Religious Policy in the Soviet Union


Religious Policy in the Soviet Union

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 361 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521416436
  • DDC分類 261.70947

Full Description

Church-state relations have undergone a number of changes during the seven decades of the existence of the Soviet Union. In the 1920s the state was politically and financially weak and its edicts often ignored, but the 1930s saw the beginning of an era of systematic anti-religious persecution. There was some relaxation in the last decade of Stalin's rule, but under Khrushchev the pressure on the Church was again stepped up. In the Brezhev period this was moderated to a policy of slow strangulation of religion, and Gorbachev's leadership saw a thorough liberalization and re-legitimation of religion. This 1992 book brings together fifteen of the West's leading scholars of religion in the USSR. Bringing much hitherto unknown material to light, the authors discuss the policy apparatus, programmes of atheisation and socialisation, cults and sects, and the world of Christianity.

Table of Contents

Preface Sabrina Petra Ramet
Part I. Introduction: 1. A survey of Soviet
religious policy Philip Walters
2. Religious policy in the era of Gorbachev
Sabrina Petra Ramet
Part II. Policy Apparatus: 3. The Council for
Religious Affairs Otto Luchterhandt
4. Some reflections about religious policy
under Kharchev Jane Ellis
5. The state, the church, and the oikumene: the
Russian Orthodox Church and the World Council
of Churches, 1948-1985 J. A. Hebly
Part III. Education, Socialisation, and Values:
6. Fear no evil: schools and religion in Soviet
Russia, 1917-1941 Larry E. Holmes
7. Soviet schools, atheism and religion John
8. The Ten Commandments as values in Soviet
people's consciousness Sameul A. Kliger and
Paul H. De Vries
9. Out of the kitchen, out of the temple:
religion, atheism and women in the Soviet Union
John Anderson
Part IV. Cults and Sects: 10. Dilemmas of the
spirit: religion and atheism in the Yakut-Sakha
Republic Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer
11. The spread of modern cults in the USSR
Oxana Antic
Part V. The World of Christianity: 12. The
Russian Orthodox Renovationist Movement and its
Russian historiography during the Soviet period
Anatolii Levitin-Krasnov
13. The re-emergence of the Ukrainian (Greek)
Catholic Church in the USSR Myroslaw Tataryn
14. Protestantism in the USSR Walter Sawatsky
15. Epilogue: religion after the collapse
Sabrina Petra Ramet