視覚における知覚的体制化(会議録)<br>Perceptual Organization in Vision : Behavioral and Neural Perspectives (Carnegie Mellon Symposia on Cognition)

視覚における知覚的体制化(会議録)
Perceptual Organization in Vision : Behavioral and Neural Perspectives (Carnegie Mellon Symposia on Cognition)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 475 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780805838732
  • DDC分類 152.14

基本説明

Based on papers presented at the 31st Carnegie Symposium on Cognition, June 2000.
"The Carnegie Mellon Symposia on Cognition Series"

Full Description


Understanding visual perceptual organization remains a challenge for vision science. Perceptual Organization in Vision: Behavioral and Neural Perspectives explores ideas emanating from behavioral, developmental, neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and computational approaches to the problem of perceptual organization. The growing body of research on perceptual organization has converged on a number of critical issues, most of which are addressed in this volume. These include issues concerning the nature and order of organizational processes, the stimulus factors that engage the mechanisms of organization, the developmental stage at which the mechanisms of organization are available, the role of past experience and learning in organization, the neural mechanisms underlying perceptual organization, and the relations between perceptual organization and other cognitive processes, in particular, object recognition and visual attention. Divided into four parts, the book is designed not only to detail the current state of the art in the field but also to promote an interdisciplinary approach to the study of perceptual organization. Part I presents an overview of the problem of perceptual organization, different frameworks for understanding perceptual organization, and a state-of-the-art summary of the domain. Part II details which organizational processes are hardwired in the perceptual system, which are acquired through experience, and how object perception relates to other aspects of cognition. Part III describes various attempts to understand the neural mechanisms underlying perceptual organization using two different approaches--neurophysiological and neuropsychological. Part IV offers a computational approach to the problem. This book is intended for cognitive psychologists, neuroscientists, computational vision scientists, and developmental psychologists.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            vii
I. COGNITIVE APPROACHES TO PERCEPTUAL
ORGANIZATION
1 Perceptual Organization and Grouping 3 (42)
Stephen E. Palmer
2 Perceptual Grouping in Space and in 45 (42)
Space-Time: An Exercise in Phenomenological
Psychophysics
Michael Kubovy and Sergei Gepshtein
3 On Figures, Grounds, and Varieties of 87 (30)
Surface Completion
Mary A. Peterson
4 Visual Perceptual Organization: A 117(38)
Microgenetic Analysis
Ruth Kimchi
5 Visual Perception of Objects and 155(50)
Boundaries: A Four-Dimensional Approach
Philip J. Kellman
II. DEVELOPMENT AND LEARNING IN PERCEPTUAL
ORGANIZATION
6 The Development of Object Segregation 205(28)
During the First Year of Life
Amy Needham and Susan M. Ormsbee
7 Learning to Perceive While Perceiving to 233(48)
Learn
Robert L. Goldstone
III. NEURAL APPROACHES TO PERCEPTUAL
ORGANIZATION
8 Neural Coding of Border Ownership: 281(24)
Implications for the Theory of Figure-Ground
Perception
R iger von der Heydt, Hong Zhou and Howard
S. Friedman
9 Neuronal Correlates of Perceptual 305(32)
Organization in the Primate Visual System
Thomas D. Albright, Lisa J. Croner, Robert
O. Duncan, and Gene R. Stoner
10 Visual Perceptual Organization: Lessons 337(40)
From Lesions
Marlene Behrmann and Ruth Kimchi
11 Binding in Vision as a Multistage Process 377(26)
Glyn W. Humphreys
IV. COMPUTATIONAL APPROACHES TO PERCEPTUAL
ORGANIZATION
12 Perceptual Completion and Memory 403(28)
David W. Jacobs
13 Neural Basis of Attentive Perceptual 431(28)
Organization
Tai Sing Lee
Author Index 459(12)
Subject Index 471