食用野菜<br>Vegetables (Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants) 〈Vol. 5〉

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食用野菜
Vegetables (Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants) 〈Vol. 5〉

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 320 p./サイズ 41 illus.
  • 商品コード 9783540345350

基本説明

The focus is on genetic and physical mapping, positioning, cloning, monitoring of desirable genes by molecular breeding and the most recent advances in genomics.

Full Description


Vegetables contains reviews in 12 chapters contributed by 31 authors from 10 countries. The impressive work that has been done on most of these crops is presented in this volume. Genome projects already initiated on vegetable crops, particularly on Solanaceae and Brassicaceae species, may ignite further interest in other vegetables as well.

Table of Contents

Contributors                                       xix
Abbreviations xxv
Tomato 1 (126)
J. A. Labate
S. Grandillo
T. Fulton
S. Munos
A. L. Caicedo
I. Peralta
Y. Ji
R. T. Chetelat
J. W. Scott
M. J. Gonzalo
D. Francis
W. Yang
E. van der Knaap
A. M. Baldo
B. Smith-White
L. A. Mueller
J. P. Prince
N. E. Blanchard
D. B. Storey
M. R. Stevens
M. D. Robbins
J.-F. Wang
B. E. Liedl
M. A. O'Connell
J. R. Stommel
K. Aoki
Y. Iijima
A. J. Slade
S. R. Hurst
D. Loeffler
M. N. Steine
D. Vafeados
C. McGuire
C. Freeman
A. Amen
J. Goodstal
D. Facciotti
J. Van Eck
M. Causse
Introduction 1 (1)
Tomato Evolution and Taxonomy 2 (5)
Taxonomic Placement 2 (1)
Phylogenetic Relationships 3 (3)
Character Evolution and Genetic 6 (1)
Diversity in Wild Tomatoes
Domestication, Modern Breeding, and 7 (8)
Genetic Resources
Domestication 7 (1)
Dispersal 8 (1)
Economic Importance 9 (1)
Germplasm Collections 10 (1)
Germplasm Stocks 11 (4)
Marker Development: Leveraging Public 15 (5)
Databases and Software Tools
Markers 15 (1)
SSR, Indel and SNP Discovery 15 (3)
Application and Mapping of Markers 18 (1)
PCR-based Linkage Map of S. 19 (1)
Iycopersicum cv. Rio Grande x S.
pimpinellifolium LA1589 F2 Population
Future Approaches for Marker Development 20 (1)
Maps 20 (8)
Map Types 20 (3)
Maps Online 23 (5)
Comparative Mapping in the Solanaceae 28 (5)
Brief History of Comparative Mapping 28 (1)
Mapping in Solanaceous Plants 29 (1)
Markers and Orthology 30 (3)
Solanaceae Comparative Mapping: Future 33 (1)
Prospects
Principles of QTL Mapping and 33 (1)
Characterization
Principles of QTL Mapping 33 (1)
Stability of QTL Over Environment 34 (1)
QTL Characterization: Fine-mapping, 34 (1)
Positional Cloning and Candidate Genes
Advanced-backcross and Introgression-line 34 (8)
Breeding Strategies
Advanced Backcross QTL Analysis 35 (1)
ILs and ``Exotic Libraries'' for the 36 (4)
Analysis of Quantitative Traits
QTL Fine-mapping and Cloning Using 40 (1)
Introgression Lines
QTL Pyramiding 41 (1)
Advanced-backcross and 42 (1)
Introgression-line Breeding: Future
Prospects
Viral Resistance 42 (6)
Alfamovirus 45 (1)
Begomoviruses 45 (1)
Cucumovirus 46 (1)
Curtovirus 46 (1)
Poleroviruses 46 (1)
Potexvirus 46 (1)
Potyvirus 47 (1)
Tobamovirus 47 (1)
