神経心理学:理論と実際<br>Neuropsychology : From Theory to Practice

神経心理学:理論と実際
Neuropsychology : From Theory to Practice

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 624 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781841692913
  • DDC分類 612.8

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2001. Provides contemporary models of neuropsychological disorders of perception, attention, memory, language, emotion and movement.

Full Description


This comprehensive textbook provides an up-to-date and accessible account of the theories that seek to explain the complex relationship between brain and behaviour. Drawing on the latest research findings from the disciplines of neuropsychology, neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience and cognitive neuropsychology, the author provides contemporary models of neuropsychological processes. The book provides a fresh perspective that takes into account the modern advances of functional neuroimaging and other new research techniques. The emphasis at all times is on bridging the gap between theory and practice - discussion of theoretical models is framed in a clinical context and the author makes frequent use of case studies to illustrate the clinical context. There is coverage of the neuropsychology of disorders associated with areas such as perception, attention, memory and language, emotion, and movement. A third-generation text, this book uniquely aims to integrate these different areas by describing the common influences of these functions. Following on from this there is information on the clinical management of patients in the area of recovery and rehabilitation.These last chapters focus on the author's own experience and illustrate the importance of a more systematic approach to intervention, which takes into account theoretical views of recovery from brain damage. Neuropsychology: From Theory to Practice is the first comprehensive textbook to cover research from all disciplines committed to understanding neuropsychology. It will provide a valuable resource for students, professionals and clinicians.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            11 (1)
An introduction to modern neuropsychology 1 (34)
General introduction 1 (1)
Functional neuroanatomy 2 (13)
An introduction to historical and modern 15 (16)
research perspectives within neuropsychology
A guide to issues covered 31 (4)
Disorders of perception 35 (50)
Introduction 35 (2)
Visual sensation 37 (4)
The organisation of perception: 41 (8)
hierarchical and parallel modular systems
Clinical disorders of perception 49 (11)
Object recognition 60 (4)
The special case of face recognition 64 (14)
Awareness of perceptual deficit and imagery 78 (3)
Bottom-up versus top-down disorders and the 81 (4)
executive influence
Executive dysfunction 85 (54)
Executive dysfunction 85 (3)
Features of executive dysfunction 88 (16)
Executive dysfunction following subcortical 104(4)
atrophy
Models of the executive system 108(13)
Executive dysfunction and the prefrontal 121(9)
cortex: the orbital, dorsolateral, and
medial systems
Towards a model of executive function 130(5)
Why executive function? 135(4)
Disorders of attention 139(68)
Introduction 139(1)
A brief historical background of theory 140(27)
A clinical description of attention 167(13)
disorders
Models of neglect 180(16)
Relationships between attention and 196(4)
perception within attentional disorders
Attention and working memory 200(1)
Relationship between terms of attention and 201(3)
process
Overview 204(3)
Memory disorders 207(64)
Introduction 207(1)
A neuropsychological model of memory 208(20)
Neuropsychological issues and memory 228(10)
disorders
Amnesia 238(15)
Theoretical perspectives on retrograde 253(6)
amnesia
A neuropsychological model of memory 259(12)
Disorders of cerebral symmetry 271(20)
Introduction 271(4)
The split-brain operation 275(2)
The split-brain disconnection syndromes 277(1)
Specialised contributions of the two 277(8)
hemispheres
Alien hand and conscious awareness 285(1)
The clinical presentation of disconnection 286(1)
syndrome
Recovery from split-brain surgery 287(1)
The nature of interhemispheric integration 288(3)
Language disorders 291(1)
PART 1: LANGUAGE SYNDROMES AND LANGUAGE 291(47)
DISORDERS
Introduction 291(1)
Historical notes 292(3)
Some introductory concepts: the example of 295(3)
anomia
The language area 298(1)
A model of language disorders 298(4)
The perisylvian aphasias 302(17)
The transcortical aphasias 319(6)
Subcortical aphasia 325(4)
Language and the right hemisphere 329(3)
Towards a new model of language disorders 332(6)
PART 2: A COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL 338(167)
PERSPECTIVE
Anomia according to sensory modality 338(7)
Acalculia 345(4)
The agraphias 349(2)
Alexia and agraphia 351(2)
The acquired dyslexias 353(7)
Final comment 360(3)
Movement disorders 363(34)
Introduction 363(2)
The primary motor and sensory areas 365(5)
The cortical motor system 370(5)
Apraxia and the motor engram 375(5)
The basal ganglia system 380(10)
The cerebellum system 390(4)
General summary 394(3)
Emotional disorders 397(52)
Introduction 397(4)
The emotional system 401(23)
Further aspects of emotional and social 424(2)
dysfunction from the clinical perspective
Theories of lateralised emotional 426(7)
expression within the clinical context
Neuropsychological theories of emotional 433(11)
and social dysfunction in psychiatric
conditions
General summary 444(5)
Recovery from brain damage 449(28)
Introduction 449(2)
Mechanisms of recovery 451(13)
Features that influence the recovery 464(8)
process: a clinical perspective
Factors that encourage recovery 472(5)
Rehabilitation 477(24)
Introduction 477(4)
The application of techniques 481(7)
The limitations of the patient 488(9)
General comments 497(1)
Addendum 1 498(1)
Addendum 2 499(2)
Integration between neuropsychological 501(4)
functions
Towards a third-generation text on 501(1)
neuropsychology
Links within the long-term memory store 502(1)
(LTMS): the influence of past experience on
memory, attention, perception, and language
Attention within perception 503(1)
Executive influences on attention, 503(2)
perception, memory, and language
Appendix 505(4)
References 509(66)
Author Index 575(18)
Subject Index 593