複数の中国語<br>Chinese Language(s) : A Look through the Prism of The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects (Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs (TiLSM) Vol.215) (2010. XX, 276 S. 230 mm)

個数:

複数の中国語
Chinese Language(s) : A Look through the Prism of The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects (Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs (TiLSM) Vol.215) (2010. XX, 276 S. 230 mm)

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  • ページ数 276 p.
  • 商品コード 9783110219142

基本説明

The book uncovers the role The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects plays in analyzing the spectrum of linguistic differentiation in China.

Full Description


The major aim of the book is to trace the current structuring of the Chinese language(s) on the ground of Chinese linguistics. The research presented is based on the newest and most renowned sources, namely The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects, and the Language Atlas of China.The author discusses the role The Great Dictionary plays in analyzing the spectrum of linguistic differentiation in China and gives a detailed account of the kind of information the dictionary provides. As background, she sketches the development and current state of Chinese dialectology and dialect research. One of the author's aims is to show respect for the grand achievement the Dictionary undoubtedly is, but also to emphasize a critical distance to some of the views presented in it. Apart from being an analysis of this particular Dictionary, the book presents data about the state of modern Chinese dialectology. It provides information about different classifications of the dialects and explains on what basis the classifications are made. Looking at Chinese dialectology from a Western point of view, the author aims to understand and present the Chinese perspective. The book fills an important gap in the field of Western sinology. So far, despite lively discussions concerning the status of the varieties of Chinese and their taxonomy, full-scale studies on Chinese dialects have been almost non-existent in the Western World.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   vii
Preface ix
Abbreviations xviii
List of tables, diagrams and xix
illustrations
Chapter 1 Defining terminology 1 (3)
1 `fangyan' versus `dialect' 1 (1)
2 Dialects or languages 2 (1)
3 Conclusions 2 (2)
Chapter 2 Languages of China 4 (6)
1 Classification of Chinese 4 (1)
2 Non-Chinese languages of China 5 (3)
3 Alternative classifications 8 (2)
Chapter 3 The language policy of the 10 (5)
People's Republic of China regarding the
dialects of Chinese
1 The forming of Putonghua 10 (1)
2 Language legislation 10 (2)
3 Mutual inter-influence of dialects 12 (1)
and Putonghua
4 The status of Putonghua 13 (2)
Chapter 4 Chinese historical phonetics 15 (10)
1 The structure of the syllable 15 (1)
2 Middle Chinese tones 16 (2)
3 Middle Chinese initials 18 (3)
4 Middle Chinese finals 21 (1)
5 Fanqie 22 (1)
6 Rhyme books (yunshu) 23 (2)
Chapter 5 Classifications of Chinese 25 (38)
dialects
1 Criteria 25 (11)
2 A historical overview since the end of 36 (27)
the nineteenth century
Chapter 6 The classification of Chinese 63 (28)
dialects according to The Language Atlas of
China
1 The Language Atlas of China 63 (1)
2 Classification into smaller units 63 (1)
3 The classification 64 (10)
4 Controversial issues 74 (3)
5 General characteristics of the ten 77 (14)
Chinese dialect groups
Chapter 7 Guidelines for field research of 91 (37)
Chinese dialects
1 Phonetics 91 (15)
2 Vocabulary 106 (15)
3 Grammar 121 (7)
Chapter 8 Analysis of The Great Dictionary 128 (56)
of Modern Chinese Dialects
1 Introduction 128 (6)
2 Methods of research for The Great 134 (3)
Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects
3 The choice of dialect localities for 137 (20)
The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese
Dialects
4 Background overview of explored places 157 (27)
Chapter 9 Information gathered from The 184 (19)
Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects
1 Internal diversification 184 (2)
2 Phonetics 186 (10)
3 Vocabulary 196 (5)
4 Grammar 201 (2)
Chapter 10 Summary and conclusions 203 (7)
1 Dialects or languages? 203 (1)
2 The language of the majority 204 (1)
3 Language policy 204 (1)
4 Criteria 205 (1)
5 Different classifications 205 (1)
6 Research methods 206 (1)
7 Other aspects of modern dialectology 207 (1)
8 Chinese abroad 207 (1)
9 Are the dialects of China endangered? 208 (1)
10 Tasks of Chinese dialectology 208 (1)
11 The role of The Great Dictionary of 208 (2)
Modern Chinese Dialects
A brief chronology of Chinese history since the 210 (1)
Qin Dynasty
China's main administrative units 211 (2)
Notes 213 (8)
References 221 (31)
Chinese-English index-glossary of basic 252 (14)
linguistic terminology
Index of personal names 266 (5)
Index of Chinese place names 271