Forests at the Land-Atmosphere Interface

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Forests at the Land-Atmosphere Interface

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 304 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780851996776
  • DDC分類 634.9015515

Full Description


Forest ecosystems exist at the interface between the land and the atmosphere. Understanding the properties of this planetary boundary layer is very important for a number of related disciplines. This book presents an overview of topics that are of significance at this interface, starting at the scale of intra-leaf organelles, ranging to higher levels of organisation such as communities and ecosystems. It covers topics such as stomatal functioning, large scale processes, radiation modelling, forest meteorology and carbon sequestration. Based on proceedings of a conference to mark the retirement of Professor Paul Jarvis from the University of Edinburgh, the book contains contributions from leading international scientists. It will be of significant interest to researchers in forestry, ecology, environmental sciences and natural resources.

Contents

Part I1: Stomatal control of transpiration: A major dilemma 100 years ago, T A Mansfield, University of Lancaster, UK2: Stomata as part of the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum, R Leuning, CSIRO, Canberra, Australia, A Tuzet and A Perrier, INRA-INA, France3: Effects of elevated CO2 concentration on stomatal conductance and respiration of beech leaves at darkness, D Overdieck, Institut fur OEkologie, Berlin, GermanyPart II: Large Scale Processes4: Top-down models and flux measurements are complementary methods of estimating carbon sequestration by forests: Illustrations using the 3-PGmodel, J Landsberg, Aranda, Canberra, Australia and R H Waring, Oregon State University, USA5: The effects of forest on mesoscale atmospheric processes, A J Dolman, M K van der Molen, Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands, H W ter Maat and R W A Hutjes, Green World Research, The Netherlands6: The diurnal cycle over land, A K Betts, Atmospheric Research, Pittsford, USA7: Medium and long-term ecosystem processes: Implications at the forest-atmosphere interface, F Berninger, University of Helsinki, FinlandPart III: Radiation Modelling8: A MAESTRO retrospective, B Medlyn, University of New South Wales, Australia9: Thermal radiation, canopy temperature and evaporation from forest canopies, H G Jones, N Archer, University of Dundee, Scotland and E Rotenberg, Weizmann Institute of Science, IsraelPart IV: Forest Meteorology10: Forest-air exchange in non-ideal conditions: The role of horizontal flux and its divergence, X Lee, Yale University, New Haven, USA11: A review of forest evaporation studies, in Britain during the second half of the twentieth century, J B Stewart, University of Southampton, UK12: Scaling the estimate of maximum canopy conductance from patch to region and comparison of aircraft measurements, Y-P Wang, CSIRO, Victoria, Australia, et al.Part V: Carbon Sequestration13: Land sinks: The Kyoto process and scientific implications, M G R Cannell, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Midlothian, UK14: Spatial and temporal assessment of biospheric carbon fluxes at continental scale by neural-network optimisation, D Papale and R Valentini, University of Tuscia, Italy15: Scaling carbon uptake from leaves to canopies: insights from two forests with contrasting properties, D Whitehead, Landcare Research, New Zealand, et al.Part VI: From Science to Natural Resource Management16: Links between science and forest management: As illustrated by a model of branch development, J C Grace, New Zealand Forest Research Institute, New Zealand17: Thoughts on forest science, D C Malcolm, University of Edinburgh, Scotland