魔術と中世社会<br>Magic and Medieval Society (Seminar Studies in History)

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魔術と中世社会
Magic and Medieval Society (Seminar Studies in History)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 145 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781408270509
  • DDC分類 133.430940902

Full Description


Magic and Medieval Society presents a thematic approach to the topic of magic and sorcery in Western Europe between the eleventh and the fifteenth century. It aims to provide readers with the conceptual and documentary tools to reach informed conclusions as to the existence, nature, importance and uses of magic in medieval society. Contrary to some previous approaches, the authors argue that magic is inextricably connected to other areas of cultural practice and was found across medieval society. Therefore, the book is arranged thematically, covering topics such as the use of magic at medieval courts, at universities and within the medieval Church itself.Each chapter and theme is supported by additional documents, diagrams and images to allow readers to examine the evidence side-by-side with the discussions in the chapters and to come to informed conclusions on the issues. This book puts forward the argument that the witch craze was not a medieval phenomenon but rather the product of the Renaissance and the Reformation, and demonstrates how the components for the early-modern prosecution of witches were put into place.This new Seminar Study is supported by a comprehensive documents section, chronology, who's who and black-and-white plate section. It offers a concise and thought-provoking introduction for students of medieval history.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   viii
Chronology ix
Who's who xiii
Glossary xx
List of plates xxiii
Introduction 1 (3)
1 Magic and Politics 4 (9)
2 Magic in the Church 13 (14)
Monks and charms 13 (4)
Palmistry and divination 17 (2)
Monastic astrology? 19 (2)
Peter Lombard, Gratian and the 21 (2)
development of law and theology in
relation to magic
The Pope who was a necromancer: the Black 23 (4)
Legend of Gerbert of Aurillac
3 The Universities 27 (17)
Magic and the twelfth-century Renaissance 27 (3)
Classifications of magic 30 (3)
Astrology and the astrolabe 33 (2)
Astral and image magic: the bases of 35 (2)
ritual magic
The Ars Notoria 37 (1)
The Sworn Book of Honorius 38 (2)
Alchemy 40 (1)
Dealing with the growth of magical 41 (3)
literature
4 Magic and Secular Society 44 (16)
Gerald of Wales on miracles, wonders and 45 (3)
magic in Wales and Ireland
Penitentials, confessors' manuals and 48 (4)
early lawcodes
Natural magic and its uses 52 (2)
Lapidaries 54 (2)
Herbals 56 (1)
Bestiaries 57 (2)
Conclusion 59 (1)
5 Medical Magic 60 (15)
The problem of charms 61 (2)
Natural magic and medical magic 63 (3)
Astrology and medicine 66 (3)
The Zodiac Man 69 (1)
Medicine, magic and popular practice 70 (5)
6 Conclusion: The Rise of Magical Crime 75 (14)
William of Auvergne 76 (2)
Ritual magic and Aquinas's demonology 78 (2)
Fourteenth-century show trials 80 (2)
Heresy and witchcraft 82 (5)
The onset of the witch craze 87 (2)
DOCUMENTS 89 (42)
1 Sibylline prophecies 90 (1)
2 Joachim of Fiore and Richard I 90 (2)
3 Report of astrological fears and 92 (1)
predictions in 1186
4 Roger Bacon, Introduction to the Great 93 (1)
Work, 1266
5 John of Salisbury, Policraticus 93 (2)
6 Michael Scot and the Emperor Frederick 95 (2)
II
7 Twelfth-century Anglo-Norman horoscopes 97 (1)
8 Prognostication by thunder 98 (1)
9 Excerpts from the Dream-book of the 99 (1)
Prophet Daniel
10 Peter Lombard, Sentences 100 (1)
11 Gratian, Decretum (Decretals) 101 (1)
12 Magical circles, demons and necromancy 102 (2)
13 William of Malmesbury on Gerbert of 104 (2)
Aurillac
14 Hugh of St Victor, Didascalicon 106 (1)
15 Adelard of Bath, Treatise on the 107 (2)
astrolabe
16 Ars Notoria: General instructions, and 109 (2)
texts relating to astronomy
17 The Emerald Table 111 (1)
18 Magical books in universities 112 (1)
19 Penitentials 113 (1)
20 Lapidary 113 (2)
21 Herbals 115 (2)
22 The Bestiary 117 (1)
23 On animals 118 (1)
24 Sphere of Apuleius 119 (1)
25 Zodiac Man 120 (1)
26 Speculum astronomiae 121 (1)
27 Guibert de Nogent, Monodies 122 (1)
(Melancholy Memoirs)
28 Albertus Magnus on precious stones 122 (2)
29 On natural magic 124 (1)
30 St Thomas Aquinas on demons 125 (2)
31 Super Illius Specula 127 (1)
32 Bernard Gui, Manual for Inquisitors 128 (1)
33 Stephen Tempier, List of condemned 129 (2)
opinions and works, 1277
Bibliography 131 (9)
Index 140