ササン朝ペルシア帝国衰亡の謎<br>Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire : The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran

ササン朝ペルシア帝国衰亡の謎
Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire : The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran

  • ただいまウェブストアではご注文を受け付けておりません。 ⇒古書を探す
  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 537 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781845116453
  • DDC分類 935.07

基本説明

Proposes a convincing contemporary answer to an ages-old mystery and conundrum: why, in the seventh century CE, did the seemingly powerful and secure Sasanian empire of Persia succumb so quickly and disastrously to the all-conquering Arab armies of Islam?

Full Description


"Decline and Fall of the Sasanians" has already been praised as one of the most intellectually exciting books about ancient Persia to have been published for years. It proposes a convincing contemporary answer to an ages-old mystery and conundrum: why, in the seventh century CE, did the seemingly powerful and secure Sasanian empire of Persia succumb so quickly and disastrously to the all-conquering Arab armies of Islam? Offering an impressive appraisal of the Sasanians' nemesis at the hands of the Arab forces which scythed all before them, the author suggests a bold solution to the enigma. On the face of it, the collapse of the Sasanians - given their strength and imperial power in the earlier part of the century - looks startling and inexplicable. But Professor Pourshariati explains their fall in terms of an earlier corrosion and decline, and as a result of their own internal weaknesses. The decentralised dynastic system of the Sasanian empire, whose backbone was a Sasanian-Parthian alliance, contained the seeds of its own destruction. This confederacy soon became unstable, and its degeneration sealed the fate of a doomed dynasty.

