New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 1996. Shows that animals also respond on the basis of the relative value of rewards and that these relativity effects stressful, but that they may also be adaptive.
Disappointment and recovery occur frequently in life; as does irritation regarding ones financial or economic state compared to others. Incentive relativity is the study of this phenomenon, and this book provides a full account of the subject, suitable for behavioral scientists and psychologists. The book shows that animals also respond on the basis of the relative value of rewards - current compared to previous, to the reward available in one situation versus what is available in another context. These relativity effects are stressful in animals but they may also be adaptive, driving animals to seek the best that is available. The book demonstrates that animal research may lead to an understanding of individual differences in discernment and susceptibility to disappointment and to an understanding of both the advantages and disadvantages of dissatisfaction.
Table of Contents
Prologue 1 (4)
1 Brief history of reward magnitude research 5 (14)
2 Successive contrast: procedures and 19 (35)
3 Successive contrast: psychopharmacology 54 (26)
4 Successive contrast: theories 80 (27)
5 Anticipatory and simultaneous contrast 107(28)
6 Contrast with differential conditioning in 135(32)
runway and operant tasks
7 Summary and epilogue 167(10)
Appendix Psychopharmacology of selected 177(10)
animal models of anxiety
Author index 215(10)
Subject index 225