Politics of Ethnic Classification in Vietnam (Kyoto Area Studies on Asia)

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Politics of Ethnic Classification in Vietnam (Kyoto Area Studies on Asia)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 229 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781920901721
  • DDC分類 305.8009597

Full Description


Officially, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has a total of 54 ethnic groups, including the majority Kinh and 53 ethnic minority groups. This book examines the history of the ethnic group determination process, highlighting some of the challenges the official policies pose to both the state and the affected peoples.Vietnam has proudly embraced its multiethnic identity, seeking the equality of all ethnic groups in the interests of national unity. Yet, among other things, it appears that the total number of ethnic categories was rather arbitrarily determined initially, and then fiercely defended by influential politicians and academics. Furthermore, the extensive field surveys reveal that ethnic policies are frequently manipulated at the regional and local levels in pursuit of economic interests, and not infrequently, to the detriment of those they were intended to benefit.

Table of Contents

        List of Tables                             ix
List of Figures x
List of Plates xi
Acknowledgments xiii
For the English edition xiii
For the Japanese original xiii
Introduction 1 (16)
Purposes of the book 1 (2)
Composition of the book 3 (3)
Study approach 6 (4)
Previous studies 10 (3)
An overview of ethnic minorities in 13 (4)
Vietnam
1 The Ethnic Group Determination Operation 17 (32)
in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
The birth of Vietnamese ethnology 17 (3)
Ethnic determination operation in China 20 (9)
The theory and process of ethnic 20 (5)
determination operation in China
Preceding studies on China's ethnic 25 (4)
group determination operation
The ethnic group determination operation 29 (1)
in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Objectives of ethnic group determination 29 (20)
Ethnic group determination criteria 32 (1)
The ethnic group determination 33 (6)
operation and the national census
Assessment of the `revival' of 39 (3)
self-consciousness and the ethnic
processes of `assimilation,
amalgamation and consolidation'
The difficulty of ethnic group 42 (7)
determination
2 Aid and Preferential Treatment Policies 49 (16)
for Ethnic Minorities under Doi Moi
Politburo Resolution No.22 and its 49 (2)
background
The purpose and target of Program 135 51 (3)
Results of Program 135 54 (6)
Challenges of Program 135 60 (3)
Phase II of Program 135 63 (2)
3 The Ethnic Group Determination Review 65 (78)
Operation in the 21st Century
The 1999 national census and a 65 (3)
groundswell of complaints from subgroups
Vocal subgroups (1): Cao Lan and San Chi 68 (18)
Background of the Cao Lan and the San 68 (3)
Chi
The ethnic group determination 71 (10)
operation for Cao Lan and San Chi
The back ground to the demand for 81 (2)
separation
Representative conferences to vent 83 (1)
local discontent and complaints
The heavyweight's view and the policy 84 (2)
of the Central Committee for Ethnic
Minorities
Vocal subgroups (2): Nguon 86 (21)
An outline of the Nguon people 87 (10)
The history of ethnic group 97 (1)
determination for the Nguon
The demand for recognition as a 98 (4)
distinct ethnic group and convening the
representatives' conference
The discontent of the Nguon 102 (4)
Discussion stalls in the National 106 (1)
Assembly
The general seminar and the Official 107 (2)
Ethnic Group Composition List
Voiceless subgroups 109 (34)
Pa Di 110 (8)
Thu Lao 118 (4)
Xa Pho 122 (21)
4 Exploitation of the `Extremely Small 143 (36)
Ethnic Group' O-Du
Living conditions of the O-Du 143 (4)
Legends of origin 147 (2)
The created `autonym' 149 (4)
Ethnic blending and language 153 (4)
The history of classification of the 157 (2)
O-Du: Crisis of `extinction'?
A sudden increase in the O-Du population 159 (2)
The impact of dam construction 161 (2)
Ethnicity-based `priority' relocation: 163 (4)
Real crisis
Special programs for the O-Du 167 (3)
Ethnic conflicts in the new O-Du 170 (9)
settlement
Conclusion: State, Local Governments and 179 (12)
Ethnic Minorities
EPILOGUE 191 (2)
APPENDICES 193
Maps 194 (2)
Tables 196 (5)
Decision No. 135 201 (8)
References and Interviews 209
Vietnamese 209 (6)
Vietnamese and English 215 (1)
English 215 (1)
Chinese 216 (1)
Japanese 216 (5)
Newspaper article 221 (1)
Internet pages 221 (1)
Interview subjects 221