Table of Contents

Note on transliteration and citation               xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction 1 (5)
The problem 6 (4)
Sources and methodology 10 (9)
Preliminaries 19 (12)
The Arsacids 19 (8)
Agnatic families 27 (4)
I. Political History 31 (288)
Sasanian polity revisited: the 33 (128)
Sasanian--Parthian confederacy
Sasanians / Arsacids 37 (22)
Christensen's thesis 47 (6)
Dynasticism 53 (3)
Early Sasanian period 56 (3)
Yazdgird I, Bahram V Gur, and Yazdgird II 59 (11)
/ the Surens
Mihr Narseh Suren 60 (5)
Yazdgird I 65 (2)
Bahram V Gur 67 (3)
Yazdgird II 70 (1)
Piruz / the Mihrans 70 (5)
Izad Gushnasp Mihran 71 (3)
Shapur Mihran 74 (1)
Bilash and Qubad / the Karins 75 (8)
Bilash 75 (1)
Sukhra Karin 76 (2)
Qubad 78 (2)
Shapur Razi Mihran 80 (2)
Mazdakite uprising 82 (1)
Khusrow I Nowshirvan / the Mihrans, the 83 (35)
Ispahbudhan, and the Karins
Khusrow I's reforms 83 (2)
Interlude: Letter of Tansar 85 (9)
The four generals 94 (7)
The Mihrans 101 (3)
The Ispahbudhan 104 (8)
The Karins 112 (6)
Hormozd IV / the Mihrans 118 (12)
Bahram-i Mah Adhar 119 (1)
Simah-i Burzin Karin 120 (2)
Bahram-i Chubin Mihran 122 (8)
Khusrow II Parviz / the Ispahbudhan 130 (31)
Vistahm Ispahbudhan 131 (5)
Smbat Bagratuni 136 (4)
The last great war of antiquity 140 (2)
Shahrvaraz Mihran 142 (4)
Farrukh Hormozd Ispahbudhan 146 (7)
Khusrow II's deposition 153 (8)
The Arab conquest of Iran 161 (126)
Question of sources: the futuh and Xw 161 (12)
aday-Namag traditions
Futuh 164 (2)
Revisiting Sayf's dating 166 (7)
Shiruyih Qubad and Ardashir III: the 173 (10)
three armies
Shiruyih Qubad 173 (5)
Ardashir III 178 (1)
Shahrvaraz's insurgency 179 (4)
Burandukht and Azarmidukht: the 183 (36)
Parsig-Pahlav rivalry
The Ispahbudhan 186 (4)
Analepsis: Arab conquest of Iraq 190 (14)
Azarmidukht and the Parsig 204 (3)
Burandukht and the Pahlav 207 (7)
The battle of Bridge 214 (5)
Yazdgird III: Arab conquest of Iran 219 (62)
The conquest of Ctesiphon 224 (12)
The conquest of Khuzistan 236 (4)
The conquest of Media 240 (9)
The conquest of Rayy 249 (4)
The conquest of Gurgan and Tabaristan 253 (7)
The mutiny of Farrukhzad 260 (5)
The conquest of Khurasan and the mutiny 265 (13)
of the Kanarangiyan
The conquest of Azarbayjan 278 (3)
Epilogue: repercussions for early Islamic 281 (6)
history
Dynastic polities of Tabaristan 287 (32)
The Al-i Bavand 288 (6)
Kayus 288 (1)
Bav 289 (5)
The Karins in Tabaristan 294 (4)
The Al-i Jamasp 298 (5)
Jamasp 298 (3)
Piruz 301 (1)
Jil-i Jilanshah 302 (1)
The Arab conquest of Tabaristan 303 (11)
Peace treaty with Farrukhzad and Jil-i 304 (4)
Jilanshah
Farrukhan-i Bozorg Dhu 'l-Manaqib 308 (2)
Yazid b. Muhallab's unsuccessful 310 (4)
conquest of 716-718
Khurshid Shah 314 (5)
The spahbed Karin 314 (1)
Sunbad's murder 315 (1)
Khurshid's death and the final conquest 316 (3)
of Tabaristan
II. Religious Currents 319 (134)
Sasanian religious landscape 321 (76)
Post-Avestan period 321 (3)
Orthodoxy - Heterodoxy 324 (26)
Two pillars: the monarchy and the 324 (3)
clergy?
Kirdir 327 (7)
Aturpat 334 (5)
Zurvanism 339 (2)
Zandiks 341 (1)
Circle of Justice 342 (2)
Mazdakite heresy 344 (3)
Jewish and Christian communities 347 (3)
Mihr worship 350 (18)
Mithra 351 (7)
Mihr worship in the Achaemenid and the 358 (2)
Arsacid periods
The Parsig-Pahlav religious dichotomy 360 (8)
Mihr worship in the quarters of the north 368 (24)
and east
Mihr worship in Tabaristan 369 (9)
Mihr worship among the Mihran 378 (1)
Mihr worship among the Karin 379 (7)
Mihr worship in Armenia 386 (6)
Conclusion 392 (5)
Revolts of late antiquity in Khurasan and 397 (56)
Tabaristan
Bahram-i Chubin 397 (17)
Mithraic purview of Bahram-i Chubin's 398 (6)
rebellion
Bahram-i Chubin and the apocalypse 404 (10)
The 'Abbasid revolution 414 (12)
Inner-Outer Khurasan 417 (3)
Post-conquest Iran and contemporary 420 (6)
scholarship
Bihafarid 426 (11)
Interlude: Arda Wiraz Nama 431 (1)
Mithraic purview of Bihafarid's 432 (5)
rebellion
Sunbad the Sun Worshipper 437 (14)
Sunbad and Bahram-i Chubin: recurrent 441 (1)
narrative motifs
Mithraic purview of Sunbad's rebellion 442 (3)
Sunbad and the apocalypse 445 (2)
Gentilitial background of Sunbad 447 (4)
Conclusion 451 (2)
Conclusion 453 (14)
Tables, figures and map 467 (6)
Key 467 (1)
Conquest of Iraq 468 (1)
Conquest of Iran 469 (1)
Seals 470 (1)
Genealogical tree 471 (1)
Map of the Sasanian empire 472 (1)
Bibliography 473 (26)
Glossary 499 (10)
Index 509