The Balkan Economies C. 1800-1914 : Evolution without Development (Cambridge Studies in Modern Economic History, 6)

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The Balkan Economies C. 1800-1914 : Evolution without Development (Cambridge Studies in Modern Economic History, 6)

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  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521522564
  • DDC分類 330

Full Description


The Balkan Economies c. 1800-1914 is a strongly revisionist 1997 book which compares the economic progress of Serbia, Bulgaria, Bosnia, Montenegro and Macedonia in the century before World War I. Michael Palairet draws heavily on native-language primary sources to argue that these territories probably experienced economic decline rather than growth, at least from the mid-nineteenth century. This comprehensive study of the economic evolution of the Balkans suggests that the Ottoman and Habsburg empires in providing a framework of order and property rights did more for agrarian and industrial development than succeeding regional and nationalist governments. Based on in-depth research, this book promises to be the definitive economic history of the Balkans.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations                              x
List of tables xi
Preface xiii
Glossary xiv
List of abbreviations xv
Part I The Balkan economies during the Ottoman 1 (172)
period to 1878
1 Balkan population 1790-1914 3 (31)
Population trends in Ottoman Europe 3 (11)
Population trends in the non-Ottoman 14 (5)
Balkans
Balkan population and population density 19 (6)
Urban and rural population 25 (9)
2 The Balkans under the Ottomans 34 (24)
1800-1860's: institutional change and
economic progress
The breakdown of Ottoman feudalism c. 34 (7)
1700-1814
Ottoman reform and economic 41 (9)
revitalization in Bulgaria 1826-1869
Ottoman institutions and industrial 50 (8)
renaissance
3 Agriculture and industry in Ottoman 58 (27)
Bulgaria in the twilight of Ottoman rule
The farm economy 58 (5)
Quantifying Bulgarian farm production 63 (1)
Industries: the Bulgarian manufacturing 63 (6)
centres
Textile manufacturing 69 (3)
Textile demand 72 (4)
The textile industries of Macedonia 76 (1)
The woollen industry and the Ottoman state 77 (4)
Bulgarian industry 1869-1877 81 (4)
4 Serbia 1815-1875: institutions, resources 85 (44)
and market forces
The emergent Serbian state 85 (6)
Economic structure 1840's-1860's 91 (4)
Gradual impoverishment 95 (3)
Livestock health 98 (1)
Deforestation and the pastoral economy 98 (5)
The livestock export trade 103 (5)
The small size of the holdings 108 (1)
Peasant culture and economic stagnation 109 (4)
Regional differentiation in incomes in 113 (1)
the 1860's
The influence of the market 114 (6)
The import trade 120 (3)
Trends in farm output, 1859-1875 123 (1)
The urban economy 123 (4)
Textile manufacturing 127 (1)
Conclusion: half a commercial revolution 127 (2)
5 Bosnia and Montenegro before 1878 129 (28)
Pre-reform Bosnia to 1851 129 (6)
Bosnia in the reform era, 1851-1877 135 (4)
The productive structure of Ottoman Bosnia 139 (3)
Montenegro: history and institutions 142 (1)
Economic structure 142 (3)
Consumption and poverty 145 (2)
Patriarchal culture and banditry 147 (3)
Overwintering and emigration 150 (2)
Labour migration 152 (1)
Industry in Ottoman Bosnia 152 (5)
6 The Ottoman Balkans and free Serbia: 157 (16)
economic conditions and 'renaissance'
Ottoman Bulgaria 157 (6)
Bosnia 163 (2)
Free Serbia 165 (8)
Part II Economic decline and political freedom
1878-1914
7 Bulgaria after 1878: origins of 173 (30)
productive decline
Retrogression in Bulgarian farming after 175 (11)
the liberation
Aggregate farm performance 186 (1)
Commerce and industry 186 (11)
Conversion to large-scale enterprise 197 (1)
Structural change and occupational 198 (3)
mobility
Conclusions 201 (2)
8 Bosnia and Montenegro: political change 203 (40)
and economic development 1878-1914
Bosnian farming under the Austrian 203 (9)
occupation
Montenegro after 1878 212 (2)
Farm performance in Montenegro 214 (3)
Bosnia: industrialization from above 217 (11)
Local enterprise and small-scale 228 (4)
industries
Bosnian economic development in 232 (2)
comparative perspective
The 'civilizing mission' in its Balkan 234 (4)
context
Montenegro after 1900: commerce and 238 (4)
industry
Montenegro's national income 1911 242 (1)
9 The textile industries in Bulgaria and 243 (55)
Serbia 1878-1914
Restructuring the Bulgarian woollen 243 (15)
industry
Woollen industry mechanization in Serbia 258 (13)
Tariff protection and cotton manufacturing 271 (7)
Textile markets, protection and 278 (2)
self-consumption
New technology and the Balkan textile 280 (3)
factories
Labour supply and textile mechanization 283 (9)
Skilled factory labour 292 (4)
Comparative progress in Balkan textile 296 (2)
manufacturing
10 Serbia and Bulgaria 1878-1914: 298 (44)
modernization and productive decline
Economic change in Serbia 1878-1900 299 (7)
The Serbian state and agricultural 306 (4)
monetization
The legacy of Balkan peasant farming 310 (5)
Contrasts in the Bulgarian and Serbian 315 (6)
farm economies
Bulgaria and Serbia: trends in total 321 (6)
output
The state and transportation 327 (3)
Xenophobia, corruption and 330 (9)
industrialization
Conclusion 339 (3)
11 Economic change in Macedonia and Thrace 342 (14)
1878-1914
Farming and economic life 1878-1912 342 (4)
Post-1878 progress in the woollen and 346 (6)
cotton industries
Technical obsolescence and the 1905-1914 352 (4)
boom in Ottoman Europe
12 Summary and conclusions 356 (15)
The Balkans 1878-1914 361 (10)
Select bibliography 371 (24)
Index 395