A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements : Magic Bullets or Modern Snake Oil (Nutrition, Exercise, Sports, and Health)

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A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements : Magic Bullets or Modern Snake Oil (Nutrition, Exercise, Sports, and Health)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 713 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780789014559
  • DDC分類 615.1

Full Description


Written by one of the foremost experts on sports nutrition and performance, A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements takes a critical look at the dietary supplement industry. With an estimated 60 percent of adult Americans using dietary supplements every day, the need for a thorough examination of the hundreds of products on the market is long overdue. This comprehensive guide (Selected as an Outstanding Academic Title by Choice Magazine) presents straightforward analysis from a consumer's perspective, giving you the facts on more than 140 supplements and information on which supplements work (and which don't!) for a wide range of health conditions from preventing cancer and heart disease to fighting diabetes and depression.United States Department of Agriculture surveys show that more than 70 percent of Americans fail to achieve daily recommended levels for many vitamins and minerals. With today's emphasis on fitness, millions are investing their money and health in quick-fix solutions-supplements promoted as cure-alls to right nutritional wrongs, lower the likelihood of disease, and work dietary miracles. A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements presents a more realistic view of supplements as neither miracle cure nor nutritional sham, but as consumer products to be accepted or rejected based on scientific fact, not fitness fantasy.A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplements looks at the pros and cons of dietary supplements in the areas of: weight loss bones and joints energy, brain, and mood heart, eye, and gastrointestinal health male and female health cancer, diabetes, and the immune system sports and ergogenic aidsIn addition, the book presents an overview of the dietary supplement industry and the regulations that govern it and looks at the process for developing new products. Designed to cut through the confusion surrounding dietary supplements, A Guide to Understanding Dietary Supplemens is an invaluable resource for students, educators and professionals who deal with nutrition, exercise, physical education, nursing, and anyone else interested in health and fitness.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           xv
James M. Rippe
Foreword xvii
Melvin H. Williams
Preface xix
Acknowledgments xxv
Overview of the Dietary Supplement Industry 1 (12)
and the Dietary Supplement Health and
Education Act
Introduction 1 (1)
What Are Dietary Supplements? 2 (1)
Why Are Dietary Supplements So Popular? 2 (2)
DSHEA 4 (7)
Sources for Additional Information on 11 (2)
Dietary Supplements
The Product Development Process for Dietary 13 (14)
Supplements
Introduction 13 (1)
Drug Development As a Model for Dietary 14 (1)
Supplements
Consumer Product Development As a Model 15 (2)
for Dietary Supplements
New Product Development Approaches 17 (7)
Adapting the NPD Process 24 (1)
Encouraging Creativity 25 (1)
Summary 26 (1)
Critical Evaluation of Dietary Supplements 27 (30)
Introduction 27 (1)
History of Use and Safety 27 (4)
Claims Substantiation 31 (1)
Scientific Support 31 (5)
Third-Party Screening of Dietary 36 (3)
Supplements
Putting Dietary Supplement Claims into 39 (1)
the Proper Perspective
FDA Guidance on Scientific Review of 40 (7)
Health Claims
Advertising and Claims Substantiation for 47 (10)
Dietary Supplements
Supplements for Weight Loss 57 (44)
Introduction 57 (1)
Exercise versus Diet 57 (1)
Step Far Away from the Cheesecake 58 (2)
Supplements That May Help 60 (3)
Summary 63 (1)
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) 64 (3)
Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA) 67 (4)
Chitosan 71 (3)
Glucomannan/Konjac 74 (3)
Ma Huang/Ephedra 77 (5)
Guarana 82 (4)
Synephrine/Zhi Shi 86 (3)
Carnitine 89 (4)
Pyruvate 93 (3)
Bladderwrack 96 (2)
White Willow 98 (3)
Sports Supplements and Ergogenic Aids 101 (80)
Introduction 101 (1)
Supplements for Use with Exercise 102 (4)
Functional Categorization of Sports 106 (4)
Supplements
Summary 110 (2)
Creatine 112 (6)
Ribose 118 (4)
Amino Acids 122 (3)
Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAS) 125 (4)
Androstenedione 129 (4)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) 133 (4)
Beta-Hydroxy Beta-Methylbutyrate (HMB) 137 (3)
Tribulus terrestris (Puncture Vine) 140 (3)
Cordyceps sinensis 143 (3)
Glycerol 146 (3)
Ornithine Alpha-Ketoglutarate (OKG) or 149 (3)
Alpha-Ketoglutarate (AKG)