Tospoviruses 48 (1)
Bacterial Resistance 48 (4)
Bacterial Canker 48 (1)
Bacterial Speck 49 (1)
Bacterial Spot 49 (1)
BacterialW ilt 49 (3)
Fungal Resistance 52 (4)
Alternaria Stem Canker 52 (1)
Anthracnose Ripe Rot 52 (1)
Blackmold 52 (1)
Corky Rot 52 (2)
Early Blight 54 (1)
Fusarium Crown and Root Rot 54 (1)
Fusarium Wilt 55 (1)
Gray Leafspot 55 (1)
Late Blight 55 (1)
Leaf Mold 55 (1)
Powdery Mildew 56 (1)
Verticillium Wilt 56 (1)
Insect Resistance 56 (1)
Drought or Water-Deficit Stress Resistance 57 (4)
Genetics and Drought Resistance 57 (1)
Characteristics of Tomato Species
Drought-induced Changes in Gene 58 (1)
Expression
Genetics and Salt Stress Resistance 59 (1)
Characteristics in Tomato Species
Drought Responsive Genes 59 (1)
Genetic Engineering of Stress Resistance 60 (1)
Drought-Responsive H1 Histone 60 (1)
Drought or Water-Deficit Stress 61 (1)
Resistance: Summary
Fruit Color and Nutritional Value 61 (11)
Micronutrients 62 (7)
Macronutrients: Carbohydrates, 69 (1)
Insoluble Solids, and Lipids
Carbohydrates 70 (1)
Insoluble Solids 70 (1)
Lipids 71 (1)
Fruit Quality 72 (7)
Gene/QTL Mapping of Fruit Quality 72 (3)
Fruit Quality MAS 75 (1)
Molecular Characterization of QTLs for 76 (2)
Quality
Fruit Quality: Conclusions 78 (1)
Metabolomics 79 (5)
Metabolomics Data Collection 79 (1)
Metabolomics Data Analysis 80 (3)
Metabolomics and Molecular Breeding 83 (1)
Bioinformatics 84 (2)
Tomato Analyzer 84 (1)
(http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/vanderk
naap/tomato_analyzer.htm)
TGRC (http://tgrc.ucdavis.edu) 84 (1)
GRIN (http://www.ars-grin.gov/) 84 (1)
TIGR (http://www.tigr.org) 84 (1)
MiBASE 84 (1)
(http://www.kazusa.or.jp/jsol/microtom/i
ndexj.html)
TED (http://ted.bti.cornell.edu) 85 (1)
SGN (http://sgn.cornell.edu) 85 (1)
International Tomato Genome Sequencing 86 (1)
Project
Reverse Genetics and TILLING1 87 (6)
Reverse Genetic Strategies in Tomato 87 (1)
Creating a TILLING Population 88 (1)
High-throughput Screening and Mutation 89 (3)
Discovery
Reverse Genetics and TILLING: 92 (1)
Conclusions
Genetic Engineering 93 (2)
Tomato: Future Prospects 95 (32)
References 95 (32)
Lettuce 127(14)
D. W. Still
Introduction 127(4)
Economic Importance 128(1)
Nutritional Value 128(2)
Breeding Objectives 130(1)
Genetic Maps: Intraspecific 131(1)
Genetic Maps: Interspecific 131(3)
QTL Mapping 134(2)
Development of Genomic Resources 136(2)
Sequence Information and EST Databases 136(1)
Other Resources 136(1)
Phenotypic Information 137(1)
Future Prospects 138(3)
References 138(3)
Radish 141(20)
Y. Kaneko
C. Kimizuka-Takagi
S. W. Bang
Y. Matsuzawa
Introduction 141(4)
Origin and Distribution 141(1)
Varietal Differentiation 142(1)
Karyotype 142(1)
Classical Genetic Analysis 143(1)
Economic Importance 143(1)
Breeding Objectives 143(2)
Target Traits for Seed Production 145(1)
Application of Molecular Markers 145(4)
Evolution and Phylogenetic Relationship 146(1)
Identification and Evaluation of 146(1)
Genotypes and their Purity
Confirmation of Hybridity 147(1)
Chromosome Identification 148(1)
Development of Markers for 148(1)
Self-Incompatibility and Cytoplasmic
