Decision Making : Discriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Interactions

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Decision Making : Discriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Interactions

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521368513
  • DDC分類 658.403

Full Description


The analysis of decision making under uncertainty has again become a major focus of interest. This volume presents contributions from leading specialists in different fields and provides a summary and synthesis of work in this area. It is based on a conference held at the Harvard Business School. The book brings together the different approaches to decision making - normative, descriptive, and prescriptive - which largely correspond to different disciplinary interests. Mathematicians have concentrated on rational procedures for decision making - how people should make decisions. Psychologists have examined how poeple do make decisions, and how far their behaviour is compatible with any rational model. Operations researchers study the application of decision models to actual problems. Throughout, the aim is to present the current state of research and its application and also to show how the different disciplinary approaches can inform one another and thus lay the foundations for the integrated analysis of decision making. The book will be of interest to researchers, teachers - for use as background reading for a decision theory course - students, and consultants and others involved in the practical application of the analysis of decision making. It will be of interest to specialists and students in statistics, mathematics, economics, psychology and the behavioural sciences, operations research, and management science.

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Part I. Overview Paper: 1. Descriptive,
normative, and prescriptive interactions in
decision making David E. Bell, Howard Raiffa,
and Amos Tversky
Part II. Conceptions of Choice: 2. Bounded
rationality, ambiguity, and the engineering of
choice James G. March
3. Rationality as process and as product of
thought Herbert A. Simon
4. Normative theories of decision making under
risk and under uncertainty P. C. Fishburn
5. Risky choice revisited David E. Bell, and
Howard Raiffa
6. Behavioral decision theory: processes of
judgment and choice Hillel J. Einhorn, and
Robin M. Hogarth
7. Reply to commentaries Hillel J. Einhorn, and
Robin M. Hogarth
8. Response mode, framing, and
information-processing effects in risk
assessment Paul Slovic, Baruch Fischhoff, and
Sarah Lichetenstein
9. Rational choice and the framing of decisions
Amos Tversky, and Daniel Kahneman
10. Savage revisited Glenn Shafer
Part III. Beliefs and Judgments about
Uncertainties: 11. Languages and decisions for
probability judgment Glenn Shafer, and Amos
Tversky
12. Updating subjective probability Persi
Diaconis, and Sandy L. Zabell
13. Probability, evidence, and judgment A. P.
Dempster
14. The effects of statistical training on
thinking about everyday problems Geoffrey T.
Fong, David H. Krantz, and Richard E. Nisbett
Part IV. Values and Utilities: 15. The mind as
a consuming organ T. C. Schelling
16. Disappointment in decision making under
uncertainty David E. Bell
17. Marginal value and intrinsic risk aversion
David E. Bell, and Howard Raiffa
18. Knowing what you want: measuring labile
values Baruch Fischhoff, Paul Slovic, and Sarah
Lichetenstein
19. Sources of bias in assessment procedures
for utility functions John C. Hershey, Howard
C. Kunreuther, and Paul J. H. Schoemaker
20. Simplicity in decision analysis: an example
and a discussion Ward Edwards, Detlof von
Winterfeldt, and David L. Moody
21. Value-focused thinking and the study of
values Ralph L. Keeney
Part V. Areas of Application: 22. Behaviour
under uncertainty and its implications for
policy Kenneth J. Arrow
23. The relevance of quasi rationality in
competitive markets Thomas Russell, and Richard
Thaler
24. How senior managers think Daniel J. Isenberg
25. Problems in producing usable knowledge for
implementing liberating alternatives Chris
Argyris
26. On the framing of medical decisions Barbara
J. McNeil, Stephen G. Pauker, and Amos Tversky
27. Whether or not to administer amphotericin
to an immunosuppressed patient with hematologic
malignancy and undiagnosed fever Jonathan E.
Gottlieb, and Stephen G. Pauker
28. The effect of private attitudes on public
policy: prenatal screening for neural tube
defects as a prototype Stephen G. Pauker, Susan
P. Pauker, and Barbar J. McNeil
29. Discussion agenda for the session on
medical decision making and minutes of a group
discussion clinical decision making Milton C.
Weinstein, (moderator), and Harvey V. Fineberg,
Barbara J. McNeil, and Stephen G. Pauker
(discussion rapporteur Robert J. Quinn).