Curcurbits (Crop Production Science in Horticulture)

Curcurbits (Crop Production Science in Horticulture)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 226 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780851991337
  • DDC分類 635.61

Full Description


Cucurbits include cucumbers, gourds, muskmelons, pumpkins, squashes and watermelons. As such they represent one of the largest and most important groups of horticultural food plants, and are grown throughout the world. In common with other books in this series, the aim of this book is to present the scientific principles that relate to the biology and production of these crops, in a way that is accessible to a non-specialist audience. The first chapter describes the distribution, taxonomy, morphology and anatomy of cucurbits, before discussing their growth and development. The next two chapters cover evolution, uses, chemical composition, genetics and breeding. There is then a discussion of the main crops, including their botany, origin, uses, cultivars, breeding and culture. The book covers production in both greenhouses and in the open field, and in developing as well as industrialised countries. Overall, the book provides a comprehensive but succinct review, suitable for students of horticulture as well as scientifically-inclined growers.

Table of Contents

PREFACE                                            vii
1 WHAT ARE CUCURBITS? 1 (22)
Distribution and ecology 1 (1)
Nomenclature 1 (1)
Taxonomy 2 (4)
Morphology and anatomy 6 (8)
Growth and development 14 (9)
2 EVOLUTION AND EXPLOITATION 23 (16)
Evolutionary history 23 (1)
Uses 24 (3)
Commercial production areas and importance 27 (3)
Cucurbits as weeds 30 (1)
Chemical composition 31 (8)
3 GENETICS AND BREEDING 39 (19)
Cytology 39 (2)
Genes 41 (6)
The mechanics of plant breeding 47 (8)
Genetic engineering 55 (3)
4 MAJOR AND MINOR CROPS 58 (55)
Cucumber, melon and their relatives 58 (13)
Squash 71 (13)
Watermelon 84 (4)
Bottle gourd 88 (6)
Loofah 94 (3)
Bitter melon and related species 97 (4)
Wax gourd 101(4)
Chayote 105(4)
Other cucurbits 109(4)
5 CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS 113(32)
Introduction 113(1)
Effective seed germination 114(2)
Land preparation 116(1)
Planting, thinning and spacing for outdoor 117(7)
crops
Mulches and plant covers 124(1)
Glasshouse culture 125(4)
Grafting 129(1)
Temperature 131(3)
Daylength and light intensity 134(1)
Soil 135(1)
Fertilizer 135(6)
Irrigation 141(1)
Support, training and pruning 142(1)
Weed control 143(2)
6 FRUIT AND SEED PRODUCTION 145(19)
Controlling Sex Expression 145(3)
Pollination 148(4)
Harvesting 152(3)
Postharvest handling and storage 155(9)
7 DISEASES AND NEMATIODES 164(26)
Introduction 164(1)
Bacterial diseases 165(4)
Fungal diseases 169(13)
Viral and mycoplasmal diseases 182(6)
Nematodes 188(2)
8 INSECTS AND SPIDER MITES 190(13)
APPENDIX: COMMON CUCURBIT NAMES AND THEIR 203(4)
SCIENTIFIC NAME EQUIVALENTS
Sorted by common name 203(2)
Sorted by scientific name 205(2)
REFERENCES 207(10)
INDEX 217