マルチスライスCT<br>Multislice CT : A Practical Guide. Proceedings of the 6th International SOMATOM CT Scientific User Conference, Tübingen, Germany, September 2002 (2004. XI, 237 p. w. 29 col. and 84 b&w figs.)

マルチスライスCT
Multislice CT : A Practical Guide. Proceedings of the 6th International SOMATOM CT Scientific User Conference, Tübingen, Germany, September 2002 (2004. XI, 237 p. w. 29 col. and 84 b&w figs.)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 240 p., 280 illus.
  • 商品コード 9783540047612

基本説明

Facilitates a thorough understanding of 4- and 16-slice multidetector-row CT and its clinical applications.

Full Description


There have been remarkable achievements in CT technology, workflow management and applications in the last couple of years. The introduction of 4- and 16-row multidetector technology has substantially increased acquisition speed and provides nearly isotropic resolution. These new technical possibilities had significant impact on the clinical use of CT and have yielded a broadening of the spectrum of applications, particularly in vascular, cardiac, abdominal, and trauma imaging. This book presents the practical experience of an international expert group of radiologists and physicists with state-of-the-art multidetector technology. The chapters in this book will facilitate a thorough understanding of 4- and 16-slice multidetector-row CT and its clinical applications. This will help to fully exploit the diagnostic potential of this technology.

Table of Contents

I Technical Aspects, Workflow, Dose
1 Computed Tomography - Past, Present and 3 (16)
Future
S. SCHALLER, T. FLOHR
2 Multidetector CT and the Future of CT 19 (12)
Scanning - The Coming Revolution in
Workflow and Process Design
E.K. FISHMAN
3 Pediatric Multidetector CT: Practice 31 (22)
Guidelines
M.J. SIEGEL
II Neuro, Head and Neck
4 Multislice Spiral CT Angiography in 53 (8)
Vascular Neuroradiology
B. SCHUKNECHT
5 Multislice CT of the Head and Neck 61 (12)
M. LELL, H. GREESS, U. BAUM, W. ROMER, W.
BAUTZ
III Abdomen and Chest
6 State of the Art MSCT in the Abdomen: 73 (14)
Emphasis in Liver and Pancreas
H. JI, P.R. Ros
7 3-D Imaging of the Pancreas with the 87 (10)
Siemens Volume Zoom CT Scanner
A.J. MEGIBOW
8 Multislice CT of the Thorax: 97 (14)
Opportunities, Challenges and Solutions ..
M. DAS, P. HERZOG, J.M. MARTENSEN, J.E.
WILDBERGER, U.J. SCHOEPF
9 Role of CT Angiography in the Management 111
of Thromboembolic Disease
M. REMY-JARDIN, N. BOUAZIZ, P.-Y.
BRILLET, J. REMY
IV Contrast/CT-Angiography
10 Contrast Injection Techniques and CT Scan 121(8)
Timing
K.T. BAE
11 Contrast Medium Injection in MSCT: Present 129(8)
Status and Future Perspectives
R. PASSARIELLO, C. CATALANO, F. VENDITTI,
M. DANTI
12 Multislice CT Angiography of Abdominal 137(12)
Visceral Vessels
G.P. KRESTIN, F. CADEMARTIRI
V Cardio CT
13 Algorithms and Clinical Application of 149(28)
Multislice Cardiac CT
B.M. OHNESORGE, U.J. SCHOPF, K. NIEMAN,
C.R. BECKER, T.G. FLOHR
14 Cardiac CT: From 4 to 16 Rows 177(18)
A.F. Kopp, A. KワTTNER, T. TRABOLD, M.
HEUSCHMID, S. SCHRヨDER, C.D. CLAUSSEN
15 Imaging of Coronary Atherosclerosis 195(10)
C.R. BECKER
VI Screening
16 Coronary Artery Disease: Role of Coronary 205(10)
Artery Calcium Detection
R. FISCHBACH, D. MAINTZ
17 Lung Cancer Detection and 215(8)
Characterization: Challenges and Solutions
D.P. NAIDICH
18 Techniques and Interpretation of 223(10)
Multislice CT Colonography
M. MACARI
Subject Index 233

