Plastics and Composites : Welding Handbook

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Plastics and Composites : Welding Handbook

  • ウェブストア価格 ¥19,496(本体¥17,724)
  • Hanser Pub Inc(2003/05発売)
  • 外貨定価 US$ 129.99
  • ウェブストア限定 全点ポイント5倍キャンペーン(6/24~6/28)
  • ポイント 885pt
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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 407 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781569903131
  • DDC分類 620.1923

Table of Contents

Preface                                            vii
Introduction 1 (10)
Joining of Plastics and Composites 1 (2)
Plastics and Composites 3 (3)
Classification of Welding Processes 6 (1)
Goals of the Handbook 7 (1)
How to Use the Handbook 8 (1)
Suggested Reading on Polymers 9 (1)
Suggested Reading on Composites 9 (2)
Fundamental Steps in Plastics and 11 (18)
Composites Welding
Introduction 11 (1)
Surface Preparation 11 (1)
Heating 12 (6)
Pressing 18 (5)
Intermolecular Diffusion 23 (2)
Cooling 25 (2)
References 27 (2)
Heated Tool (Hot Plate) Welding 29 (44)
Introduction 29 (1)
Process Description 30 (8)
Conventional Hot Plate Welding 30 (3)
Variants of Hot Plate Welding 33 (1)
High Temperature Welding 33 (1)
Non-Contact Hot Plate Welding 34 (1)
Welding Parameters 35 (2)
Determination of Melt Layer Thickness 37 (1)
Quality Control 38 (1)
Control of Processing Parameters 38 (1)
Statistical Process Control (SPC) 38 (1)
Continuous Process Control 39 (1)
Equipment Description 39 (6)
Sequence of Operation of Semi-Automatic 39 (2)
Welding Machines
Sequence of Operations of Fully 41 (4)
Automatic Machines
Joint and Part Design 45 (6)
Applications 51 (15)
Production Applications 51 (6)
Hot Plate Welding of Plastic Pipes 57 (1)
Butt Fusion 57 (5)
Socket Fusion 62 (2)
Saddle/Sidewall Fusion 64 (2)
Material Weldability 66 (3)
Material Influences 66 (1)
Welding of Different Thermoplastics 66 (1)
Additives 67 (1)
Recycled Material 67 (1)
Moisture 67 (1)
Welding of Plastics with Different Melt 68 (1)
Viscosities
Troubleshooting 69 (2)
Acknowledgements 71 (1)
References 71 (2)
Hot Gas Welding 73 (18)
Introduction 73 (1)
Physics of the Process 74 (1)
Process Description 75 (8)
Manual Welding 80 (1)
Speed Welding 80 (1)
Welder Consistency 81 (2)
Equipment 83 (3)
Hot Gas Gun 83 (1)
Air/Gas Source 83 (1)
Temperature Control 84 (1)
Welding Tips 84 (2)
Joint Design 86 (2)
Applications 88 (2)
References 90 (1)
Extrusion Welding 91 (18)
Introduction 91 (1)
Process Physics 92 (1)
Process Description 93 (3)
Equipment 96 (5)
Stationary Extruder with Movable 96 (1)
Welding Head
Manual or Hand-Held Extrusion Welder 97 (1)
Film Welding System 98 (1)
Welder with Manual Transfer of Filler 99 (1)
Material
Moveable Welder with Melt Chamber 100(1)
Welding Shoes 100(1)
Joint Design 101(4)
Applications 105(3)
References 108(1)
Implant Induction (Electromagnetic) Welding 109(14)
Introduction 109(1)
Process Physics 110(2)
Process Description 112(2)
Equipment 114(2)
Joint Design 116(1)
Material Weldability 117(1)
Applications 118(3)
References 121(2)
Resistive Implant Welding 123(18)
Introduction 123(3)
Process Description 126(2)
Process Physics 128(2)
Power Supplies and Power Delivery 130(1)
Applications 131(7)
Electrofusion Welding of Thermoplastic 131(1)
Pipes
Introduction 131(1)
The Electrofusion Welding Technique 132(1)
Design of Electrofusion Fittings 132(2)
Operating Voltage and Power Supply 134(1)
Preparation of Joints 134(1)
Stages in Electrofusion Welding 135(1)
Resistive Implant Welding Using Tape 136(1)
Resistive Implant Welding of Advanced 137(1)
Composites
References 138(3)
Ultrasonic Welding 141(48)
Introduction 141(2)
Process Description 143(3)
Plunge Ultrasonic Welding 143(2)
Continuous Ultrasonic Welding 145(1)
Process Control 145(1)
Physics of Process 146(4)
Near-Field Ultrasonic Welding 146(4)
Far-Field Welding 150(1)
Equipment Description 150(9)
Selection of the Proper Equipment 157(2)
Joint and Part Design 159(10)
The Importance of Part Design 159(1)
Design Factors 159(1)
The Energy Director Design 160(1)
Shear Joints 161(2)
Part Design 163(3)
Ultrasonic Insertion 166(1)
Ultrasonic Staking 167(1)
Spot Welding 168(1)
Applications 169(6)
Plunge Welding Applications 169(4)
Continuous Applications 173(2)
Material Weldability 175(4)
Material Properties 175(1)
Fillers 176(1)
Materials 176(3)
Setup and Troubleshooting 179(8)
Basic Procedures for Ultrasonic Welder 179(1)
Setup
Conditioning of Converter/Booster/Horn 180(1)
