ロシアの終わらない革命:ゴルバチョフからプーチンまで<br>Russia's Unfinished Revolution : Political Change from Gorbachev to Putin

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ロシアの終わらない革命:ゴルバチョフからプーチンまで
Russia's Unfinished Revolution : Political Change from Gorbachev to Putin

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 400 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780801488146
  • DDC分類 320.94709048

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2001.

Full Description

For centuries, dictators ruled Russia. Tsars and Communist Party chiefs were in charge for so long some analysts claimed Russians had a cultural predisposition for authoritarian leaders. Yet, as a result of reforms initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev, new political institutions have emerged that now require election of political leaders and rule by constitutional procedures. Michael McFaul traces Russia's tumultuous political history from Gorbachev's rise to power in 1985 through the 1999 resignation of Boris Yeltsin in favor of Vladimir Putin.

McFaul divides his account of the post-Soviet country into three periods: the Gorbachev era (1985-1991), the First Russian Republic (1991-1993), and the Second Russian Republic (1993-present). The first two were, he believes, failures—failed institutional emergence or failed transitions to democracy. By contrast, new democratic institutions did emerge in the third era, though not the institutions of a liberal democracy. McFaul contends that any explanation for Russia's successes in shifting to democracy must also account for its failures. The Russian/Soviet case, he says, reveals the importance of forging social pacts; the efforts of Russian elites to form alliances failed, leading to two violent confrontations and a protracted transition from communism to democracy.

McFaul spent a great deal of time in Moscow in the 1990s and witnessed firsthand many of the events he describes. This experience, combined with frequent visits since and unparalleled access to senior Russian policymakers and politicians, has resulted in an astonishingly well-informed account. Russia's Unfinished Revolution is a comprehensive history of Russia during this crucial period.

Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments1. The Revolutionary Transition from Communism to Democracy: A ModelPART 1. THE GORBACHEV ERA, 1985–1991
2. Gorbachev's Design for Reforming Soviet Political Institutions
3. The End of the Soviet UnionPART 2. THE FIRST RUSSIAN REPUBLIC, 1991–1993
4. Institutional Design in the First Russian Republic
5. The Failure of the First Russian RepublicPART 3. THE EMERGENCE OF THE SECOND RUSSIAN REPUBLIC, 1993–1996
6. Designing the Political Institutions of the Second Republic
7. Transitional Constitutionalism
8. Transitional ElectoralismPART IV. THE FUTURE OF RUSSIAN DEMOCRACY
9. The Quality of Russian Democracy
10. The Stability of Partial DemocracyIndex