流体力学の夜明け<br>The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics : A Discipline between Science and Technology (2006. 240 p. w. 90 fig. 24 cm)

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流体力学の夜明け
The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics : A Discipline between Science and Technology (2006. 240 p. w. 90 fig. 24 cm)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 240 p.
  • 商品コード 9783527405138

基本説明

Contains a description of the interaction between applied research and application, taking as its example the history of fluid mechanics in the 20th century. The focus lies on the work of Ludwig Prandtl, founder of the aerodynamic research center (AVA) in Göttingen.

Full Description


This is the first publication to describe the evolution of fluid dynamics as a major field in modern science and engineering. It contains a description of the interaction between applied research and application, taking as its example the history of fluid mechanics in the 20th century. The focus lies on the work of Ludwig Prandtl, founder of the aerodynamic research center (AVA) in Gottingen, whose ideas and publications have influenced modern aerodynamics and fluid mechanics in many fields. While suitable for others, this book is intended for natural scientists and engineers as well as historians of science and technology.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            IX
1 Diverging Trends before the Twentieth 1 (30)
Century
1.1 Galileo's Abstraction 1 (5)
1.2 Hogs' Bladders in St. Paul's Cathedral 6 (3)
1.3 Ballistics 9 (4)
1.4 D'Alembert's Paradox 13 (2)
1.5 New Attempts to Account for Fluid 15 (3)
Friction
1.6 Revival of Ideal Fluid Theory 18 (4)
1.7 Reynolds's Investigations of "Direct or 22 (2)
Sinuous" Flow
1.8 Hydraulics and Aerodynamics: A Turn 24 (4)
Towards Empiricism
1.9 Fluid Mechanics ca. 1900 28 (3)
2 The Beginnings of Fluid Dynamics in 31 (26)
G tingen, 1904-1914
2.1 Prandtl's Route to Boundary Layer Theory 32 (6)
2.2 "Per Experimentum et Inductionem Omnia" 38 (4)
2.3 The First Doctoral Dissertations on 42 (3)
Boundary Layers
2.4 Airship Research 45 (4)
2.5 The Discovery of the Turbulent Boundary 49 (3)
Layer
2.6 The Beginnings of Airfoil Theory 52 (5)
3 Aviation and the Rise of Aerodynamics in 57 (26)
the First World War
3.1 A Symbiotic Relationship 59 (4)
3.2 War Contracts 63 (4)
3.3 G tingen Profiles 67 (6)
3.4 Max Munk and the Foundation of Airfoil 73 (3)
Theory
3.5 Theory and Practice in Airplane Design 76 (7)
4 The Internationalization of Fluid Mechanics 83 (24)
in the 1920's
4.1 American Emissaries at Prandtl's 84 (7)
Institute
4.2 Standardization 91 (5)
4.3 International Conferences 96 (4)
4.4 Applied Mathematics and Mechanics: A 100(2)
New International Discipline
4.5 Internationality in Practice: Max Munk 102(5)
at the NACA
5 A "Working Program" for Research on 107(22)
Turbulence
5.1 Turbulent Pipe Flow 108(3)
5.2 Prandtl's Research Program on Turbulence 111(5)
5.3 The Mixing Length Concept for the Fully 116(2)
Developed Turbulence
5.4 A Kind of Olympic Games 118(6)
5.5 Wind Tunnel Turbulence 124(5)
6 Aerodynamics Comes of Age 129(24)
6.1 How Aerodynamics Became 129(5)
Institutionalized at Technical Universities
6.2 Glider Flight 134(4)
6.3 K疵m疣 and Junkers: The Beginnings of 138(4)
Industrial Consulting in Aeronautics
6.4 Profile Measurements 142(6)
6.5 Airfoil Theory 148(5)
7 New Applications 153(24)
7.1 Gas Dynamics 154(8)
7.2 Cavitation 162(5)
7.3 Meteorological and Geophysical Fluid 167(7)
Dynamics
7.4 The Scope of Fluid Dynamics by the 174(3)
Early 1930's
8 Prandtl, Fluid Dynamics and National 177(18)
Socialism
8.1 Preparing for War: Increased Funding 179(8)
for Prandtl's Institute
8.2 Aeronautical Science as an Instrument 187(3)
of Nazi Propaganda
8.3 Goodwill Ambassador 190(5)
9 New Centers 195(18)
9.1 Aachen 196(5)
9.2 Pasadena 201(6)
9.3 Zurich 207(6)
10 Fluid Dynamics on the Eve of the Second 213(20)
World War
10.1 Airfoil Theory 213(7)
10.2 Turbulence 220(8)
10.3 Gas Dynamics 228(5)
11 Epilogue 233(10)
Appendix
Abbreviations 243(2)
References 245(26)
Author Index 271(4)
Name Index 275(4)
Subject Index 279