354005042.TOC3540050426



Classical Theory on Electromagnetic Near Field

I. Banno 1 (58)

1 Introduction 1 (3)

1.1 Studies of Pioneers 1 (1)

1.2 Purposes of This Chapter 2 (1)

1.3 Overview of This Chapter 3 (1)

2 Definition of Near Field and Far Field 4 (4)

2.1 A Naive Example of Super-Resolution 4 (1)

2.2 Retardation Effect as Wavenumber 5 (1)

Dependence

2.3 Examination on Three Cases 6 (1)

2.4 Diffraction Limit in Terms of 7 (1)

Retardation Effect

2.5 Definition of Near Field and Far Field 8 (1)

3 Boundary Scattering Formulation with Scalar 8 (14)

Potential

3.1 Quasistatic Picture under Near-Field 9 (1)

Condition

3.2 Poisson's Equation with Boundary Charge 10 (1)

Density

3.3 Intuitive Picture of EM Near Field 10 (2)

under Near-Field Condition

3.4 Notations Concerning Steep Interface 12 (1)

3.5 Boundary Value Problem for Scalar 12 (2)

Potential

3.6 Boundary Scattering Problem Equivalent 14 (2)

to Boundary Value Problem

3.7 Integral Equation for Source and

Perturbative Treatment

3.8 Application to a Spherical System: 16 (2)

Analytical Treatment

3.9 Application to a Spherical System: 18 (1)

Numerical Treatment

3.10 Application to a Low Symmetric System 19 (3)

3.11 Summary 22 (1)

4 Boundary Scattering Formulation with Dual 22 (9)

E112 Potential

4.1 Dual EM Potential as Minimum Degree of 23 (1)

Freedom

4.2 Wave Equation for Dual Vector Potential 24 (1)

4.3 Boundary Value Problem for Dual EM 25 (2)

Potential

4.4 Boundary Scattering Problem Equivalent 27 (2)

to the Boundary Value Problem

4.5 Integral Equation for Source and 29 (1)

Perturbative Treatment of MBCs

4.6 Summary 30 (1)

5 Application of Boundary Scattering 31 (10)

Formulation with Dual EM Potential to EM

Near-Field Problem

5.1 Boundary Effect and Retardation Effect 31 (2)

5.2 Intuitive Picture Based on Dual Ampere 33 (2)

Law under Near-field Condition

5.3 Application to a Spherical System: 35 (1)

Numerical Treatment

5.4 Correction due to Retardation Effect 36 (4)

5.5 Summary 40 (1)

6 Summary and Remaining Problems 41 (1)

7 Theoretical Formula for Intensity of Far 42 (2)

Field, Near Field and Signal in NOM

7.1 Field Intensity for Far/Near Field 42 (1)

7.2 Theoretical Formula for the Signal 43 (1)

Intensity in NOM

8 Mathematical Basis of Boundary Scattering 44 (8)

Formulation

8.1 Boundary Charge Density and Boundary 44 (5)

Condition

8.2 Boundary Magnetic Current Density and 49 (3)

Boundary Condition

9 Green's Function and Delta Function in 52 (4)

Vector Field Analysis

9.1 Vector Helmholtz Equation 52 (1)

9.2 Decomposition into Longitudinal and 53 (3)

Transversal Components

References 56 (3)

Excitonic Polaritons in Quantum-Confined

Systems and Their Applications to

Optoelectronic Devices

T. Katsuyama, K. Hosomi 59 (52)

1 Introduction 59 (2)

2 Fundamental Aspects of Excitonic Polaritons 61 (28)

Propagating in Quantum-Confined Systems

2.1 The Concept of the Excitonic Polariton 61 (2)

2.2 Excitonic Polaritons in GaAs 63 (5)

Quantum-Well Waveguides: Experimental

Observations

2.3 Excitonic Polaritons in GaAs 68 (6)

Quantum-Well Waveguides: Theoretical

Calculations

2.4 Electric-Field-Induced Phase Modulation 74 (8)

of Excitonic Polaritons in Quantum-Well

Waveguides

2.5 Temperature Dependence of the Phase 82 (3)

Modulation due to an Electric Field

2.6 Cavity Effect of Excitonic Polaritons 85 (4)

in Quantum-Well Waveguide

3 Applications to Optoelectronic Devices 89 (16)

3.1 Mach-Zehnder-Type Modulators 90 (2)

3.2 Directional-Coupler-Type Switches 92 (2)

3.3 Spatial Confinement of Electromagnetic 94 (7)

Field by an Excitonic Polariton Effect:

Theoretical Considerations

3.4 Nanometer-Scale Switches 101(4)

4 Summary and Future Prospects 105(3)

References 108(3)

Nano-Optical Imaging and Spectroscopy of Single

Semiconductor Quantum Constituents

T. Saiki 111(38)

1 Introduction 111(1)

2 General Description of NSOM 112(1)

3 Design, Fabrication, and Evaluation of NSOM 113(12)

Aperture Probes

3.1 Basic Process of Aperture-Probe 113(2)

Fabrication

3.2 Tapered Structure and Optical Throughput 115(1)

3.3 Simulation-Based Design of a Tapered 115(4)

Structure

3.4 Fabrication of a Double-Tapered 119(1)

Aperture Probe

3.5 Evaluation of Transmission Efficiency 120(3)

and Collection Efficiency

3.6 Evaluation of Spatial Resolution with 123(2)

Single Quantum Dots

4 Super-Resolution in Single-Molecule 125(2)

Detection

5 Single Quantum-Dot Spectroscopy 127(10)

5.1 Homogeneous Linewidth and 128(5)

Carrier-Phonon Interaction

5.2 Homogeneous Linewidth and 133(4)

Carrier-Carrier Interaction

6 Real-Space Mapping of Excitors Wavefunction 137(3)

Confined in a QD

7 Carrier Localization in Cluster States in 140(4)

GaNAs

8 Perspectives 144(1)

References 145(4)

Atom Deflector and Detector with Near-Field

Light

H. Ito, K. Totsuka, M. Ohtsu 149(38)

1 Introduction 149(3)

2 Slit-Type Deflector 152(6)

2.1 Principle 152(1)

2.2 Fabrication Process 153(2)

2.3 Measurement of Light Distribution 155(1)

2.4 Estimation of Deflection Angle 156(2)

3 Slit-Type Detector 158(13)

3.1 Principle 158(2)

3.2 Fabrication Process 160(1)

3.3 Measurement of Light Distribution 161(2)

3.4 Two-Step with Two-Color Near-Field 163(5)

Light Photoionization

3.5 Spectroscopy with Two-Color Near-Field 168(3)

Lights

4 Guiding Cold Atoms through Hollow Light 171(8)

with Sisyphus Cooling

4.1 Generation of Hollow Light 172(1)

4.2 Sisyphus Cooling in Hollow Light 173(3)

4.3 Experiment 176(2)

4.4 Estimation of Atom Flux 178(1)

5 Outlook 179(2)

References 181(6)

Index 187