Stack (Stack Assembly)
Alignment and Leveling of Ultrasonic 180(1)
Horn/Part/Fixture as a System
Selecting the Optimal Process Parameters 181(2)
Troubleshooting Guide 183(4)
References 187(2)
Linear and Orbital Vibration Welding 189(40)
Introduction 189(1)
Process Description 190(4)
Linear Vibration Welding 190(2)
Orbital Vibration Welding 192(1)
Process Control 193(1)
Process Physics 194(6)
Welding Equipment 200(5)
Linear/Orbital Vibration Welding 200(4)
Equipment
Component Tooling 204(1)
Joint and Component Design 205(9)
Joint Design -- Designs without Flash 205(4)
Containment
Joint Design -- Designs with Flash 209(4)
Containment
Selecting the Most Suitable Joint Design 213(1)
Component Design 213(1)
Applications 214(2)
Material Weldability 216(3)
Fillers 218(1)
Equipment Setup 219(9)
Welding Parameters and Welding 219(1)
Parameter Setup
Vibration Amplitude and Frequency 220(1)
Weld Force/Pressure 220(1)
Cool Time 221(1)
Welding Modes 222(1)
Welding by Time 222(1)
Weld by Melt Depth/Displacement 222(1)
Fault Identification 222(6)
References 228(1)
Spin Welding 229(20)
Introduction 229(1)
Process Description 230(2)
Spin Welding Process 230(1)
Spin Welding Modes 231(1)
Inertial Spin Welding Mode 231(1)
Drive Spin Welding Mode 231(1)
Physics of the Process 232(5)
Process Phases 232(2)
Solid-to-Solid Frictional Heating 234(2)
(Phase I)
Viscoelastic Heating (Phase III) 236(1)
Equipment Description 237(3)
Equipment Components 237(3)
Applications 240(4)
Joint Design 242(2)
Material Weldability 244(3)
Setup and Troubleshooting 247(1)
References 248(1)
Radio Frequency Welding 249(22)
Introduction 249(1)
Process Description 250(2)
RF Welding 250(1)
RF Sealing and Cutting 251(1)
Physics of the Process 252(5)
The Electric Field 252(3)
Molecular Heating 255(2)
Equipment Description 257(5)
Equipment Components 257(1)
Fixture Design 258(2)
Selection of the Proper Equipment and 260(2)
Power Requirements
Applications 262(2)
Material Weldability 264(3)
Setup and Troubleshooting 267(3)
References 270(1)
Infrared and Laser Welding 271(42)
Introduction 271(1)
Process Description 272(14)
Surface Heating 273(1)
Through Transmission IR Welding 274(3)
IR/Laser Staking 277(3)
Heating Configurations 280(5)
IR Welding and Cutting 285(1)
Physics of the Process 286(8)
The Electromagnetic Spectrum 286(1)
Molecular Absorption and Composition 287(5)
Interactions
Heating Equation 292(2)
Equipment Description 294(6)
Equipment Components 294(3)
IR Sources 297(3)
Applications 300(4)
Material Weldability 304(4)
Effects of Additives and Fillers 306(1)
Effects of Dies and Pigments 307(1)
Setup and Troubleshooting 308(1)
References 309(4)
Microwave Welding 313(22)
Introduction 313(1)
Process Description 314(1)
Physics of the Process 315(10)
Microwave Heating 315(1)
Conductive Polymers as Microwave 316(1)
Absorbers
Modes of Microwave Applications 317(1)
Multi-Mode 317(1)
Single-Mode 318(3)
Heat Generation Rate 321(4)
Equipment Description 325(2)
Equipment Components 325(2)
Applications 327(1)
Material Weldability 327(7)
Multi-Mode Microwave Welding of HDPE 327(3)
Single-Mode Microwave Welding of HDPE 330(2)
Single-Mode Microwave Welding of Nylon 332(1)
Additional Materials 333(1)
References 334(1)
Guidelines for Process Selection 335(26)
Introduction 335(1)
Summary of Process Characteristics 336(7)
Hot Plate Welding 336(1)
Hot Gas and Extrusion Welding 337(1)
Implant Induction Welding 337(1)
Implant Resistance Welding 338(1)
Ultrasonic Welding 338(1)
Vibration and Orbital Welding 339(1)
Spin Welding 340(1)
Dielectric Welding 341(1)
Laser and IR Welding 341(1)
Microwave Welding 342(1)
Process Selection 343(4)
Material Characteristics 343(1)
Part Size and Joint Geometry 344(1)
Manufacturing Requirements and Cost 345(1)
Analysis
How to Select the Most Appropriate 345(347)
Welding Process?
Industrial Applications 347(14)
Hot Plate/Heated Tool Welding 347(3)
Hot Gas and Extrusion Welding 350(1)
Implant Induction Welding 351(1)
Ultrasonic Welding 352(2)
Vibration and Orbital Welding 354(2)
Spin Welding 356(1)
RF Welding 357(2)
Laser and IR Welding 359(2)
Testing of Weld Joints 361(32)
Non-Destructive Testing 362(12)
Visual Inspection 363(5)
X-Ray Testing and Ultrasonic Testing 368(2)
Leak-Tightness Testing 370(3)
Testing with High Voltage 373(1)
Destructive Testing 374(16)
Tensile Test 374(4)
Tensile Impact Test 378(1)
Bend Test 379(5)
Tensile Creep Test 384(6)
References 390(3)
Index 393