The Religious Context of Early Christianity : A Guide to Graeco-Roman Religions

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The Religious Context of Early Christianity : A Guide to Graeco-Roman Religions

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 544 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780800635930
  • DDC分類 292

Full Description


Klauck's is a uniquely well-informed and comprehensive guide to the world of religion in the Graeco-Roman environment of early Christianity. Drawing on the most up-to-date scholarship, his volume paints a carefully nuanced portrait of the Christians' religious context. Besides describing ordinary domestic and civic religion and popular belief (including astrology, divination and "magic"), there is extended discussion of mystery cults, ruler and emperor cults, the religious dimensions of philosophy, and Gnosticism. An authoritative work, Klauck's will become a new standard for reference and teaching.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xiii
Abbreviations xv
General Bibliography xxi
Introduction 1 (1)
The broader task 1 (1)
An earlier programme 2 (5)
Elements from social theory 7 (2)
Biblical paradigms 9 (3)
I. Daily Life and Liminal Experiences: Civic 12 (69)
and Domestic Religion
The sacrificial cult 12 (30)
The sacrificial rite 13 (10)
Temples and altars 23 (2)
Gods and images of gods 25 (5)
Priests 30 (4)
Feasts 34 (3)
Theories of sacrifice 37 (5)
The associations 42 (13)
Outward manifestations and terminology 42 (5)
Individual examples 47 (6)
A view from the outside 53 (2)
Religio domestica 55 (13)
Preliminary questions of vocabulary and 55 (2)
social history
The domestic practice of the cult 57 (6)
Private sanctuaries 63 (5)
The cult of the dead 68 (13)
The funeral ritual 70 (3)
The underworld 73 (2)
Giving the dead food and the meal 75 (4)
celebrating the dead
Epigrams on graves 79 (2)
II. The Fascination of the Mysterious: The 81 (72)
Mystery Cults
Approaching the phenomenon 81 (9)
The terminology 82 (3)
Phenomenology 85 (4)
History 89 (1)
The mysteries of Eleusis 90 (16)
The Homeric Hymn to Demeter 91 (3)
The Eleusinian Synthema 94 (4)
The three stages of the initiation 98 (1)
The main feast 99 (4)
The contents and meaning of the mysteries 103 (3)
The cult and mysteries of Dionysus 106 (14)
The Bacchae of Euripides 107 (4)
The mystery cult 111 (6)
Orphism 117 (3)
The cult of Attis 120 (8)
The myth 121 (1)
The cult 122 (2)
Formulae and rites of the mysteries 124 (3)
The taurobolium 127 (1)
The cult of Isis 128 (11)
The myth 129 (2)
Cult and mysteries 131 (3)
Apuleius' book about Isis 134 (4)
Sarapis 138 (1)
The mysteries of Mithras 139 (10)
The question of origin 140 (2)
Grades and rites of initiation 142 (3)
Place of worship and cultic image 145 (2)
Spread and significance of the Mithras 147 (2)
mysteries
Evaluation 149 (4)
III. Popular Belief: A Panorama -- Astrology, 153 (97)
Soothsaying, Miracles, Magic
Miracles of healing 154 (23)
A place of healing: Epidauros 154 (14)
A wonder worker: Apollonius of Tyana 168 (9)
Foretelling the future and interpreting 177 (32)
signs
Clarification and general presentation of 177 (7)
the concepts
Delphi: the site of an oracle 184 (8)
Further glimpses 192 (8)
Collections of oracles: the Sibyllines 200 (4)
Dreams and their interpretation 204 (5)
Magic 209 (22)
Outward manifestations 209 (6)
Problems of demarcation 215 (3)
Literary scenes involving magic 218 (5)
Magical texts 223 (8)
Astrology 231 (19)
Basic elements and history 231 (8)
Reflections in literature 239 (3)
Astrological handbooks 242 (5)
A look ahead 247 (3)
IV. Divinised Human Beings: The Cult of 250 (81)
Rulers and Emperors
The Hellenistic cult of rulers 252 (36)
The beginnings 253 (13)
Alexander the Great 266 (8)
The period after Alexander 274 (8)
The integration of Roman power 282 (6)
The Roman imperial cult: persons 288 (25)
Julius Caesar 289 (5)
Augustus 294 (7)
The Julio-Claudian emperors 301 (6)
The Flavian emperors 307 (3)
Trajan 310 (3)
The imperial cult: forms and diffusion 313 (12)
Forms 313 (10)
Diffusion 323 (2)
Concluding observations 325 (6)
The imperial cult as `institutional 325 (2)
metaphor'
Points of contact with early Christianity 327 (4)
V. In Search of Happiness: Philosophy and 331 (98)
Religion
Introduction 331 (4)
Stoicism in the imperial period 335 (50)
Overview 335 (3)
Seneca 338 (8)
Epictetus 346 (5)
Characteristics of the system 351 (6)
Individual topics 357 (20)
Cynicism and the Stoa 377 (8)
Epicurus and his school 385 (16)
Epicurus: personality and influence 385 (5)
Epicurus' letter to Menoikeus 390 (8)
The `decisive propositions' 398 (2)
On the reception of Epicurus' thought 400 (1)
A Middle Platonist: Plutarch of Chaironeia 401 (25)
The context in the history of philosophy 401 (2)
Life and work 403 (4)
Individual topics 407 (19)
Retrospective 426 (3)
VI. Return to the Divine Origin: The Gnostic 429 (76)
Transformation
The question at issue 430 (6)
On the relevance of this topic 430 (2)
A description of the phenomenon 432 (1)
Relationship to the New Testament 433 (3)
State of the sources and problems of origins 436 (25)
The sources 437 (11)
Founders of the schools and teachers 448 (6)
On the subsequent history 454 (1)
The question of origins 455 (6)
An outline of the doctrinal system 461 (38)
Cosmology 462 (5)
Anthropology 467 (3)
Soteriology 470 (8)
Eschatology 478 (5)
Ecclesiology 483 (14)
Ethics 497 (2)
Conclusion: The `Song of the Pearl' 499 (6)
The contents 501 (1)
On the interpretation 502 (3)
Index of selected biblical texts 505 (1)
Index of secondary literature 506