Astrophysics Update (Springer Praxis Books in Astronomy and Space Science)

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Astrophysics Update (Springer Praxis Books in Astronomy and Space Science)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 300 p.
  • 商品コード 9783540406426

Full Description


Written by leading exponents in the field, this collection of timely reviews presents observational methods and the latest results of astronomical research as well as their theoretical foundations and interrelations, providing information and scientifically rigorous coverage.

Table of Contents

  1 Recent Advances in Understanding Star and
Planet Formation
I.N. Reid, S.L. Hawley 1 (20)
1.1 Introduction 1 (1)
1.2 Star Formation 1 (7)
1.3 Planet Formation 8 (8)
1.4 Summary 16 (1)
References 17 (4)
2 Exoplanets and Their Properties
H.R.A. Jones 21 (26)
2.1 Introduction 21 (1)
2.2 Finding Exoplanets 22 (6)
2.3 Properties of Exoplanets 28 (14)
2.4 The Future of Planet Searches 42 (1)
References 43 (4)
3 What Drives the Evolution of Close Binary
Stars? The Test Case of Cataclysmic Variables
C. Hellier 47 (14)
3.1 Introduction: The Need for Magnetic 47 (10)
Braking
3.2 Discussion 57 (2)
References 59 (2)
4 The Cosmic Distance Scale
S. Webb 61 (28)
4.1 Introduction 61 (2)
4.2 The Cosmological Distance Ladder 63 (10)
4.3 Geometrical Methods 73 (3)
4.4 Two Distance-Scale Puzzles 76 (4)
4.5 Future Developments 80 (1)
References 81 (8)
5 The Cosmic Microwave Background
A.H. Jaffe 89 (22)
5.1 Introduction 89 (5)
5.2 The CMB and the Physics of the Early 94 (8)
Universe
5.3 CMB Experiments and CMB Data 102(1)
5.4 Current Observations of the CMB 103(2)
5.5 Summary 105(2)
References 107(4)
6 Particle Astrophysics and the Dark Sector
of the Universe
L. Bergstr  and A. Goobar 111(28)
6.1 Introduction 111(2)
6.2 Cosmological Parameters from 113(1)
'Standard Candles'
6.3 Current Results 114(1)
6.4 Cross-Cutting Measurements 114(2)
6.5 How Much Better Can We Do? 116(1)
6.6 The Highest Redshift Supernova: 117(2)
SN1997ff
6.7 The Next Generation of SN 119(1)
Experiments
6.8 The Quintessence Alternative 119(4)
6.9 The Nature of Dark Matter 123(1)
6.10 More on the Dark Matter 124(1)
6.11 Dark Matter Candidates 125(2)
6.12 Indirect Detection Through Gamma-Rays 127(3)
6.13 Non-Supersymmetric Candidates 130(2)
6.14 Fluxes of Neutrinos in Standard 132(1)
Models
6.15 Particles Above the GZK Cutoff? 133(1)
6.16 Summary and Conclusions 133(1)
References 134(5)
7 The Early Universe: From Recombination to
Reionization
W.C. Keel 139(16)
7.1 Introduction 139(1)
7.2 Reionization 140(4)
7.3 The First Stars 144(3)
7.4 Where Do Black Holes Come From? 147(3)
7.5 Prospects 150(1)
References 151(4)
8 The Most Distant Galaxies
H. Spinrad 155(26)
8.1 Introduction, Motivations and 155(3)
Questions
8.2 Some Issues in the Contemporary 158(2)
Theory of Early Galaxy Evolution
8.3 A Race for the Maximum Redshift 160(1)
8.4 The Identification of Very Distant 160(16)
Galaxies
8.5 The Future 176(1)
References 177(4)
9 Optical Spectroscopy Today and Tomorrow
P. Watson 181(30)
9.1 Introduction 181(3)
9.2 Multi-Object Spectroscopy - Overview 184(6)
9.3 Multi-Object Spectroscopy with Robots 190(5)
9.4 Integral-Field Spectroscopy 195(3)
9.5 Efficiency by Design 198(4)
9.6 Future Challenges in Optical 202(2)
Spectroscopy
References 204(7)
10 Large-Scale Structures in the Distribution
of Galaxies: The 2dF and Sloan Surveys
A.P. Fairall 211(20)
10.1 Introduction 211(2)
10.2 Target Galaxies 213(1)
10.3 The Sloan Photometric Camera 213(1)
10.4 Sky Coverage 214(1)
10.5 Spectroscopy 215(2)
10.6 Redshift Maps and Large-Scale 217(2)
Structures
10.7 Galaxy Properties and Spatial 219(2)
Distribution
10.8 Clusters 221(1)
10.9 Redshift Space Distortion, Biasing 222(1)
and the Mass Density of the Universe
10.10 Power Spectra 223(3)
10.11 A Cosmology 226(1)
10.12 Concluding Remarks 227(1)
References 227(4)
11 Active Galactic Nuclei and Supermassive
Black Holes
I. Robson 231(24)
11.1 Introduction and the Big Picture 231(4)
11.2 The Evidence for Supermassive Black 235(5)
Holes
11.3 Black Holes and the Relation to the 240(4)
AGN
11.4 AGN Evolution and Black Hole Growth 244(4)
11.5 The Central Engine and Accretion 248(3)
Disks
11.6 Conclusions 251(1)
References 252(3)
12 The Story of Gamma-Ray Bursts
G. Vedrenne and J.-L. Atteia 255(26)
12.1 Introduction 255(1)
12.2 The Early Times 256(8)
12.3 CGRO: A New Step in Understanding 264(3)
the Origin of GRBs
12.4 BeppoSAX: Its Decisive Role in 267(3)
Understanding GRBs
12.5 A New Window on Stellar Explosions 270(6)
and on the Early Universe
12.6 The Story Continues 276(1)
References 277(4)
13 Update on Gravitational Wave Research
L.P. Grishchuk 281(30)
13.1 Introduction 281(1)
13.2 Elementary Theory of Gravitational 282(5)
Waves
13.3 Current Status of Gravitational-Wave 287(4)
Detectors
13.4 Gravitational Waves and Astrophysics 291(5)
13.5 Gravitational Waves and Cosmology 296(10)
13.6 Summary 306(1)
13.7 Acknowledgements 307(1)
References 307(4)
Index 311