One of the world centres of crop evolution and origin, Ethiopia has long been recognized as an important area of diversity for several major and various minor crops. Based on an international conference held in Addis Ababa, this book describes how this genetic diversity is of vital importance in breeding varieties of crops with desirable characteristics such as increased resistance to pests and diseases and greater adaptation to heat and drought. The three main sections in the book consider the Ethiopian centre of diversity, germplasm collection and conservation in Ethiopia and the evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian genetic resources. A broad range of food and feed crops and plants of medicinal and industrial importance are discussed, both at a national and international level. A brief account of those conservation strategies and genebank problems unique to Ethiopia is also given. The importance of Ethiopia's plant genetic resources to world agriculture has been demonstrated on more than one occasion.
Table of Contents
Part I. General Introduction: 1. An Ethiopian
perspective on conservation and utilization of
plant genetic resources M. Worede
Part II. The Ethiopian Centre of Diversity: 2.
The Ethiopian gene centre and its genetic
diversity J. M. M. Engels and J. G. Hawkes
3. Crops with wild relatives found in Ethiopia
S. B. Edwards
4. Diversity of the Ethiopian flora T. Berhan
and G. Egziabher
5. Forest genetic resources of Ethiopia J. De
6. Plants as a primary source of drugs in the
traditional health practices of Ethiopia D.
Abebe and E. Hagos
7. Traditional aromatic and perfume plants in
Central Ethiopia E. Goettsch
8. Spice germplasm in Ethiopia E. Goettsch
9. A diversity study in Ethiopian barley J. M.
10. Sorghum history in relation to Ethiopia H.
11. Prehistoric Ethiopia and India: contacts
through sorghum and millet genetic resources K.
12. Ethiopian fungal gene resources and the
need for their conservation D. J. Bhat and E.
13. Konso agriculture and its plant genetic
resources J. M. M. Engels and E. Goettsch
Part III. Germplasm Collection and Conservation
in Ethiopia: 14. Theory and practice of
collecting germplasm in a centre of diversity
J. G. Hawkes
15. A decade of germplasm exploration and
collection activities by the Plant Genetic
Resources Centre/Ethiopia (PGRC/E) A. Demissi
16. Collection of Ethiopian forage germplasm at
the International Livestock Centre for Africa
J. Hanson and S. Mengistu
17. Germplasm conservation at the PGRC/E R.
18. The strategic area seed reserve project in
Ethiopia W. Woldemariam and F. Pinto
19. Documentation at PGRC E E. Sendek and J. M.
Part IV. Evaluation and Utilization of
Ethiopian Genetic Resources: 20. Germplasm
evaluation with special reference to the role
of taxonomy in genebanks J. G. Hawkes
21. Crop germplasm.