日本と韓国における被害者運動と政府の責任<br>Accidental Activists : Victim Movements and Government Accountability in Japan and South Korea (Studies fo the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Colum

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日本と韓国における被害者運動と政府の責任
Accidental Activists : Victim Movements and Government Accountability in Japan and South Korea (Studies fo the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Colum

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 234 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780801453762
  • DDC分類 322.430952

Full Description


Government wrongdoing or negligence harms people worldwide, but not all victims are equally effective at obtaining redress. In Accidental Activists, Celeste L. Arrington examines the interactive dynamics of the politics of redress to understand why not. Relatively powerless groups like redress claimants depend on support from political elites, active groups in society, the media, experts, lawyers, and the interested public to capture democratic policymakers' attention and sway their decisions. Focusing on when and how such third-party support matters, Arrington finds that elite allies may raise awareness about the victims' cause or sponsor special legislation, but their activities also tend to deter the mobilization of fellow claimants and public sympathy. By contrast, claimants who gain elite allies only after the difficult and potentially risky process of mobilizing societal support tend to achieve more redress, which can include official inquiries, apologies, compensation, and structural reforms.Arrington draws on her extensive fieldwork to illustrate these dynamics through comparisons of the parallel Japanese and South Korean movements of victims of harsh leprosy control policies, blood products tainted by hepatitis C, and North Korean abductions. Her book thereby highlights how citizens in Northeast Asia-a region grappling with how to address Japan's past wrongs-are leveraging similar processes to hold their own governments accountable for more recent harms. Accidental Activists also reveals the growing power of litigation to promote policy change and greater accountability from decision makers.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    ix
A Note on Conventions xiii
Introduction: Victimhood and Governmental 1 (18)
Accountability
1 Explaining Redress Outcomes 19 (20)
2 Constructing Victimhood and Villainy in 39 (31)
Japan and Korea
3 Hansen's Disease Survivors' Rights 70 (39)
4 The Politics of Hepatitis C-Tainted Blood 109 (38)
Products
5 The North Korean Abductions and Abductee 147 (58)
Families' Activism
Conclusion: The Politics of Redress 187 (18)
Bibliography 205 (18)
Index 223