Gamma-Oryzanol/Ferulic Acid/Rice Bran Oil 152 (4)
Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) 156 (4)
Sodium Bicarbonate 160 (4)
Protein Supplements 164 (3)
Whey Protein 167 (4)
Carnosine 171 (4)
Proteolytic Enzymes 175 (6)
Supplements for Boosting Energy Levels 181 (36)
Introduction 181 (1)
Daily Eating Strategies 182 (2)
Rest 184 (1)
Supplements 184 (3)
Ginseng 187 (4)
Royal Jelly 191 (4)
Bee Pollen 195 (2)
B-Complex Vitamins 197 (2)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 199 (2)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 201 (2)
Rhodiola 203 (3)
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NADH) 206 (3)
Sea Buckthorn 209 (3)
Brewer's Yeast 212 (2)
Inosine 214 (3)
Supplements for Bone Health 217 (24)
Introduction 217 (1)
Factors Associated with Skeletal Health 218 (2)
Dietary Supplements for Healthy Bones 220 (2)
Calcium 222 (5)
Magnesium 227 (3)
Boron 230 (4)
Vitamin D 234 (4)
Vitamin K 238 (3)
Supplements for Joint Health 241 (30)
Introduction 241 (1)
Causes of Arthritis and Conventional 241 (1)
Treatments
Practical Advice 242 (1)
Contributing Factors 242 (1)
Dietary Supplements 243 (4)
Summary 247 (1)
Glucosamine 248 (3)
Chondroitin Sulfate (CS) 251 (3)
Boswellia (Boswellia serrata) 254 (2)
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) 256 (3)
Hydrolyzed Collagen Protein (HCP)/Gelatin 259 (3)
Devil's Claw 262 (3)
Green-Lipped Mussel 265 (3)
Sea Cucumber 268 (3)
Supplements for Mood and Brain Health 271 (60)
Introduction 271 (1)
The First Step---Diet and Exercise 272 (1)
Dietary Supplements 272 (4)
St. John's Wort 276 (6)
5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) 282 (4)
Phenylalanine/D,L-Phenylalanine (DLPA) 286 (4)
Phosphatidylserine (PS) 290 (4)
Choline 294 (4)
Ginkgo Biloba 298 (6)
Huperzine A (HupA) 304 (4)
Vinpocetine 308 (3)
Kava-Kava 311 (5)
S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) 316 (4)
Valerian 320 (4)
Melatonin 324 (3)
Feverfew 327 (4)
Supplements for Heart Health 331 (62)
Introduction 331 (1)
Opening Blood Vessels 332 (3)
Strengthening the Heart Muscle 335 (2)
Controlling Free Radical Damage 337 (1)
Summary 338 (2)
Red Yeast Rice (RYR) 340 (3)
Soy 343 (5)
Essential Fatty Acids and Omega-3 Fatty 348 (8)
Acids
Garlic 356 (4)
Hawthorn 360 (2)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)/Ubiquinone 362 (4)
Vitamin B6 366 (5)
Vitamin B12 371 (5)
Folic Acid 376 (4)
Niacin 380 (5)
Arginine 385 (4)
Alfalfa 389 (4)
Supplements for Immune System Support 393 (42)
Introduction 393 (1)
Supporting Immune System Function 393 (1)
Supplements 394 (5)
Echinacea 399 (4)
Goldenseal 403 (3)
Astragalus 406 (3)
Vitamin A 409 (4)
Glutamine 413 (4)
Zinc 417 (4)
Colostrum 421 (4)
Beta-Glucans 425 (3)
Perilla Seed 428 (3)
Cat's Claw 431 (4)
Supplements for Antioxidant Protection and 435 (62)
Eye Health
Antioxidants---Right Where You Need Them 435 (1)
Most
Dietary Supplements 436 (2)
Key Points Regarding Dietary Supplements 438 (2)
for Eye Health
Antioxidants 440 (6)
Lutein/Zeaxanthin 446 (4)
Alpha-Lipoic Acid 450 (4)
Bilberry/Blueberry 454 (3)
Beta-Carotene 457 (5)
Selenium 462 (3)
Polyphenols/Bioflavonoids 465 (4)
N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) 469 (4)
Vitamin E 473 (8)
Vitamin C 481 (5)
Grape Seed Extract (GSE)/Pine Bark Extract 486 (6)
Quercetin 492 (5)
Supplements for Gastrointestinal Health 497 (40)
Introduction 497 (1)
Common Gastrointestinal Conditions 497 (2)
Supplements That May Be Helpful 499 (4)
Fiber 503 (5)
Aloe Vera 508 (3)
Ginger 511 (4)
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS)/Prebiotics 515 (4)
Probiotics/Acidophilus 519 (6)
Slippery Elm 525 (2)
Mastic 527 (3)
Yellow Dock 530 (3)
Capsicum/Cayenne 533 (4)
Supplements for Male Health 537 (20)
Introduction 537 (1)
Enlarged Prostate 537 (1)
Low Libido 538 (1)
Supplements for Male Sexual Health 539 (1)
Summary 540 (2)
Saw Palmetto 542 (4)
Pygeum 546 (4)
Yohimbe/Quebracho 550 (3)
Maca 553 (4)
Supplements for Female Health 557 (46)
Introduction 557 (1)
Menopause 557 (2)
Premenstrual Syndrome 559 (1)
Summary 560 (2)
Damiana 562 (3)
Black Cohosh 565 (3)
Dong Quai 568 (3)
Flaxseed/Linseed Oil 571 (4)
Evening Primrose Oil 575 (5)
Red Clover 580 (3)
Vitex/Chasteberry 583 (4)
Uva Ursi/Bearberry 587 (4)
Horse Chestnut 591 (5)
Cranberry 596 (3)
Gotu Kola 599 (4)
Supplements for Support During Cancer 603 (40)
Introduction 603 (1)
What Is Cancer? 603 (3)
Specialized Diets 606 (2)
Dietary Supplements 608 (8)
Green Tea 616 (5)
Milk Thistle 621 (4)
Schisandra/Schizandra 625 (3)
Lycopene 628 (5)
Shark Cartilage/Bovine Tracheal Cartilage 633 (5)
Spirulina/Blue-Green Algae 638 (5)
Supplements for Support During Diabetes 643 (24)
Introduction 643 (1)
Supplements That May Help 644 (5)
Summary 649 (2)
Chromium 651 (4)
Vanadium 655 (3)
Banaba Leaf/Corosolic Acid 658 (2)
Fenugreek 660 (3)
Gymnema/Gurmar 663 (4)
Dietary Supplement Master Chart 667 (8)
Index 675