (6)
Tropospheric Ozone Measurements
Alexander Meister and Harald Flentje
6.8 Monitoring of the Variability and 407 (10)
Long-term Evolution of Tropospheric
Constituents by Infrared Solar Absorption
Spectrometry at the Jungfraujoch, Switzerland
Rodolphe Zander, Emmanuel Mahieu, Pierre
Duchatelet, Philippe Demoulin, Francine
M駘en and Christian Servais
Appendix 1 Tropospheric satellite data available 417 (4)
Appendix 2 Publications and Theses resulting 421 (14)
from TROPOSAT work
Appendix 3 Organisation of TROPOSAT 435 (4)
Index 439