The City has always been a strong focal point for critical social enquiry given its undisputed centrality for human life in the modern era. More recently, there has been a surge of interest in the postmodern city, the most popular subject being Los Angeles and the global city' the New Yorks, Londons and Tokyos of the world cities linked together through flows of finance. This book seeks to redress the balance using Liverpool, a city neither recognised as a global' or postmodern', as its focus. Although Liverpool is the central theme of the book, it gives an informed comparative overview of the city in a worldwide context. The introductory chapter sets the scene for the various contributions by re-examining the postmodern global city thesis, surveying various attempts at regenerating cities like Liverpool and critically examining attempts and prospects for transforming the city. The following chapters examine in detail the cultural, social, and economic legacy of the city. Particular emphasis is placed on the people of Liverpool young and old, and how they envisage the city developing.
Introduction: The City, Globalisation and Social Transformation Ronaldo Munck Part I: Regeneration 1. The Contemporary City: A Critical Perspective Karen Evans 2. From World City to Pariah City? Liverpool and the Global Economy, 1850-2000 Stuart Wilks-Heeg 3. Richard Meegan 4. Enhancing Spaces of Inclusion: Governance and the Urban Regeneration Litany Peris Jones Part II: Perspectives 5. Gendered Perspectives Colette Fagan 6. 'Ethnic' Perspectives Ola Uduku 7. Youth Perspectives Barry Goldson 8. Elders' Perspectives John Lansley Part III: Transformation 9. Living in the City: Poverty and Social Exclusion Tony Novak 10. Images of the City David Hall 11. Community Development: Rhetoric and Reality Barney Rooney 12. Futures for Liverpool Gideon Ben-Tovim