子どもの談話:諸言語に見る人称と時空間<br>Children's Discourse : Person, Space and Time Across Languages (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics)

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子どもの談話:諸言語に見る人称と時空間
Children's Discourse : Person, Space and Time Across Languages (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 350 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521584418
  • DDC分類 401.93

基本説明

Psycholinguist Maya Hickmann presents an original comparative study of discourse development in English, French, German, and Chinese.

Full Description


This comparative study explores two central questions in the study of first language acquisition: What is the relative impact of structural and functional determinants? What is universal versus language-specific during development? Maya Hickmann addresses these questions in three domains of child language: reference to entities, the representation of space, and uses of temporal-aspectual markings. She provides a thorough review of different theoretical approaches to language acquisition and a wide range of developmental research, as well as examining all three domains in English, French, German and Chinese narratives. Hickmann's findings concern the rhythm of acquisition, the interplay among different factors (syntactic, semantic, pragmatic) determining children's uses, and universal versus variable aspects of acquisition. Her conclusions stress the importance of relating sentence and discourse determinants of acquisition in a crosslinguistic perspective. Children's Discourse will be welcomed by those working in psychology and language-related disciplines interested in first language acquisition.

Table of Contents

        List of figures                            x
List of tables xiv
Preface xv
List of abbreviations and conventions xvii
Introduction 1 (18)
Acquiring language 1 (10)
Domains of child language 11 (6)
Overview of contents in subsequent 17 (2)
chapters
PART I AVAILABLE THEORIES AND DATA 19 (154)
Theoretical issues 21 (28)
Some main theoretical issues in theories 21 (16)
of language acquisition
Functional approaches to language 37 (6)
Functional aspects of reference in 43 (6)
cohesive discourse
Cross-linguistic invariants and variations 49 (37)
Some general typological dimensions 49 (7)
Denoting entities 56 (11)
Space 67 (10)
Time 77 (7)
Summary 84 (2)
Coherence and cohesion in discourse 86 (22)
development
Macrostructures 86 (15)
Emergence of the textual function 101 (4)
Summary 105 (3)
Children's marking of information status: 108 (33)
referring expressions and clause structure
Referring expressions 108 (26)
Clause structure in discourse 134 (5)
Summary 139 (2)
The acquisition of spatial and 141 (32)
temporal-aspectual devices
Motion and location 141 (13)
Temporal-aspectual markings 154 (15)
Summary 169 (4)
PART II A CROSS-LINGUISTIC STUDY OF 173 (170)
CHILDREN'S NARRATIVES
Methodological issues 175 (19)
Control of relevant variables 175 (8)
Design of the present study 183 (11)
Animate entities 194 (46)
Referent introductions 194 (13)
Reference maintenance 207 (23)
Summary and discussion 230 (10)
Space 240 (42)
Situation types 240 (9)
Explicitness of spatial grounds 249 (8)
Spatial anchoring 257 (17)
Maintaining reference to spatial grounds 274 (2)
Summary and discussion 276 (6)
Time 282 (36)
Distribution of all temporal-aspectual 282 (8)
devices
Impact of predicate types on verbal 290 (4)
devices
Discourse determinants of 294 (20)
temporal-aspectual devices
Summary and discussion 314 (4)
Conclusions 318 (25)
Summary of findings in each domain 318 (6)
General conclusions across domains 324 (10)
Implications and concluding remarks 334 (9)
Appendix 343 (2)
Notes 345 (5)
References 350 (33)
Author index 383 (5)
Subject index 388