進化思想における胚の役割変化:進化発達生物学の起源<br>The Changing Role of the Embryo in Evolutionary Thought : Roots of Evo-Devo (Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology) (1ST)

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進化思想における胚の役割変化:進化発達生物学の起源
The Changing Role of the Embryo in Evolutionary Thought : Roots of Evo-Devo (Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology) (1ST)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 280 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521703970
  • DDC分類 501

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2005. In this book Ron Amundson examines two hundred years of scientific views on the evolution-development relationship from the perspective of evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo). This new perspective challenges several popular views about the history of evolutionary thought by claiming that many earlier authors had made history come out right for the Evolutionary Synthesis.

Full Description


In this book Ron Amundson examines two hundred years of scientific views on the evolution-development relationship from the perspective of evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo). This perspective challenges several popular views about the history of evolutionary thought by claiming that many earlier authors had made history come out right for the Evolutionary Synthesis. The book starts with a revised history of nineteenth-century evolutionary thought. It then investigates how development became irrelevant with the Evolutionary Synthesis. It concludes with an examination of the contrasts that persist between mainstream evolutionary theory and evo-devo. This book will appeal to students and professionals in the philosophy and history of science, and biology.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    xiii
1 Introduction
1.1 Evo優evo as New and Old Science 1
1.2 Evo優evo and the Windfall of the 1990's 4
1.3 How I Came to Write this Book 9
1.4 Historical Format 11
1.5 Epistemological Concepts in Historical 14
Context
1.5.1 Inductivist Caution 14
1.5.2 Idealism 16
1.5.3 Two Essentialisms 18
1.6 Explanatory Relativity 20
1.7 Historical Conventions 22
1.8 Historical Pr馗is 23
PART I. DARWIN'S CENTURY: BEYOND THE
ESSENTIALISM STORY
2 Systematics and the Birth of the
Natural System
2.1 Introduction 31
2.2 The Discovery of Species Fixism 34
2.3 Linnaeus and His Contemporaries 39
2.4 French Systems: Jussieu and Cuvier 41
2.5 British Systems and the Growth of 45
Taxonomic Realism
2.6 Review of Species Fixism, 50
Essentialism, and Real Groups
3 The Origins of Morphology, the Science
of Form
3.1 Morphology and Natural Theology 53
3.2 Form as a Topic of Study 55
3.2.1 Goethe 55
3.2.2 The Great Cuvier-Geoffroy Debate 56
3.2.3 Von Baer and Development 58
3.2.4 The Study of Form Summarized 61
3.3 Natural Theologians on Unity of Type 62
3.3.1 William Paley 63
3.3.2 William Buckland 64
3.3.3 Charles Bell 64
3.3.4 William Whewell 65
3.3.5 Peter Mark Roget 66
3.4 The Structural Turn 67
3.4.1 Martin Barry 68
3.4.2 William Carpenter 70
3.4.3 Rudolph Leuckart 72
3.5 What is Natural Theology? 73
4 Owen and Darwin, The Archetype and the
Ancestor
4.1 Introduction 76
4.2 Typology Defined: Kinds of Types 78
4.3 Owen Builds the Archetype 82
4.4 Owen on Species Origins 88
4.5 Anti-Adaptationism 93
4.6 Darwin's use of Morphological Types 96
4.7 Misunderstanding Darwin on Owen 99
4.8 Darwin on Unity of Type 102
4.9 A Structuralist Evolutionary 103
Theory?
4.10 How Darwin Differed 104
5 Evolutionary Morphology: The First
Generation of Evolutionists
5.1 The Program of Evolutionary 107
Morphology
5.2 Evolutionary Morphology as 108
Non-Darwinian and as Darwinian
5.3 The Biogenetic Law 112
5.4 Early Origins in Phylogeny and 114
Ontogeny
5.5 Explaining Form 118
5.6 The Struggles of Evolutionary 121
Morphology
5.7 The Conflict between Adaptation and 125
Structure
6 Interlude
6.1 Two Narratives of the History of 130
Evolutionary Biology
6.2 One Theory or Two? 130
6.3 Grounds for Species Fixism 131
6.4 Darwin's other Primary Achievement: 132
The Tree of Life
6.5 The Significance of Gappiness 134
6.6 And Forward 136
PART II. NEO-DARWIN'S CENTURY: EXPLAINING THE
ABSENCE AND THE REAPPEARANCE OF DEVELOPMENT IN
EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT
7 The Invention of Heredity
7.1 Truisms of Heredity 139
7.2 Epigenetic Origins of Heredity 140
7.3 Epigenetic Heredity During the 143
Nineteenth Century
7.3.1 Martin Barry 143
7.3.2 Charles Darwin 144
7.3.3 August Weismann 144
7.4 The Cleavage between Heredity and 148
Development
7.5 Reinforcing the Dichotomy: 152
Rewriting Weismann and Johannsen
7.6 Broad and Narrow Heredity 155
8 Basics of the Evolutionary Synthesis
8.1 A Long Story Made Short 159
8.2 The Struggles of Natural Selection 160
8.3 Problems in Characterizing the 161
Evolutionary Synthesis
8.4 The Evolutionary Synthesis 163
Characterized
8.5 By-Products of the Core of 166
Synthesis Thought
8.5.1 Systematics 166
8.5.2 Phylogeny 167
8.5.3 Mechanisms 167
9 Structuralist Reactions to the Synthesis
9.1 Experimental Embryology and the 169
Synthesis
9.2 The Program of Experimental 170
Embryology
9.3 The Embryological Critique of the 175
Synthesis
9.3.1 Critique 1: The Causal 175
Completeness Principle
9.3.2 Critique 2: The Developmental 177
Paradox
9.3.3 Critique 3: Fundamental versus 180
Superficial Characters
9.3.4 Cytoplasmic Inheritance versus 185
Darwinian Extrapolation
9.4 Points of Contact among 189
Developmental and Genetic Biologists,
and Synthesis Evolutionists
9.4.1 Sewall Wright 190
9.4.2 Oxford Morphology 191
9.4.3 Waddington and Schmalhausen 193
9.4.4 Richard Goldschmidt 195
9.5 Historical Reflection: Explanatory 196
Goals
9.5.1 Form-Theoretic Evolutionary Theory 196
9.5.2 Change-Theoretic Evolutionary 197
Theory
10 The Synthesis Matures
10.1 The Darwin Centennial Celebration 198
10.2 Uses of Dichotomies 201
10.3 Proximate versus Ultimate: Context 203
10.4 Population Thinking versus 204
Typological Thinking: Context
10.5 Ernst Mayr as a Structuralist? 209
10.6 The Enlarged Quiver of Dichotomies 211
11 Recent Debates and the Continuing Tension
11.1 Diversity versus Commonality: 213
Starting with Genes
11.2 The Four Dichotomies Defend the 218
Synthesis
11.2.1 Maynard Smith: The Germ 218
Line-Soma Critique
11.2.2 Hamburger and Wallace: The 219
Typological and Germ Line-Soma Critiques
11.2.3 Mayr: The Proximate-Ultimate and 222
Genotype-Phenotype Critiques
11.2.4 Refutation by Slogan? 224
11.3 Populations, Ontogenies, and 225
Ontologies
11.4 Adaptationist Ontology: How the 226
Focus on Diversity Affects Ontology
11.5 Structuralist Ontology: 229
Commonality and Developmental Types
11.6 Concepts of Homology 238
11.6.1 The Historical Concept of 238
Homology
11.6.2 The Developmental Concept of 240
Homology
11.7 A Philosophical Ontology of 244
Evo縫evo
11.8 A Newer Synthesis? 250
References 259
Index 275