中山茂『通史日本の科学技術』(全4巻・英訳)<br>A Social History of Science and Technology in Contemporary Japan (4-Volume Set) (Japanese Society)

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中山茂『通史日本の科学技術』(全4巻・英訳)
A Social History of Science and Technology in Contemporary Japan (4-Volume Set) (Japanese Society)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 2646 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781876843502
  • DDC分類 952

Table of Contents

Preface to the English Edition                     ix
Shigeru Nakayama
Preface 1 (22)
Shigeru Nakayama
Introduction 23 (36)
Shigeru Nakayama
Part I: GHQ and Demilitarization Policy
The Scientific Intelligence Survey: The 59 (14)
Compton Survey
Yukuo Sasamoto
Investigations of the Effects of the Atomic 73 (35)
Bomb
Yukuo Sasamoto
Destruction of Cyclotrons 108(11)
Shigeru Nakayama
Demilitarization and the Peaceful 119(14)
Remobilization of Manpower
Yukuo Sasamoto
Military Research and its Conversion: Naval 133(13)
Radar Development
Miwao Matsumoto
The Ishii Unit 146(13)
Keiichi Tsuneishi
Military Science and Technology in Peacetime 159(20)
Shigeru Nakayama
Part II: Academic Research and its System
Under the Occupation
The Role of Advisory Missions 179(14)
Shigeru Nakayama
The Reorganization of Research Structures 193(13)
Shigeru Nakayama
Science Engineering Education in Japanese 206(18)
Universities after World War II
Takashi Hata
The Science Council of Japan and the 224(13)
Scientific and Technical Administration
Committee
Shigeru Nakayama
The International Exchange of Scientific 237(12)
Information
Shigeru Nakayama
Sending Scientists Overseas 249(12)
Shigeru Nakayama
The Scientific Community Post-Defeat 261(15)
Shigeru Nakayama
Research Funding in Occupied Japan 276(18)
Takashi Hata
Reform of Medical Education 294(25)
Hiroyuki Fujii
Part III: The Reorganization of Industrial
and Social Systems
The Reorganization of the Electric Power 319(34)
Industry
Takuji Okamoto
GHQ and Changes in the Postwar 353(15)
Telecommunications Structure
Kiyoshi Yamauchi
GHQ and the Patent System of Japan 368(14)
Tetsuo Tomita
GHQ's Public Health Policy: The Quarantine 382(13)
Program and the Influence of DDT
Hazime Mizoguchi
The Population Problem and the Birth 395(16)
Control Program During the Occupation
Hazime Mizoguchi
The Development of Japanese Style Quality 411(11)
Control
Shigeru Nakayama
Industrial Safety 422(15)
Seikan Ishigai
Part IV: Scientists and Engineers in the
Postwar Democracy
Reporting on the Atomic Bomb and the Press 437(33)
Code
Yukuo Sasamoto
The Association of Democratic Scientists 470(12)
(Minka)
Shigeru Nakayama
Democratization Movements in the Scientific 482(34)
World and the `Red Purge,'
Toshifumi Yatsumimi
The Mushrooming of Popular Science Magazines 516(17)
Yukio Wakamatsu
Marxism and Postwar Science in Japan 533(27)
Kunio Goto
Consolidated Bibliography 560(43)
Appendix I: Organization Chart: General 603(1)
Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied
Powers (GHQ, SCAP) Tokyo, Japan, 5 June 1948
Appendix II: Staff Directory of 604(82)
GHQ/SCAP/Economic & Scientific Section/Science
& Technical Division
Introduction: The Road to High Economic Growth 1 (46)
Shigeru Nakayama
Part I: End of Prohibitions on Research into
Nuclear, Aviation and Military Technology
Lifting the Bans on Weapons Production and 47 (14)
Rebuilding the Aircraft Industry
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Re-establishing Civil Aviation 61 (19)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Forming a Nuclear Regime and Introducing 80 (24)
Commercial Reactors
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Nuclear Power Research and the Scientists' 104(21)
Role
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Bikini Incident and Radiation Surveys 125(19)
Yukuo Sasamoto
Advances in Space Research 144(17)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Beginning of Organized Science Reporting 161(16)
Yukio Wakamatsu
Part II: Establishment of a Government and
Business-Centered R&D System
