第二次世界大戦と日本国憲法の起源(全2巻)<br>We, the Japanese People (2-Volume Set) : World War II and the Origins of the Japanese Constitution

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第二次世界大戦と日本国憲法の起源(全2巻)
We, the Japanese People (2-Volume Set) : World War II and the Origins of the Japanese Constitution

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 404 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780804734547
  • DDC分類 940.531440952

基本説明

当事者のインタビューと日米の記録を精査し、米占領軍から見た日本国憲法成立の過程を細さに描いた決定版ドキュメント。
This is the definitive story of how the United States attempted to turn Japan into a democratic and peace-loving nation by drafting a new constitution for its former enemy - and then pretending that the Japanese had written it.

Full Description


This is the definitive story of how the United States attempted to turn Japan into a democratic and peace-loving nation by drafting a new constitution for its former enemy - and then pretending that the Japanese had written it. Based on scores of interviews with participants in the process, as well as exhaustive research in Japanese and American records, the book explores in vivid detail the thinking and intentions behind the drafting of the constitution. Confusion and strife marked planning for the democratization of Japan, first in Washington, then in occupied Tokyo. Policy makers in the State, War, and Navy departments, the Joint Chiefs, and the White House contended bitterly over how to devise an "unconditional surrender" that would minimize Allied casualties while according the victor supreme authority over a soundly defeated Japan. By war's end, there were still no firm guidelines on a host of crucial issues, including how the Japanese system of government could be made acceptably democratic. The first months of occupation were chaotic, with General MacArthur organizing his staff around loyal followers and edging out experts sent from Washington. Hampered by a narrow interpretation of the terms of surrender and wishful thinking about Japanese compliance with American expectations, MacArthur set in motion a fiasco. Because of a translator's error, Prince Konoye, three-time Prime Minister of Japan, thought MacArthur had entrusted him with revising the Japanese constitution and assembled a staff of constitutional law experts and set to work. However, conservatives in the Japanese cabinet denounced his efforts and produced their own version, which MacArthur found unacceptable. MacArthur then secretly instructed his staff, with its very limited knowledge of either Japan or constitutional law, to draft a new Japanese constitution, which amazingly they did in a week's time. Expecting approval of its own draft, the Japanese cabinet was stunned when presented with a completely different American document. So unrelenting was the pressure exerted by MacArthur's officers that it was clear to members of the cabinet they had no choice but to adopt the American draft more or less intact, and publish it as their own. Because of the broad range of its meticulous research, the book will be a standard reference not only for students of Japanese history but also for legal scholars, diplomatic historians, and political scientists.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Acknowledgments xv
Unconditional Surrender and its Legacies 1 (33)
Uneasy Allies: Soviet Participation in the 34 (23)
Pacific War
Voices in the Wilderness 57 (44)
The Road to Potsdam: Defining Unconditional 101(19)
Surrender
Potsdam: The Politics of Deliverance 120(18)
``Come Hell or High Water'': Terms of 138(21)
Surrender for Japan
Planning for the Military Government of 159(31)
Japan, 1942-1944
``A Sunday School Flavor'': Planning for the 190(33)
Military Government of Japan, 1945
``The Velvet Glove'': Policy Toward the 223(182)
Emperor and Constitutional Reform
A Note on Citations and Abbreviations 249(6)
Notes to Volume One 255(150)
Under Siege: The Early Days of Occupation 405(33)
``Dust and Ashes'': The Konoe Affair 438(23)
``Opaque, Bureaucratic Secretiveness'': The 461(26)
Shidehara Government Looks at Constitutional
Reform
Atomic Sunshine Boys: The Rise of the 487(31)
Government Section
A ``Top Secret'' Constitutional Convention 518(9)
``For Your Convenience and Protection'': 527(186)
Negotiating with the Japanese Government
Epilogue 545(8)
APPENDIXS
Appendix A The Preamble 553(4)
Appendix B The Emperor and Miscellaneous 557(19)
Affairs
Appendix C Renunciation of War 576(4)
Appendix D Civil Rights 580(32)
Appendix E The Diet 612(18)
Appendix F The Executive 630(15)
Appendix G The Judiciary 645(12)
Appendix H Public Finance 657(9)
Appendix I Local Government 666(7)
Appendix J A Comparison of the MacArthur 673(40)
Draft and the Japanese Government Draft of
2 March 1946
A Note on Citations and Abbreviations 713(6)
Notes to Volume Two 719(76)
Selected Bibliography 795(14)
Index 809