歴史のバックボーン:西半球における健康と栄養<br>The Backbone of History : Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

個数:

歴史のバックボーン:西半球における健康と栄養
The Backbone of History : Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

  • 提携先の海外書籍取次会社に在庫がございます。通常2週間で発送いたします。
    重要ご説明事項
    1. 納期遅延や、ご入手不能となる場合が若干ございます。
    2. 複数冊ご注文の場合、分割発送となる場合がございます。
    3. 美品のご指定は承りかねます。
  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 663 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521801676
  • DDC分類 614.427

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2002. Defines the emerging field of macrobioarchaeology by gathering skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health.

Full Description


For the same reasons that explorers of the early twentieth century strove to reach the poles, and their modern counterparts journey to outer space, most people want to visualize the contours of the human experience - the peaks of adaptive success that led to the expansion of civilization, and the troughs in which human presence ebbed. The Backbone of History defines the emerging field of macrobioarchaeology by gathering skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health to assess chronic conditions that affected individuals who lived in the Western Hemisphere from 5000 BC to the late nineteenth century. Signs of biological stress in childhood and of degeneration in joints and in teeth increased in the several millennia before the arrival of Columbus as populations moved into less healthy ecological environments. Thus, pre-Colombian Native Americans were among the healthiest and the least healthy groups to live in the Western Hemisphere before the twentieth century.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xi
List of Contributors xv
PART I
Introduction 3 (8)
Richard H. Steckel
Jerome C. Rose
PART II METHODOLOGY
Reconstructing Health Profiles from Skeletal 11 (50)
Remains
Alan H. Goodman
Debra L. Martin
A Health Index from Skeletal Remains 61 (33)
Richard H. Steckel
Paul W. Sciulli
Jerome C. Rose
Paleodemography of the Americas: From Ancient 94 (36)
Times to Colonialism and Beyond
Robert McCaa
PART III EURO-AMERICANS AND AFRICAN-AMERICANS
IN NORTH AMERICA
Introduction 127(3)
The Health of the Middle Class: The St. 130(32)
Thomas' Anglican Church Cemetery Project
Shelley R. Saunders
Ann Herring
Larry Sawchuk
Gerry Boyce
Rob Hoppa
Susan Klepp
The Poor in the Mid-Nineteenth-Century 162(23)
Northeastern United States: Evidence from the
Monroe Country Almshouse, Rochester, New York
Rosanne L. Higgins
Michael R. Haines
Lorena Walsh
Joyce E. Sirianni
The Effects of Nineteenth-Century Military 185(23)
Service on Health
Paul S. Sledzik
Lars G. Sandberg
The Health of Slaves and Free Blacks in the 208(18)
East
Ted A. Rathbun
Richard H. Steckel
The Quality of African-American Life in the 226(57)
Old Southwest near the Turn of the Twentieth
Century
James M. Davidson
Jerome C. Rose
Myron P. Gutmann
Michael R. Haines
Keith Condon
Cindy Condon
PART IV NATIVE AMERICANS IN CENTRAL AMERICA
Introduction 281(2)
Social Disruption and the Maya Civilization 283(24)
of Mesoamerica: A Study of Health and Economy
of the Last Thousand Years
Rebecca Storey
Lourdes Marquez Morfin
Vernon Smith
Health and Nutrition in Pre-Hispanic 307(36)
Mesonamerica
Lourdes Marquez Morfin
Robert McCaa
Rebecca Storey
Andres Del Angel
PART V NATIVE AMERICANS AND EURO-AMERICANS IN
SOURTH AMERICA
Introduction 341(2)
Patterns of Health and Nutrition in 343(33)
Prehistoric and Historic Ecuador
Douglas H. Ubelaker
Linda A. Newson
Economy, Nutrition, and Disease in 376(30)
Prehistoric Coastal Brazil: A Case Study from
the State of Santa Catarina
Walter Alves Neves
Veronica Wesolowski
PART VI NATIVE AMERICANS IN NORTH AMERICA
Introduction 403(3)
A Biohistory of Health and Behavior in the 406(34)
Georgia Bight: The Agricultural Transition
and the Impact of European Contact
C. S. Larsen
A. W. Crosby
Native Americans in Eastern North America: 440(41)
The Southern Great Lakes and Upper Ohio Valley
Paul W. Sciulli
James Oberly
Cultural Longevity and Biological Stress in 481(25)
the American Southwest
Ann L. W. Stodder
Debra L. Martin
Alan H. Goodman
Daniel T. Reff
Health, Nutrition, and Demographic Change in 506(18)
Native California
Phillip L. Walker
Russell Thornton
Welfare History on the Great Plains: 524(39)
Mortality and Skeletal Health, 1650 to 1900
S. Ryan Johansson
Douglas Owsley
PART VII
Patterns of Health in the Western Hemisphere 563(20)
Richard H. Steckel
Jerome C. Rose
PART VIII
Conclusions 583(10)
Richard H. Steckel
Jerome C. Rose
PART IX EPILOGUE
The Body as Evidence; The Body of Evidence 593(10)
George J. Armelagos
Peter J. Brown
Overspecialization and Remedies 603(6)
Philip D. Curtin
Index 609