Establishing a Science and Technology 177(21)
Administrative System
Hiroaki Tanaka
Strengthening Government Research Institutes 198(17)
Shuichi Tsukahara
Importing Technology 215(20)
Katsuhiro Arai
Foreign Technology Transfers and Corporate 235(17)
R&D
Tetsuro Nakaoka
Developments in Corporate Engineering and 252(19)
Technical Training
Katsuhiro Arai
Part III: New Attitudes among Scientists and
Engineers
Overseas Study Leave and Participation in 271(10)
International Conferences
Shigeru Nakayama
The First Japanese Antarctic Research 281(13)
Expedition
Toshifumi Yatsumimi
Postwar Reforms to Higher Education: The 294(27)
New Graduate School Standard
Takashi Hata
The Development of Molecular Biology in 321(13)
Japan
Masayuki Obayashi
The Scientist Led Peace Movement 334(11)
Shigeru Nakayama
Technology Studies, Technological 345(16)
Innovation and State Monopoly Capitalism
Kunio Goto
Part IV: Development of Key Industries and
the Modernization of Manufacutring
Heavy and Chemical Industries and Coastal 361(13)
Industrial Zones
Toru Takamatsu
The Energy Revolution and Changing Energy 374(17)
Policies
Kunio Goto
The Energy Revolution 391(23)
Munehiro Miwa
The Reconstruction of the Electric Power 414(40)
Industry
Takuji Okamoto
The `Spin-off from the Navy: The Case of 454(14)
Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering in the
Postwar Period
Miwao Matsumoto
Rationalization and Technical Innovation in 468(19)
the Steel Industry
Mitsuru Tate
Railway Electrification 487(16)
Toru Koyama
Agriculture Develops a Pesticide-Dependency 503(22)
Takako Ieda
The Mechanization of Rice Cultivation 525(16)
Hisashi Horio
Penicillin Production and the 541(14)
Reconstruction of the Pharmaceutical
Industry
Hazime Mizoguchi
Part V: Changing Lifestyles through Science
and Technology
A New Start for the Automotive Industry 555(19)
Tsutomu Demizu
The Rise of the Motorcycle Industry 574(11)
Tsutomu Demizu
Evolution in the Precision Machinery 585(14)
Industries: From Domestic Use to Export
Shuichi Tsukahara
The Diffusion of Household Electrical 599(13)
Appliances
Yayoi Yoshioka
The Advent of the Television Age 612(18)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Development of Transistor Technology 630(17)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Introduction of American Style Food 647(17)
Culture
Yayoi Yoshioka
The First Innovations in Medical Technology 664(22)
after WWII
Shigenobu Kambayashi
Consolidated Bibliography 686(43)
Index 729
Figures ix
Tables x
Acknowledgments xii
Introduction: High Economic Growth and the Road 1 (66)
to Becoming a Power in the Fields of Science
and Technology
Part I: Construction of R & D Infrastructure
The Central Laboratory Boom and the Rise of 67 (11)
Corporate R&D
Shigeru Nakayama
The Expansion of Government Research 78 (16)
Shuichi Tsukahara
MITI's National Programme of Large Scale 94 (14)
R&D Projects
Shuichi Tsukahara
Chikayoshi Kamatani
The Creation of Tsukuba Science City 108(16)
Shuichi Tsukahara
The Expansion of Science and Engineering 124(21)
Education at Universities and the Role of
Manpower Planning
Katsuhiro Arai
Part II: Enrichment and Reorganization of the
Academic Research System
The Restructuring of Academic Research 145(12)
Administration
Shigeru Nakayama
US-Japan Scientific Cooperation: Japan's 157(10)
Changing Role in the International
Scientific Community
Shigeru Nakayama
Future Plans for Nuclear Physics Research 167(24)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Rise of Nuclear Fusion Research 191(17)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Establishment of Computer Centers and 208(15)
Computer Engineering Departments in
Universities
Shuichi Tsukahara
Part III: The Emergence of New Industries
The Development and Utilization of Nuclear 223(20)
Reactors
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Establishment of Space Development 243(14)
Organizations
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Development of the Petrochemical Industry 257(14)
