Communication Environmental Risk in Multiethnic Communities

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Communication Environmental Risk in Multiethnic Communities

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780761906506
  • DDC分類 363.1056

Full Description


Communicating Risk in Multicultural Communities examines methods governmental agencies use to inform multicultural communities of risks that either do or may affect their lives. The authors explore the nature of natural hazards (earthquakes, floods, etc.) and technological dangers (hazardous waste, nuclear power plants, etc.), develop a model for understanding people's reaction to risk messages (Do they evacuate when the weather dictates as much? Do they protest the impending construction of a nuclear power plant?), and demonstrate how effective strategies for disseminating risk messages can be devised.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            vii
1 Risk Communication, Culture, and Ethnicity 1 (24)
Risk Communication in Environmental Hazard 5 (9)
Management
Emergency Management Activities 7 (4)
Structuring Risk Communication 11 (3)
Risk Communication, Ethnicity, and Culture 14 (11)
The Cultural Context 17 (3)
Ethnic Subcultures and Risk Communication 20 (2)
Developing a Theory-Based Approach 22 (3)
2 Theoretical Bases of Risk Communication 25 (42)
Social Influence 27 (5)
Persuasive Communication 27 (3)
Social Conformity 30 (2)
Theories of Behavioral Evaluation and Choice 32 (9)
Behavioral Decision Theory 32 (4)
Attitude-Behavior Theory 36 (3)
Information seeking 39 (2)
Theories That Integrate Social and Cognitive 41 (4)
Processes
Theories of Protective Action 41 (3)
Innovation Processes 44 (1)
The Protective Action Decision Model 45 (22)
Predecisional Processes 48 (2)
Decision stages 50 (17)
3 Disaster Warnings as Risk Communication 67 (52)
Protective Action Decisions 68 (1)
Situational Influences on Disaster Response 68 (25)
Environmental Cues 69 (1)
Social Context 70 (3)
Warning Components 73 (9)
Receiver Characteristics 82 (11)
Warning Compliance and Spontaneous Response 93 (8)
Response Timing 96 (1)
Decision Time 96 (1)
Empirically Based Warning Times 97 (1)
Empirically Based Preparation Times 98 (1)
Empirically Based Trip Generation Times 99 (2)
Warning Multiethnic Communities 101(18)
Applying PADM to Multiethnic Communities 105(1)
Vulnerability Assessments and the Community 106(1)
Managing Source Credibility 106(2)
Constructing Warning Messages 108(3)
Selecting Warning Channels 111(2)
Managing Information Seeking 113(1)
Creating Specific Protective Action 114(5)
Incentives
4 Hazard Awareness as Risk Communication 119(52)
Household Hazard Adjustment Decisions 121(15)
Predecision Processes 123(3)
Decision Stages 126(10)
Situational Influences on Hazard Adjustment 136(35)
Environmental Cues 137(2)
Social Context 139(2)
Message Components 141(9)
Receiver Characteristics 150(21)
5 Approaches to Influencing Hazard Adjustment 171(52)
Adoption
The Context of Environmental Risk 173(8)
Communication
Risk Communication During the Continuing 181(33)
Hazard Phase
Strategic Analysis 181(7)
Operational Analysis 188(6)
Resource Mobilization 194(4)
Program Development 198(10)
Program Implementation During the 208(6)
Continuing Hazard Phase
Risk Communication During an Escalating 214(9)
Crisis or Emergency Response
Classifying the Situation 214(1)
Program Implementation During an Escalating 215(8)
Crisis or Emergency Response
References 223(24)
Index 247(14)
About the Authors 261