日本と韓国における被害者運動と政府の責任<br>Accidental Activists : Victim Movements and Government Accountability in Japan and South Korea (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University)

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日本と韓国における被害者運動と政府の責任
Accidental Activists : Victim Movements and Government Accountability in Japan and South Korea (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University)

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  • Cornell University Press(2016/03発売)
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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 248 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780801453762
  • DDC分類 322.40952

Full Description

Government wrongdoing or negligence harms people worldwide, but not all victims are equally effective at obtaining redress. In Accidental Activists, Celeste L. Arrington examines the interactive dynamics of the politics of redress to understand why not. Relatively powerless groups like redress claimants depend on support from political elites, active groups in society, the media, experts, lawyers, and the interested public to capture democratic policymakers' attention and sway their decisions. Focusing on when and how such third-party support matters, Arrington finds that elite allies may raise awareness about the victims' cause or sponsor special legislation, but their activities also tend to deter the mobilization of fellow claimants and public sympathy. By contrast, claimants who gain elite allies only after the difficult and potentially risky process of mobilizing societal support tend to achieve more redress, which can include official inquiries, apologies, compensation, and structural reforms.Arrington draws on her extensive fieldwork to illustrate these dynamics through comparisons of the parallel Japanese and South Korean movements of victims of harsh leprosy control policies, blood products tainted by hepatitis C, and North Korean abductions. Her book thereby highlights how citizens in Northeast Asia—a region grappling with how to address Japan's past wrongs—are leveraging similar processes to hold their own governments accountable for more recent harms. Accidental Activists also reveals the growing power of litigation to promote policy change and greater accountability from decision makers.

Contents

Introduction: Victimhood and Government Accountability

1. Explaining Redress Outcomes

2. Constructing Victimhood and Villainy in Japan and Korea

3. Leprosy Survivors' Rights

4. The Politics of Hepatitis C-Tainted Blood Products

5. The North Korean Abductions and Abductee Families' Activism

Conclusion: The Politics of Redress