Male-Sterility Genes
Construction of Genetic Linkage Maps 149(1)
Analysis of Quantitative Trait Loci 150(1)
Marker-Assisted Breeding 151(3)
Map-Based Cloning 154(1)
Future Works 155(6)
References 155(6)
Carrot 161(24)
J. M. Bradeen
P. W. Simon
Introduction 161(7)
History of Cultivation 161(1)
Carrot Biology 162(1)
Taxonomy and Classification 163(1)
Carrot Production and Consumer Quality 164(3)
Carrot Breeding 167(1)
Map Construction 168(5)
Nuclear Linkage Maps 169(3)
Evaluation of Marker Systems for 172(1)
Linkage Mapping
Organellar Physical Maps 172(1)
Gene Mapping 173(1)
Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) Detected 174(1)
Marker-Assisted Germplasm Maintenance and 175(3)
Breeding
Cloned Genes 178(2)
Future of Molecular Breeding of Carrot 180(5)
References 181(4)
Brassica rapa 185(6)
M. Hirai
S. Matsumoto
Introduction 185(1)
Origin of Brassica rapa 185(1)
Vegetable Crops of B. rapa 185(1)
Conventional Breeding 186(1)
Construction of Molecular Maps 186(1)
Comparison of Crucifer Genomes 186(1)
Genetic Analysis and Linkage Markers of 187(1)
Agricultural Traits
Clubroot 187(1)
White Rust 187(1)
Flowering and Physiological Characters 187(1)
Morphological Traits 188(1)
Marker-Assisted Selection 188(1)
Genome Sequencing and Map-Based Cloning 189(2)
References 189(2)
Beet 191(18)
J. M. McGrath
M. Saccomani
P. Stevanato
E. Biancardi
Introduction 191(7)
Brief History of the Crop 191(1)
Botanical Description 192(2)
Economic Importance 194(1)
Breeding Objectives 194(1)
Classical Breeding Achievements 195(2)
Classical Mapping Efforts 197(1)
Construction of Genetic Maps 198(1)
Gene Mapping and Marker-Assisted Selection 199(1)
Advanced Works 200(1)
Future Scope of Works 201(8)
References 202(7)
Capsicums 209(18)
I. Paran
A. Ben-Chaim
B.-C. Kang
M. Jahn
Introduction 209(3)
Brief History of the Crop 209(1)
Taxonomy 209(1)
Morphology 209(1)
Karyotype, Ploidy Level and Genome Size 210(1)
Economic Importance 210(1)
Chemical Composition and Nutritional 210(1)
Value
Breeding Objectives 211(1)
Classical Genetic Mapping 211(1)
Classical Breeding Achievements 211(1)
Limitations of Classical Endeavors and 212(1)
Utility of Molecular Mapping
Construction of Genetic Maps 212(2)
Brief History of Mapping Efforts 212(1)
First Generation Maps 212(2)
Second Generation Maps 214(1)
Integration of Molecular Markers Based 214(1)
on Microsatellites (SSR)
Gene Mapping 214(4)
Disease Resistance 214(3)
Fruit Traits 217(1)
QTLs Detected 218(3)
Disease Resistance 218(2)
Fruit Traits 220(1)
Marker-Assisted Breeding 221(1)
Map-Based Cloning 222(1)
Future Scope of Work 222(5)
References 223(4)
Brassica oleracea 227(60)
D. Babula
M. Kaczmarek
P. A. Ziolkowski
J. Sadoski
Introduction 227(7)
Brief History of the Crop 227(1)
Botanical Description 228(2)
Economic Importance 230(2)
Breeding Objectives 232(1)
Classical Mapping Efforts 232(1)
Classical Breeding Achievements 233(1)
Construction of Genetic Maps 234(12)
First Generation Maps 234(3)
Second Generation Maps 237(5)
Comparative Maps 242(4)
Gene Mapping 246(3)
Brassica oleracea Quantitative Trait Loci 249(19)