Shuichi Tsukahara
The Birth of Japan's Computer Industry 271(27)
Kiyoshi Nakamura
The Motorization of Japan 298(13)
Tsutomu Demizu
The Industrialization of the Food 311(22)
Processing System
Koyu Furusawa
Part IV: Changes in Transportation and the
Urban Environment
The National Land Comprehensive Development 333(14)
Act
Kunio Goto
Construction of a Nationwide Network of 347(15)
Expressways
Toru Koyama
Construction of the Rapid Transit Railway 362(17)
Network
Toru Koyama
The Shinkansen (Bullet Train): A New Era in 379(11)
Railway Technology
Toru Koyama
The Rapid Growth of Civil Aviation 390(20)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Growth of a Nationwide 410(9)
Telecommunications Network
Minoru Terasaki
Evolution of the Housing Industry 419(11)
Shoichi Honda
Transformation of Cities 430(11)
Takaji Mizushima
Anti-pollution Measures 441(14)
Zenji Suzuki
Part V: Cultural Change and the Growth in
Technology
Military-Academic Cooperation during the 455(16)
Vietnam War
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Dr. Takemi: President of the Japan Medical 471(14)
Association
Shiro Sakaguchi
Drug Induced Sufferings 485(19)
Shiro Sakaguchi
Science in Popular Culture 504(12)
Kenji Kosaka
Ryoichiro Motohama
The Effects of Television on People's 516(13)
Consciousness
Ryoichiro Motohama
Kenji Kosaka
The `Buy Japanese' Campaign and Progress in 529(15)
Japanese Technology
Ryoichiro Motohama
Kenji Kosaka
The Growth of Science Journalism 544(15)
Yukio Wakamatsu
Consolidated Bibliography 559
Figures ix
Tables x
Acknowledgements xii
Introduction: The Transformation Period 1 (80)
1970-1979
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Part I: Pollution, Environment and Safety
Problems
Pollution and Environmental Protection 81 (13)
Zenji Suzuki
The Development of Anti-Pollution Technology 94 (14)
Tsutomu Demizu
Defective Cars and Product Liability 108(13)
Sanae Hara
Environmental Issues and Citizens' Movements 121(12)
Kiyoshi Toda
Environmental Journalism in the 1970s 133(16)
Yukio Wakamatsu
The Industrialization of Agriculture, 149(20)
Animal Husbandry, Forestry and Fishery
Kiyoshi Toda
Koyu Furusawa
Part II: Energy and Resource Problems
The Oil Crisis and Energy Saving Policies 169(20)
Kunio Goto
Reorganization of the Administration and 189(19)
Regulation of Nuclear Development
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Nuclear Power Plant Location Disputes 208(25)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Development of Nuclear Fuel-Cycle 233(23)
Technology
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Development of Nuclear Fusion Research 256(18)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
The Social Background of Alternative Energy 274(15)
Development
Miwao Matsumoto
Part III: Diversified Development of Science
and Technology Policies
Scientific and Technological Cooperation 289(11)
with Developing Countries
Shigeru Nakayama
The Second and Third National Development 300(13)
Plans
Kunio Goto
The Development of Think Tanks and Their 313(16)
Contribution to Policy Formulation
Katsuhiro Arai
Funding Big Academic Projects 329(11)
Shigeru Nakayama
Private Funding for Scientific Research 340(15)
Yoshinori Yamaoka
The Training of Science and Technology 355(16)
Specialists
Katsuhiro Arai
`Over Doctors' and the Market for 371(27)
Researchers
Nobuki Nakayama
Problems with the Compulsory Health 398(15)
Insurance System
Saburo Nishi
Part IV: The Rise of Knowledge-intensiveand
High Technology Industries
Towards a Knowledge-intensive Industrial 413(12)
Structure
Shuichi Tsukahara
The National Promotion of `Life Science' 425(20)
Hikaru Saitoh
Military Aircraft and Domestic Technology 445(16)
Hitoshi Yoshioka
Liberalization of the Computer Market 461(16)
Hideto Nakajima
Japan's Semiconductor Industry 477(16)
Hideto Nakajima
Growth of the Software Industry 493(14)
Kotaro Nakazu
Automation of the Manufacturing Industry 507(12)
Tsutomu Demizu
High-tech Medicine 519(9)
Shiro Sakaguchi
Consolidated Bibliography 528(39)
Index 567