(QTL)
Resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae 249(1)
Transformation and Plant Regeneration 250(14)
Developmental Characteristics 264(4)
Marker-Assisted Breeding 268(3)
Map-Based Cloning 271(2)
Advanced Works 273(4)
Comparative Physical Mapping in the A. 273(2)
thaliana-B. oleracea System
New Genomics Tools Developed for B. 275(2)
oleracea Research
Future Scope of Works: Comparative 277(10)
Assessment vis-a-vis Model Systems
References 278(9)
Eggplant 287(28)
A. Frary
S. Doganlar
M. C. Daunay
Introduction 287(3)
A Brief History of the Crop 287(1)
Botanical Description 287(1)
Economic Importance 288(1)
Breeding Objectives 288(1)
Classical Breeding Achievements 288(1)
Classical Mapping Efforts 289(1)
Limitations of Classical Endeavors and 289(1)
Utility of Molecular Mapping
Construction of Genetic Maps 290(10)
A Brief History of Mapping in Eggplant 290(1)
First Generation Maps 290(10)
Comparative Maps 300(1)
Gene and QTL Mapping 300(9)
Marker-Assisted Breeding 309(1)
Other Resources 310(1)
Future Scope of Work 310(5)
References 311(4)
Cucurbits 315(16)
Y.-H. Wang
T. Joobeur
R. A. Dean
J. E. Staub
Introduction 315(2)
Origin and Botany 315(1)
Cucurbit Production 316(1)
Genetic Mapping of Cucurbit Genomes 317(2)
Genetic Mapping of Mendelian Traits 319(1)
Fusarium Wilt Resistance 319(1)
Mapping of Other Resistance Genes 320(1)
Fruit/Flower Traits 320(1)
Genetic Mapping of Quantitative Traits 320(1)
Marker-Assisted Selection (MAS) 321(1)
Map-Based Cloning 322(1)
Cucurbit Genetic Engineering 322(2)
Future Prospects 324(7)
References 324(7)
Onion 331(18)
J. McCallum
Introduction 331(2)
Taxonomy and History 331(1)
Genetic Resources and Breeding 331(2)
Cytology and Genome Structure 333(1)
Molecular Markers and Other Genome 333(2)
Resources
Protein Markers 334(1)
RAPD and AFLP Markers 334(1)
Expressed Sequence, SSR and SNP Markers 334(1)
BAG Resources 335(1)
Genomic SSR Markers 335(1)
Genetic Mapping 335(1)
Inter- and Intraspecific Maps 335(1)
Other Map and Marker Resources 335(1)
Phenotypic Variation and Economic Traits 336(2)
Adaptation and Bulb Quality 336(1)
Carbohydrate Composition 336(1)
Organosulfur Compounds 336(1)
Pigmentation 337(1)
Human Health Benefits 337(1)
Pest and Disease Susceptibility 337(1)
Genetic and QTL Analysis of Economic 338(4)
Traits
Bulb Pigmentation 338(1)
Male-Fertility 338(1)
Bulb Carbohydrate Composition 339(2)
Bulb Pungency 341(1)
Conclusion 342(7)
References 342(7)
Garlic 349(16)
P. F. Cavagnaro
C. R. Galmarini
Introduction 349(5)
Center of Origin, Spread and 349(1)
Domestication
Taxonomy 350(1)
Habitat 351(1)
Economic Importance 351(1)
Morphology 352(1)
Genome Size and Karyotype 353(1)
Nutritional Composition and 353(1)
Nutraceutical Value
Organosulfur Constituents 354(1)
Garlic Breeding and Construction of the 354(4)
First Genetic Maps
Mapping Gene-Specific Markers 358(1)
BAC Libraries and Physical Mapping 359(1)
Genome Organization in Garlic 359(1)
Interspecific Hybrids 360(1)
Genetic Transformation 360(1)
Progress of Garlic Breeding and Future 360(5)
Scope of Works
References 361(4)
Subject Index 365